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On March 14th, 1743, the first recorded town
meeting in America was held, at Faneuil Hall in
In 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his
cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized
America's cotton industry.
In 1900, Congress
ratified the Gold Standard Act.
In 1923, President
Harding became the first chief executive
to file an income tax report.
In 1939, the
republic of Czechoslovakia was dissolved, opening
the way for Nazi occupation.
In 1943, Aaron
Copland's orchestral work "Fanfare for the
Common Man" premiered in New York, with
George Szell conducting.
In 1951, during
the Korean War, United Nations forces recaptured
In 1964, a jury in
Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee
Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President
Kennedy, the previous November.
In 1965, Israel's
cabinet formally approved establishment of
diplomatic relations with West Germany.
In 1967, the body
of President Kennedy was moved from a temporary
grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington
In 1980, a Polish
airliner crashed while making an emergency
landing near Warsaw, killing all 87 people
aboard, including 22 members of a U-S amateur
Ten years ago: The
Soviet Congress elected Mikhail S. Gorbachev to
the country's new, powerful presidency, a day
after creating the post. The United States, the
Soviet Union, Britain, France, and West and East
Germany held their first formal meeting on
reunifying the German states.
Five years ago:
American astronaut Norman Thagard became the
first American to enter space aboard a Russian
rocket as he and two cosmonauts blasted off
aboard a "Soyuz" spacecraft, headed for
the "Mir" space station.
One year ago: The
Clinton administration conceded the Chinese had
gained from technology allegedly stolen from a
federal nuclear weapons lab but insisted the
government responded decisively; Republicans
disagreed and pressed for a comprehensive review
of U-S policy toward China.
"There are no
hopeless situations; there are only men who have
grown helpless about them."
Clare Boothe Luce, American author, diplomat,
member of Congress (1903-1987).