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On October 28th, 1958, the Roman
Catholic patriarch of Venice, Angelo Giuseppe
Roncalli, was elected Pope; he took the name John
On this date:
In 1636, Harvard College was
founded in Massachusetts.
In 1793, Eli
Whitney applied for a patent for his cotton gin
(the patent was granted the following March).
In 1886, the
Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of
France, was dedicated in New York Harbor by
In 1919, Congress
enacted the Volstead Act, which provided for
enforcement of Prohibition, over President
In 1922, fascism
came to Italy as Benito Mussolini took control of
In 1936, President
Roosevelt rededicated the Statue of Liberty on
its 50th anniversary.
In 1940, Italy
invaded Greece during World War Two.
In 1962, Soviet
leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the United
States that he had ordered the dismantling of
Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
In 1965, Pope Paul
the Sixth issued a decree absolving Jews of
collective guilt for the crucifixion of Jesus
In 1980, President
Carter and Republican presidential nominee Ronald
Reagan faced off in a nationally broadcast,
90-minute debate in Cleveland.
Ten years ago: In
a surprise move, Iraq said it was halting
gasoline rationing imposed earlier in response to
global economic sanctions.
Five years ago:
The Atlanta Braves defeated the Cleveland
Indians, 1-0, to win the World Series in Game 6.
The Senate approved a GOP package of spending
slashes and tax reductions, 52-to-47.
One year ago: Five
Republican presidential hopefuls debated such
issues as abortion, health care and taxes in
their second meeting in less than a week; once
again, front-runner George W. Bush was absent
from the gathering in New Hampshire. The House
passed, 218-to-211, the last spending bill of the
year, which President Clinton said he would veto.
"Next to excellence
is the appreciation of it."
William Makepeace Thackeray, British author