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June 20th, 1967, boxer Muhammad
was convicted in Houston of violating Selective
Service laws by refusing to be drafted. (Ali's
conviction was ultimately overturned by the
On this date:
In 1756, in India, a group of
British soldiers was imprisoned in a suffocating
cell that gained notoriety as the "Black
Hole of Calcutta"; most died.
In 1782, Congress
approved the Great Seal of the United States.
In 1837, Queen
Victoria ascended the British throne following
the death of her uncle, King William the Fourth.
In 1863, West
Virginia became the 35th state.
In 1893, a jury in
New Bedford, Massachusetts, found Lizzie Borden
innocent of the ax murders of her father and
In 1898, during
the Spanish-American War, the US cruiser
"Charleston" captured the Spanish-ruled
island of Guam.
race-related rioting erupted in Detroit; federal
troops were sent in two days later to quell the
violence that resulted in more than 30 deaths.
In 1947, Benjamin
"Bugsy" Siegel was shot dead at the
Beverly Hills, California, mansion of his
girlfriend, Virginia Hill, apparently at the
order of mob associates.
In 1963, the
United States and Soviet Union signed an
agreement to set up a "hot line"
between the two superpowers.
In 1979, ABC News
correspondent Bill Stewart was shot to death in
Managua, Nicaragua, by a member of President
Anastasio Somoza's national guard.
Ten years ago:
South African black nationalist Nelson Mandela
and his wife, Winnie, arrived in New York City
for a ticker-tape parade in their honor as they
began an eight-city US tour.
Five years ago: US
Air Force Captain Jim Wang, a radar officer, was
cleared of wrongdoing in a friendly fire attack
on two US helicopters over northern Iraq in 1994
that resulted in 26 deaths.
One year ago: As
the last of 40-thousand Yugoslav troops rolled
out of Kosovo, NATO declared a formal end to its
bombing campaign against Yugoslavia. Golfer Payne
Stewart won his second US Open title, by one
stroke over Phil Mickelson.
"The highest purpose
is to have no purpose at all."
John Cage, American composer (1912-1992).