i. who 的前行词必须是人，在从句中可以担任主语，往往也可以代替在从句中担任宾
This is the teacher who teaches us mathematics.
She is the girl who (whom) I met at the party. （可以替代）
She is the girl whom (who) I went there with. （可以替代）
She is the girl with whom I went there. （不可替代）
1. 先行词是one, ones, anyone的时候宜用who.
One who has nothing to fear for oneself dares to tell the truth.
The ones who flatter me don’t please me.
Don’t tell anyone about the news who oughtn’t to know it.
Anyone who fails to finish the task given should be criticized.
Those who were not fit for their work could not see the beautiful clothes
made of the magic cloth.
Those who want to go to the Great Wall sign up here.
I met a foreigner in the street yesterday who could asked me questions in
The boy that you met last night is the group leader who studies very hard.
5. 在there be 开头的句子中
There is an old man who wants to see you.
There are many young men who are against him.
I saw a woman whose bag was stolen.
I’ll call a person whose father knows you.
Which is the car whose owner you know? (Which is the car the owner of which
Please show me the book whose cover is red. (Please show me the book the
cover of which is red)
that, 另外介词后边也不可用that, 而是跟which.
The money that (which) is in the wallet is mine.
This is the best that has been used against pollution.
English is the most difficult subject that you will learn during these
He is the last person (that) I want to see.
It is the first American movie of this kind that I’ve ever seen.
Which is the bike that you lost?
Who is the woman that was praixed at the meeting?
Do you know the things and persons that they are talking about?
The bike and its rider that had run over an old man were taken to the police
v. 先行词是all, much, little, something, everything, anything, nothing,
none, the one等不定代词时
You should hand in all that you have.
We haven’t got much that we can offer you.
I mean the one that you talked about just now.
vi. 先行词前面Only, any, few, little, no, all, one of, the same, the very 等
The only thing that we can do is to give you some money.
Li Ming is the only one that wants to be a teacher.
Li Ming is one of the students that want to be teachers in our class.
vii. 有两个定语从句，其中一个关系代词已用which, 另外一个宜用that.
Edison built up a factory which produced things that had never been seen
Beijing, which is the capital of China, is a very beautiful city.
This is the hotel in which you will stay.
ii. 如果有两个定语从句，其中的一句的关系词是that, 另一句宜用which.
Let me show you the novel that I borrowed from the library which was newly
open to us.
This is the hero of whom we are proud.
I want to find the very pen with which I wrote that letter.
This is the hero that (who/whom/忽略) we are proud of.
The people (who) we met at the party were very friendly to us.
Here is the man (that) you have been looking for.
Shang Hai is no longer the city (that) it used to be.
iv. 在there be句型中，和先行词为way时，关系代词总是省略
There is an old man (who ) wants to see you.
I don’t like the way (that) you talk to somebody else.
a) one of + 复数名词 +关系代词+复数型动词
the (only) one of + 复数名词+关系代词+单数型动词
The Great Wall is one of the world-famous buildings that draw lots of
Titanic is the (only) one of the most wonderful movies that has been
produced in Hollywood.