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On August 22nd, 1950, Althea
became the first black tennis player to be
accepted in competition for the national
On this date:
In 1485, England's King Richard the Third was
killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field, ending
the War of the Roses.
In 1762, Ann
Franklin became the first female editor of an
American newspaper, the Newport, Rhode Island
In 1775, England's
King George the Third proclaimed the American
colonies in a state of open rebellion.
In 1787, inventor
John Fitch demonstrated his steamboat on the
Delaware River to delegates of the Continental
In 1846, the
United States annexed New Mexico.
In 1851, the
schooner "America" outraced the
"Aurora" off the English coast to win a
trophy that became known as the America's Cup.
In 1902, President
Theodore Roosevelt became the first US chief
executive to ride in an automobile, in Hartford,
In 1956, President
Eisenhower and Vice President Nixon were
nominated for second terms in office by the
Republican national convention in San Francisco.
In 1968, Pope Paul
the Sixth arrived in Bogota, Colombia, for the
start of the first papal visit to Latin America.
In 1989, Black
Panther co-founder Huey P. Newton was shot to
death in Oakland, California. (Gunman Tyrone
Robinson was later sentenced to 32 years to life
Ten years ago:
President Bush signed an order calling up
reservists to bolster the US military buildup in
the Persian Gulf.
Five years ago:
Congressman Mel Reynolds (Democrat, Illinois) was
convicted in Chicago of sexual misconduct
involving an underage campaign volunteer.
(Reynolds was sentenced to five years in prison;
he was later convicted of lying to obtain loans
and of illegally siphoning campaign money for
personal use, and sentenced to six and a-half
years in federal prison.)
One year ago:
Hurricane "Bret" rumbled ashore on the
Texas Gulf Coast with winds over 100
miles-an-hour. A China Airlines jet burst into
flames at Hong Kong's new airport, killing three
people and injuring more than 200. Art dealer Leo
Castelli died in New York at age 91.
"If you want to be
thought a liar, always tell the truth."
Logan Pearsall Smith, Anglo-American essayist