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On October 24th, 1945, the United
Nations officially came into existence as its
charter took effect.
On this date:
In 1537, Jane Seymour, the third
wife of England's King Henry the Eighth, died 12
days after giving birth to Prince Edward, later
King Edward the Sixth.
In 1861, the first
transcontinental telegraph message was sent as
Justice Stephen J. Field of California
transmitted a telegram to President Lincoln.
In 1901, Anna
Edson Taylor, a 43-year-old widow, became the
first person to survive going over Niagara Falls
in a barrel.
In 1939, nylon
stockings were sold publicly for the first time,
in Wilmington, Delaware.
In 1939, Benny
Goodman and his orchestra recorded their
signature theme, "Let's Dance," for
Columbia Records in New York.
In 1940, the
40-hour work week went into effect under the Fair
Labor Standards Act of 1938.
Republican presidential candidate Dwight D.
Eisenhower declared, "I shall go to
Korea" as he promised to end the conflict.
In 1962, the US
blockade of Cuba during the missile crisis
officially began under a proclamation signed by
In 1980, the
merchant freighter SS "Poet" departed
Philadelphia bound for Port Said, Egypt, with a
crew of 34 and a cargo of grain; it was never
heard from again.
In 1987, 30 years
after it was expelled, the Teamsters union was
welcomed back into the AFL-CIO.
Ten years ago: The
Senate failed to override President Bush's veto
of a major civil rights bill by a vote of
66-to-34, one vote short of the two-thirds
Five years ago:
President Clinton and Chinese President Jiang
Zemin met in New York, trying to stabilize
relations shaken by disputes over human rights,
trade and Taiwan. The Cleveland Indians got their
first victory in the World Series, defeating the
Atlanta Braves 7-to-6 in game three.
One year ago: An
Israeli court sentenced American teen-ager Samuel
Sheinbein to 24 years in prison for killing an
acquaintance in Maryland in 1997. Senator John
Chafee (Republican, Rhode Island) died at
Bethesda Naval Hospital at age 77. The New York
Yankees took game two of the World Series,
defeating the Atlanta Braves, 7-to-2.
is in most cases two percent moral, forty-eight
percent indignation, and fifty percent
Vittorio De Sica, Italian movie director