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On September third, 1976, the
unmanned US spacecraft "Viking Two"
landed on Mars to take the first close-up, color
photographs of the planet's surface.
On this date:
In 1189, England's King Richard the First (the
Lion-Hearted) was crowned in Westminster.
In 1658, Oliver
Cromwell, the Lord Protector of England, died.
In 1783, the
Treaty of Paris between the United States and
Great Britain officially ended the Revolutionary
In 1939, Britain
and France declared war on Germany, two days
after the Nazi invasion of Poland.
In 1943, the
British Eighth Army invaded Italy during World
War Two, the same day Italy signed a secret
armistice with the allies.
In 1967, Nguyen
Van Thieu (nwen van too) was elected president of
South Vietnam under a new constitution.
In 1970, football
coach Vince Lombardi died in Washington DC.
In 1978, Pope John
Paul the First was installed as the 264th pontiff
of the Roman Catholic Church.
In 1989, a Cubana
de Aviacion jetliner crashed after takeoff in
Havana, killing all 126 aboard and 26 people on
In 1994, China and
Russia proclaimed an end to any lingering
hostilities, pledging they would no longer target
nuclear missiles or use force against each other.
Ten years ago:
President Bush returned to Washington from his
Maine vacation home to prepare for his summit in
Finland with Soviet President Mikhail S.
Gorbachev. Dr. David Acer, a Florida dentist,
died of AIDS after apparently infecting five of
his patients with the HIV virus.
Five years ago:
Testing Serb will, the United Nations reopened a
route to Sarajevo and threatened more air attacks
if the rebel stranglehold of the Bosnian capital
One year ago: A
French judge closed a two-year inquiry into the
car crash that killed Princess Diana, dismissing
all charges against nine photographers and a
press motorcyclist, and concluding the accident
was caused by an inebriated driver. NASA
temporarily grounded its space shuttle fleet
after inspections had uncovered damaged wires
that could endanger a mission.
"Any doctrine that
will not bear investigation is not a fit tenant
for the mind of an honest man."
Robert G. Ingersoll, American lawyer and