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On June tenth, 1940, Italy declared
war on France and Britain; Canada declared war on
In 1801, the north African state of Tripoli
declared war on the United States in a dispute
over safe passage of merchant vessels through the
In 1865, the
Richard Wagner opera "Tristan und
Isolde" premiered in Munich, Germany.
singer-actress Judy Garland was born in Grand Rapids,
Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron, Ohio.
In 1942, the
Gestapo massacred 173 male residents of Lidice,
Czechoslovakia, in retaliation for the killing of
a Nazi official.
In 1946, Italy
replaced its abolished monarchy with a republic.
In 1964, the
Senate voted to limit further debate on a
proposed civil rights bill, shutting off a
filibuster by Southern states.
In 1967, the
Middle East War ended as Israel and Syria agreed
to observe a United Nations-mediated cease-fire.
In 1977, James
Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of civil rights
leader Martin Luther King Junior, escaped from
Brushy Mountain State Prison in Tennessee with
six others; he was recaptured June 13th.
In 1985, socialite
Claus von Bulow was acquitted by a jury in
Providence, Rhode Island, at his retrial on
charges he'd tried to murder his heiress wife,
Martha "Sunny" von Bulow.
Ten years ago:
Alberto Fujimori was elected president of Peru by
a narrow margin over novelist Mario Vargos Llosa.
Two members of the rap group 2 Live Crew were
arrested in Hollywood, Florida (they and a third
band member were acquitted of obscenity charges
Five years ago: US
Air Force Captain Scott O'Grady, rescued after
being shot down over Bosnia, described his
six-day ordeal at a news conference at Aviano Air
Base in Italy, saying he was no Rambo and no
hero. A bomb blamed on drug traffickers exploded
in Medellin, Colombia, killing 26 people.
"Thunder Gulch" won the Belmont Stakes.
One year ago:
Yugoslav troops departed Kosovo, prompting NATO
to suspend its punishing 78-day air war. The
Supreme Court ruled, 6-to-3, that the city of
Chicago went too far in its fight against street
gangs by ordering police to break up groups of
constantly threaten the world: order and
Paul Valery, French poet (1871-1945).