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On February second, 1536, the
Argentine city of Buenos Aires was founded by
Pedro de Mendoza of Spain.
On this date:
In 1653, New Amsterdam -- now New York City --
In 1848, the
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican
War, was signed.
In 1876, the
National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs
was formed in New York.
In 1882, Irish
poet and novelist James Joyce
was born near Dublin.
In 1897, fire
destroyed the Pennsylvania state capitol in
Harrisburg. (A new statehouse was dedicated on
the same site nine years later.)
In 1943, the
remainder of Nazi forces from the Battle of
Stalingrad surrendered in a major victory for the
Soviets in World War Two.
In 1945, President
Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston
Churchill departed Malta for the summit in Yalta
with Soviet leader Josef Stalin.
In 1971, Idi Amin
assumed power in Uganda, following a coup that
ousted President Milton Obote.
In 1980, reports
surfaced that the FBI had conducted a sting
operation targeting members of Congress using
phony Arab businessmen in what became known as
"Abscam," a codename protested by
In 1996, dancer,
actor and choreographer Gene Kelly died at his
Beverly Hills, California, home; he was 83.
Ten years ago: In
a dramatic concession to South Africa's black
majority, President F.W. de Klerk lifted a ban on
the African National Congress and promised to
free Nelson Mandela.
Five years ago:
President Clinton nominated Henry Foster Junior
to succeed fired Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders;
however, Foster's nomination was later defeated
in the Senate. The leaders of Egypt, Israel,
Jordan and the Palestinians held an unprecedented
summit in Cairo to try to revive the Mideast
One year ago: A
federal jury in Portland, Oregon, ordered
abortion foes who had created "wanted"
posters and a Web site listing the names and
addresses of "baby butchers" to pay
$107 million in damages; the defendants promised
"Truth has no
special time of its own. Its hour is now --
Albert Schweitzer, German-born missionary and
Nobel laureate (1875-1965).