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On August first, 1946, President
Truman signed the Fulbright Program into law,
establishing the scholarships named for Senator
J. William Fulbright.
On this date:
In 1790, the first United States
census was completed, showing a population of
nearly four million people.
In 1873, inventor
Andrew S. Hallidie successfully tested a cable
car he had designed for the city of San
In 1876, Colorado
was admitted as the 38th state.
In 1936, the
Olympic games opened in Berlin with a ceremony
presided over by Adolf Hitler.
race-related rioting erupted in New York's Harlem
section, resulting in several deaths.
In 1944, an
uprising broke out in Warsaw, Poland, against
Nazi occupation, a revolt that lasted two months
In 1946, the
Atomic Energy Commission was established.
In 1957, the
United States and Canada reached agreement to
create the North American Air Defense Command
25-year-old Charles Joseph Whitman shot and
killed 15 people at the University of Texas
before he was gunned down by police.
In 1975, a
35-nation summit in Helsinki, Finland, concluded
with the signing of an accord dealing with
European security, human rights and East-West
Ten years ago: In
Trinidad, dozens of Muslim militants surrendered
and freed 42 hostages they had seized six days
earlier in a failed bid to overthrow the
Five years ago: In
the second TV network takeover in as many days,
Westinghouse Electric Corporation struck a deal
to buy CBS for $5.4 billion. (A day earlier, Walt
Disney had agreed to acquire Capital Cities-ABC
for $19 billion.)
One year ago: A
heat wave that had gripped the nation since
mid-July finally broke; authorities attributed
nearly 200 deaths to the heat and humidity.
"People say law but
they mean wealth."
Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist, poet and