I 对立法 II 现象法 III 观点法 IV 引用法 V 比较法 VI 故事法 VII 问题法
1 When asked about..., the vast / overwhelming majority of
most / many / quite a few people say
1 that.... But other people regard / view / see / think of.. . as....
I think /view quite / a bit differently.
1.1 When asked about the biggest problem today, many people say that it
is the serious energy crisis. They are afraid that the world will soon run
out of oil and run short of food. But other people hold optimistic views:
they regard it as a natural result of the economic development and believe
it will be only solved with further advances in economy and technology.
1.2 When asked what kind of career they will pursue upon graduation, mist
college students say that they would choose a job which will bring them lot
of money and a conformable life. Working in a big bank or company is what
they desire. But I think quite differently. I would prefer a career which
will help realize my potentials.
2 When It comes to..., some people think
believe that.... Others argue
claim that the
reverse is true. There Is probably some truth in both arguments
statements , but....
2.1 When it canes to international sport such as the Olympic Games and
the World Cup soccer game, some people believe that it creates goodwill
between the nations and that if countries play games together they will
learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that
international contests encourage false national pride and lead in
misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably a little bit of truth in both
arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support
the view that sports encourage international brotherhood.
2.2 In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it
possible for people to live longer than in the past. Yet when it comes to
the desirability of extending the life of the terminally ill, some people,
including some doctors, say that the quality of life is as important as life
itself, and that people should in be forced to go on living when the
conditions of life have become unbearable. They argue that people should be
allowed to die with dignity and decide when they want to die. However those
who are in favor of life-extending measures argue that life under any
circumstances is better than death and that the duty of doctors is always to
extend life as long as possible. There is probably some truth on both sides,
but recently the public clamor for the legalization of voluntary euthanasia
seem increasingly strong.
3 There is a public
as to the problem
issue of.... Those who criticize
3 ... contend
argue ... that.... They believe that .... But people who advocate
favor ..., on the other hand, maintain
3.1 There is much discussion today about whether fast economic growth is
desirable. Those who criticize economic growth argue that we must slow down.
They believe that society is approaching certain limits on growth. These
include the fixed supply of natural resources, and the possible negative
effects of industry on the natural environment. People who want more
economic growth, on the other hand, argue that even at the present growth
rate, there are still many poor people, They maintain that only continued
growth can create the capital needed to improve the quality of life and
provide the financial resources required to protect our natural surroundings
3.2 There is a general debate on the campus today over the phenomenon of
college students' doing a part-time job. Those who object to it argue that
students should not spend their precious time in this way. But people who
advocate it, on the other hand, claim that, by taking a major-related
part-time job or summer job, students can not only improve their academic
studies, but gain much experience, experience they will never be able to get
from the textbooks.
4 Now, It is commonly
acknowledged that.... They
argue that .... But I wonder
doubt whether ...
4.1 It is commonly believed that the rise in teenage smoking is the
inevitable result of economic development. They argue that if there are no
cigarette advertisement on TV, no cigarettes available everywhere, and no
adequate pocket money, teenagers are unlikely to take up the habit of
smoking. But I doubt that it is a satisfactory explanation. While conceding
the effect of advertising and other commercial factors, I think that the
primary cause is social and individual rather than economic.
4.2 It is widely felt that there is a fear plainly uppermost in the minds
of most people today. They are afraid of the future, and if you ask them
why, they conveniently blame the atomic bomb. But I suspect that the nuclear
weapon is only the scapegoat for our fears. We are not afraid of the future
because of a bomb. We are afraid of bombs because we have no faith in the
future. I believe people no longer have faith in our ability to control our
5 To the general public
To most people
In the popular mind
In most people's opinion .... But despite
in spite of
for all .... I believe....
one should ...
5.1 In the popular mind, it is immediately assumed that when morals are
discussed, it is sexual morals that are meant. The morals of salesmen,
doctors, and taxi drivers are only moderately interesting to the general
public, while the relations between men and women are frequent themes in
novels and movies, themes which no amount of repetition makes stale. Yet in
spite of this immense preoccupation with sex, much attention should be drawn
to the general moral standards.
5.2 To most Chinese parents, college is a place their children should go.
And their children, for the most part, are also anxious to go. It is in
Chinese tradition that there is something about a college that transfers an
ordinary child into a superior adult. But in spite of this belief, men and
women who have been to college suspect that this is not the case.
6 Now a lot of
the majority of
many / most people believe
6 But although
Admittedly, ... there is no / little evidence that
it is questioned /doubted ...
6.1 A lot of people believe that television has a harmful effect on
children. A few years ago, the same criticisms were made of the cinema. But
although child psychologists have spent a great deal of time studying this
problem, there is not much evidence that television brings about juvenile
6.2 Most people believe that our society of consumption creates the
greatest happiness for the greatest number. Although this view is widely
held, there is little evidence that Money brings about happiness. Instead,
we find our present way of life leads to increasing anxiety, helplessness,
and, eventually, to the disintegration of our culture. I refuse to identify
consumption with joy and fun with happiness.
6.3 There is some feeling nowadays that reading is not as necessary as it
once was. Radio and especially television have taken over many of the
functions once served by print. Admittedly, television serves some of these
functions extremely well; the visual communication of news events, for
example, has enormous impact. The ability of radio to give us information
while we are engaged in doing other things ------ for instance, driving a
car ------ is remarkable, and a great saving of time. But it may be
seriously questioned whether the advent of modern communications media has
much enhanced our intellectual skills.
7 .... In reaction
answer to the event
question , some people say
think .... But do they realize...?
7.1 Now most people get their news and information about the things that
are happening at home and abroad from television. They believe the things
they hear and see on television. Probably most of the information is true,
and we can believe it. But shall we always believe the information which
television gives us? Do we never suspect that the given information might be
slanted, distorted or the truth totally denied?
7.2 In the past few years big business has fallen to a low level in
public esteem. A recent Gallup poll shows that big business came in last, in
terms of the quality of the products, among all the enterprises which sell
household appliances in Shanghai; at the top of the list were small business
or business from small towns. in response to the poll, many businessmen
argue that this public attitude is due to the inadequacy of their
advertising and can be cured by stepping up their advertising campaigns.
They are only fooling themselves. Do they realize that the real problem for
their loss of public respect is what they have been doing, not what they
have been saying about themselves?
8 ... is a popular
way of..., but is it a fair
Its method / way
values / wisdom s now being questioned
challenged by more and more people.
8.1 Throwing criminals in jail is an ancient and widespread method of
punishment, but is it a wise one? It does seem reasonable to keep wrongdoers
in a place where they find fewer opportunities to hurt innocent people, and
where they might discover that crime doesn't pay. The system has long been
considered fair and sound by those who want to see the guilty punished and
society protected. Yet the values of this form of justice is now being
questioned by more and more people.
8.2 Required class attendance, like an old custom, is so common in in
Chinese colleges and universities that many teachers and even students
themselves simply assume it is a good thing. But is it a wise method? It
does contribute to the rise in the number of students attending class. But
is there any proven co-relation between attendance and performance in a
course? The values of required attendance is now being questioned by more
and more teachers and students.
9 These days we often hear about.... They claim
say that.... But has
9 Close examination
scrutiny doesn't bear out the claim.
9.1 These days we often hear about "the classless society". They say that
all men are equal, and they can enjoy the same educational and job
opportunities, and the distinction between rich and poor has lost. But has
it? Close examination doesn't bear out the claim.
9.2 These days I have heard many exasperated students and working adults
alike express a strong desire to take an English course and a computer
course. They believe that such knowledge will enhance their job
opportunities or promotion opportunities. But will it? The information I've
collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be
less useful than most people think.
10 We are often shown
told these days that.... But is this really the case?
10.1 We are often told that technological know-how, acquired in exploring
space, will be utilized to make life better on earth. Is this really the
case? What has the space exploration done to relieve the suffering of the
earth's starving millions? In what way has it raised the standard of living
of anyone of us? Man may put human beings on the moon, but there is growing
skepticism about his ability to solve human problems closer to home.