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On July 23rd, 1885, Ulysses
S. Grant, the 18th president of the United
States, died in Mount McGregor, New York, at age
In 1829, William Austin Burt of Mount Vernon,
Michigan, received a patent for his
"typographer" -- a forerunner of the
In 1886, New York
saloonkeeper Steve Brodie claimed to have made a
daredevil plunge from the Brooklyn Bridge into
the East River.
Austria-Hungary issued an ultimatum to Serbia
following the killing of Archduke Francis
Ferdinand by a Serb assassin; the dispute led to
World War One.
In 1945, French
Marshal Henri Petain, who had headed the Vichy
government during World War Two, went on trial,
charged with treason. (He was condemned to death,
but his sentence was commuted.)
In 1951, Henri
Petain died in prison.
In 1952, Egyptian
military officers led by Gamal Abdel Nasser
overthrew King Farouk the First.
In 1967, rioting
that claimed some 43 lives erupted in Detroit.
In 1977, a jury in
Washington DC convicted 12 Hanafi Muslims of
charges stemming from the hostage siege at three
buildings the previous March.
bandleader Kay Kyser, known for his "Kollege
of Musical Knowledge," died in Chapel Hill,
North Carolina, at age 79.
In 1986, Britain's
Prince Andrew married Sarah Ferguson at
Westminster Abbey in London. (The couple divorced
Ten years ago:
President Bush announced his choice of Judge
David Souter of New Hampshire to succeed retiring
Justice William J. Brennan on the US Supreme
Five years ago: In
a new get-tough approach, the United Nations
ordered the first combat unit from its rapid
reaction force to Sarejevo to take out any rebel
Serb guns that fired at UN peacekeepers.
One year ago:
Members of the Kennedy family gathered in New
York City for a private memorial Mass a week
after John F. Kennedy Junior, his wife, Carolyn,
and her sister, Lauren Bessette, died in a plane
crash off Martha's Vineyard. Space shuttle
"Columbia" blasted off with the world's
most powerful X-ray telescope and Eileen Collins,
the first woman to command a U-S space flight.
Morocco's King Hassan the Second died at age 70.
Woodstock '99 opened in Rome, New York.
always seem worse than troubles surmounted, but
this does not prove that they really are."
Arthur M. Schlesinger Junior, American historian.