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On January 19th, 1807, Robert E. Lee,
the commander-in-chief of the Confederate armies,
was born in Stratford, Virginia.
On this date:
In 1736, James Watt, inventor of the steam
engine, was born in Scotland.
In 1809, author
Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston.
In 1853, Verdi's
opera "Il Trovatore" premiered in Rome.
In 1861, Georgia
seceded from the Union.
In 1944, the
federal government relinquished control of the
nation's railroads following settlement of a wage
In 1955, a
presidential news conference was filmed for
television for the first time, with permission
from President Eisenhower.
In 1966, Indira
Gandhi was elected prime minister of India.
In 1970, President
Nixon nominated G. Harrold Carswell to the
Supreme Court; however, the nomination was
defeated because of controversy over Carswell's
past racial views.
In 1977, in one of
his last acts of office, President Ford pardoned
Iva Toguri D'Aquino, an American who'd made
wartime broadcasts for Japan.
In 1981, the
United States and Iran signed an agreement paving
the way for the release of 52 Americans held
hostage for more than 14 months.
Ten years ago:
Arthur J. Goldberg, former Supreme Court justice,
labor secretary and US Ambassador to the United
Nations, was found dead in his Washington
apartment at age 81.
Five years ago:
Russian troops regained control of the
presidential palace in Grozny, the capital of the
breakaway republic of Chechnya.
One year ago:
President Clinton delivered his State of the
Union address, in which he proposed to protect
Social Security by using huge budget surpluses
and announced the government would sue the
tobacco industry for smokers' health costs. Hours
earlier, at the president's impeachment trial in
the Senate, White House Counsel Charles Ruff
opened the defense with ringing statements of
"To fear love is to
fear life, and those who fear life are already
three parts dead."
Bertrand Russell, British philosopher