Highlight in History: |
On April 12, 1861, the American
Civil War began as Confederate forces fired on
Fort Sumter in South Carolina.
On this date:
In 1606, England adopted as its flag the original
version of the Union Jack.
In 1862, Union
volunteers led by James J. Andrews stole a
Confederate train near Marietta, Georgia, but
were later caught. (This episode inspired the
Buster Keaton comedy "The General.")
"Tender Is the Night," by F. Scott
Fitzgerald, was first published.
In 1945, President
Franklin Delano Roosevelt died of a cerebral
hemorrhage in Warm Springs, Georgia, at age 63;
he was succeeded by Vice President Harry S.
In 1955, the Salk
vaccine against polio was declared safe and
In 1961, Soviet
cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man to
fly in space, orbiting the earth once before
making a safe landing.
In 1981, the space
shuttle Columbia blasted off from Cape Canaveral
on its first test flight.
In 1989, radical
activist Abbie Hoffman was found dead at his home
in New Hope, Pennsylvania, at age 52.
In 1989, former
middleweight boxing champion Sugar Ray Robinson
died in Culver City, California, at age 67.
In 1992, Euro
Disneyland opened in France.
Ten years ago: In
its first meeting, East Germany's first
democratically elected parliament acknowledged
responsibility for the Nazi Holocaust, and asked
the forgiveness of Jews and others who had
Five years ago: In
a move that stunned the business world,
billionaire Kirk Kerkorian and former Chrysler
Chairman Lee Iacocca made an unsolicited $22.8
billion bid to buy the nation's third largest
automaker; Chrysler responded that it wasn't for
One year ago: US
District Judge Susan Webber Wright cited
President Clinton for contempt of court,
concluding that the president had lied about his
relationship with Monica Lewinsky in a deposition
in the Paula Jones case. A jury in Little Rock,
Arkansas, acquitted Susan McDougal of obstructing
Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr's Whitewater
inquiry and deadlocked on two other charges,
causing a mistrial.
"Eternal truths will
be neither true nor eternal unless they have
fresh meaning for every new social
President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).