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On September 13th, 1788, the Congress of the
Confederation authorized the first national
election, and declared New York City the
temporary national capital.
On this date:
In 1759, during the final French
and Indian War, the British defeated the French
on the Plains of Abraham overlooking Quebec City.
In 1803, Commodore
John Barry, considered by many the father of the
American Navy, died in Philadelphia.
In 1943, Chiang
Kai-shek became president of China.
Republican Margaret Chase Smith of Maine was
elected to the US Senate, becoming the first
woman to serve in both houses of Congress.
In 1949, the
Ladies Professional Golf Association of America
was formed in New York City, with Patty Berg as
its first president.
In 1971, a
four-day inmates' rebellion at the Attica
Correctional Facility in upstate New York ended
as police and guards stormed the prison; the
ordeal and final assault claimed 43 lives.
In 1977, conductor
Leopold Stokowski died in Hampshire, England, at
In 1989, Fay
Vincent was named commissioner of Major League
Baseball, succeeding the late A. Bartlett
In 1993, at the
White House, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin
and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat signed an accord
granting limited Palestinian autonomy.
In 1998, former
Alabama Governor George C. Wallace died at age
Ten years ago: The
Senate Judiciary Committee opened its first day
of confirmation hearings for Supreme Court
nominee David H. Souter, who firmly refused to
discuss his views on abortion. NBC's
cop-courtroom drama "Law & Order"
premiered on NBC.
Five years ago:
The FBI made at least a dozen arrests, capping a
nationwide two-year investigation of pedophiles
and pornographers using the America Online
One year ago:
Israelis and Palestinians opened talks on a final
peace accord. A suspected bomb devastated an
eight-story apartment building in Moscow, killing
at least 118 people.
"We do not attach
ourselves lastingly to anything that has not cost
us care, labor or longing."
Honore de Balzac, French dramatist (1799-1850).