如果你是理工学渣,托福低分,但就是一心想扎进金融和商科的海洋,好吧,请你看过来

如果你是理工学渣,托福低分,但就是一心想扎进金融和商科的海洋,好吧,请你看过来

虽然近年来美国理工科就业的形势明显要好于商科,但是小编相信,理工大潮里也有不少学渣垂死挣扎于累觉不爱的专业,希望研究生能够脱离苦海转到稍微轻松的科目并最终成功转型进入商业红海;亦或是对金融和商科是出于真爱,只是本科选专业时误入歧途,发现真爱为时已晚,所以寄希望于研究生阶段能够重新发掘自己的兴趣和潜力。

如果你是理工科的学渣,院校背景弱,GPA平平、没有实验室科研项目、无GRE、拿着70多分的托福,想进入名气还不错的美国院校学金融或者商科,那你不妨考虑一下BU的MET学院(仅限于低分理工学渣,勿喷,如果你成绩还不错,跳过看后面的项目)

1

BU的MET学院什么鬼?- MET的MSAS Financial Economics项目

BU的MET即Boston University波士顿大学的Metropolitan College大都会学院。大都会学院,什么鬼?什么?类似于中国的继续教育学院?夜大?网上对该学院的评价褒贬不一。咳咳,虽然大部分是质疑。该学院的入学要求看起来真的是为学渣设置的:

*本科GPA3.0以上(虽然不一定所有的录取者都达标了);

*不要求GRE;

*托福84分就行,如果不够,可以申请双录取,先读语言再读正课(本身美国前80大学研究生申请有双录的学校就没几个)

但是,其实美国不少学校都开设继续教育学院,并且有些专业也只在继续教育学院,比如精算。小编并不是为MET正名,只是想在这里给出客观的评价:

*类似于继续教育学院、夜大,教学质量没保障

其实BU这个大背景摆在那里,估计也不会差到哪里去,比一些语言机构如ELS合作双录取的100名以后的大学要靠谱。

*晚上周末上课,不安全

BU是波士顿最安全的地区之一了,纯白人区几乎,什么夜校不安全的担忧是没必要的。

*学位证不是BU的,不正规

MET的学位证当然是正规的,不过上面会标明大都会学院,跟传统的商学院或者工程学院还是有差别的。*录取的都是学渣,氛围不好

再顶级的学校也有学霸和学渣,而你要做的是融入优秀的圈子成为学霸,而非堕落到party、玩乐的行列。这是你自己的选择问题。其实MET录取的学生目前为止有不少背景都不错,GT分高的大有人在。我们以往的学生中有国内二本材料的学生去MET的,也有美本毕业的商科数学双学位的优秀学生去MET的。

其实MET也是不少优点:

*波士顿的地理位置优势

*比较低的入学门槛

*提供语言课程和双录取

据双录在读的学生反馈,BU的语言中心CELOP还是不错的,老师很NICE,和正课老师沟通,积极帮你争取早日转入正课,班上每个同学过生日都会庆祝,很温馨。

*可以跨专业转入金融商科甚至计算机领域

对商科感兴趣的学生可以考虑MET学院的Master of Science in Administrative (MSAS) 项目,项目一共有五个方向:

这里主要给大家推荐金融相关的Financial Economics金融经济学方向,其实小编对Financial Economics的好感一直不错,毕竟开设这个专业的学校不多,而哥大商学院的Financial Economics更是许多学生的dream program。当然MSAS还有最近新兴的被纳入STEM的Business Analytics方向。

MET还允许学生还有修双学位,除了MSAS,学生还可以再从下面选下面任意一个专业修双学位,学金融经济学的你,如果能够再拿一个计算机的学位,必定会成为你就业的一大优势,当然需要两个系都录取你才行。

另外,MET还有MS Actuarial Science精算研究生硕士,也是个不错的选择。

性质类似的项目—PSU的MFin

其他的学校也有类似的项目,比如PSU宾州州立大学的MFin金融硕士项目,也是在继续教育学院,是纯金融项目。类似于MET的MS Acuturial Science,哥大的精算项目也在继续教育学院里面,如果你的条件还不错的话也可以申请,当然数学要好。

2

类似的专业Applied Economics在名校

不是学渣的你可以考虑一些名校的Applied Economics专业,类似于Financial Economics,同样要求数学底子要好,再加一些编程基础,如果你本科是数学、统计专业那就更好了。如果你本科是商科或经管,背景不是特别强,但是想上名校,也可以考虑该选择这种项目来曲线救国。如果想申请正统的金融专业,并且综排和专排都top,那你需要非常优秀,毕竟对于条件不是那么过硬的童鞋来说鱼和熊掌不能兼得。

1)什么是Applied Economics

不同于偏理论性的MS/MA Economics纯学术经济学学位,应用经济学通过培养学生的计量及其他量化分析技能提高学生的建模和估计经济推理能力, 运用经济学原理和理论解决实际经济问题。相对于搞学术研究的纯经济学硕士或博士,申请相对容易一些。出来同样可以从事金融行业。

2)名校有该项目—Georgetown, JHU, Maryland

之所以列举Georgetown乔治城大学、JHU约翰霍普金斯大学以及Maryland马里兰大学,是因为这三个大学的MS Applied Economics应用经济学项目非常相似,相较于本校的纯金融或者纯经济学项目或者其他同排名的学校的金融/经济项目比较容易申请。这三个学校的应用经济学项目不要求经济学或商科本科背景,都是晚上周末上课,都在DC华盛顿特区有上课、提供part-time课程,也就是会有在职研究生和你一起上课,但是这三个项目都是在正统的文理学院下面(乔治城和马里兰都是在经济系下,而JHU是在AAP项目下),而非继续教育学院。不要因为是晚上周末上课或者有part-time program就完全歧视,对于拿着名校背景回国就业的学生,这未必不是一个好的选择。

再次,美国很多专业和项目都会有晚上上课的,不只是继续教育学院,许多别的学院开设的项目也会晚上开课,有的是选修课,有的是因为照顾到在职读part-time的研究生,美国许多名校也是为在职学生提供同等学习机会的,特别是在一些在职人员对学习和提升的需求量大的大城市,这也是美国教育体制完善的一个体现。

有人说,这些项目的录取门槛低,什么学生都要,水平层次不齐,但是100+的托福还是要的,3.0+的GPA还是要的,本科学校背景还是要的,这些要求确实不是每个人都能达到的。学校的名气和实力还是摆在那里,所以即使再低的门槛也是名校的门槛。项目里不乏国内名校毕业的大牛。特别是乔治城大学的申请难度还是比较大的。

  1. Georgetown U-MS Applied Economics

    项目概况:

    MAAE项目主要培养学生对经济分析基础工具的扎实理解,从而能够从事严格的经济问题和经济政策分析工作。项目强调应用经济学,与专业型MBA学位和学术性PHD经济学学位都不一样。MAAE项目开始先向学生教授基础的宏微观经济学工具,帮他们打下坚实的理论基础,进而发展其理解经济问题和实验性分析的能力,并能够进行原始的科研项目和数据分析,这些课程都完成后,学生会通过选修课学习在不同领域如何运用这些经济学工具。

    来自学校内部的高级教授和学者教微观经济学和计量经济学等基础核心课程,而选修课则是由有多年从业经验的华盛顿地区经济学人士教授,学术师资和行业实践者的共同授课是我们的特色。

    Full-time 学生一年可以完成学位(包括秋,第二年春和夏),Part-time要在两年之内完成学位。

    毕业要求&课程设置

    AE项目学生需要完成10门课程30个学分,包括4门核心必修课(微观经济学,宏观经济学,计量经济学和数据分析)和6门选修课。项目提供full-time和Part-time两种方式,full-time学生在一年内完成30个学分要求,而part-time学生在两年内完成。两种方式需要在夏季学期上课。事实上所有的课程都是在晚上和周末上课以照顾part-time和full-time学生。所有学生都是秋季入学。

    Full-time学生一般在秋季(8月末到12月中)完成4门核心课程,来年春季(1月上到5月上)完成4门选修课,夏季(5月中到8月中)完成2门选修课,所以一年能修完学分,有的学生会选择春季和夏季分别读3门课。Part-time学生一般在第一年秋读2门核心课(宏微观经济学),来年春读2门选修课,春季读1-2门选修课;第二年秋完成剩余2门核心课,春夏完成剩余选修课。

    项目需要学生在入学时(八月份)先修一门必修的2周的数学方法课程。目的是帮助学生复习基础的理论和实验性经济学工具和技巧。这门课不算学分。

    学费

    2015-2016年学费是每学分1863美元。MAAE要修30学分,学费总共是55890美元,有上涨趋势。

    地理位置

    主校区位于华盛顿特区的市中心,坐落在风景如画的乔治城以及波多马克河边;校园内的著名建筑Healy Hall被收录在美国国家史迹名录(National Historic Landmark)中。乔治敦大学Georgetown University距白宫西北面两英里左右,许多外国使节的子女在此念书,因而赋予了该大学很浓的国际色彩,并由此获得了”政客乐园”的称誉。

    录取要求:

    对本科专业不限制;

    秋季招生,两轮截止,1.15和4.1(space-available basis);

    托福雅思官网要求至少100分、7分,但是其他条件突出也有破格;

    要求GMAT和GRE;

    GPA大于等于3.0(4分制);

    先修课要求修过大量的实质性经济学课程,大量的实质性数学课程和其他数量课程。至少需要修过两门微积分课程,中级宏微观经济学课程。理想状态,学生最好修过三学期微积分,一学期线性代数和微分方程。学过实变函数分析和测度理论会大大加分。

    2.

    JHU-MS Applied Economics

    项目概况:

    应用经济(Master of Science in Applied Economics,以下简称MSAE)项目主要培养学生的经济学逻辑思维,并通过计量经济学等数量方法构建评估经济学模型的能力,AE隶属于 Krieger School of Art & Sciences,是Advanced Academic Program(AAP)的一个分支,主要为成人的职业和个人发展提供学习机会。注意,这个和经济学PHD不是一个学院下面的,而且PHD大牛们一般都在巴尔的摩主校区上课。项目要求只要修完10门课程就可以毕业,5年内毕业就可以。但是作为国际学生,为了保住F1身份,每学期至少得选3门课。上课形式可以选择part-time,full-time,也可以选择online,教授大部分都是兼职,在政府机构供职,还有其他机构的,比如安永等。晚上和周末上课,但是国际学生都是full-time的学生身份。AE对于申请人的本科专业并没有限制,如果是非经济相关的专业,学校会要求上一些数学、统计之类的课程。而且,MSAE还可以和MBA项目一起上。

    毕业要求:

    学生需要完成10门课程,4门核心专业课(微观经济学、宏观经济学、统计学、计量经济学),1门高级计量经济学(微观计量经济学或宏观计量经济学),5门选修课(可从31门课程选择)。

    只要修完10门课程就可以毕业,5年是上限,即使修完10门课,还可以继续修不毕业,不过需要再I-20到期前向学校申请I-20延期。

    专业分支方向

    Public Policy

    Business Economics

    Macroeconomics/Financial Economics

    International Economics and Development

    Spatial Economics(also available online)

    Environmental Economics (also available on-line)

    Health Economics (also available on-line)

    Quantitative Methods (also available online)

    地理位置

    MSAE在Washington DC的马萨诸塞街,Dupontcircle附近,周围各国大使馆邻里,比邻布布鲁金斯学会。话说马萨诸塞街上几乎全是各国大使馆,当然还有其他的机构,具体大家可以通过谷歌地图了解详情。话说白宫也就走20分钟左右就到了。上课地址:1717 Massachusetts Ave., NW,Washington, DC 20036。对面就是JHU大名鼎鼎的SAIS国际关系学院。

    录取要求

    *对本科专业不限制;

    *滚动录取,也就是说你可以夏季、秋季、春季入学;

    *托福雅思官网要求至少100分、7分,但是其他条件突出也有破格;

    *GMAT和GRE,学校官网说不要求,但是最好提供;

    *GPA大于等于3.0(4分制);

    *本科学过微积分、微观经济学通论、宏观经济学通论,且每门课程成绩不低于B。(本科没有修过这些课程的,且来不及修或者已经毕业的同学可以上网课或者参加CLEP考试)

    *本科只修过一门微积分的学生需要在入学时先修Mathematical Methods for Economics“经济学数学方法”这门课程,该门课不算入学分,学费半价,学生总共等于是修11门课程。如要免去这门课程,学生学要学过Multivariable Calculus多变量微积分。

    就业

    关于就业这个就是因人而异了,上课的同学大部分都是工作的(当然除了大部分中国学生是fulltime的F1)。听闻往届学长学姐有在世界银行、IMF、Acumen等公司工作的,也有回国工作的。JHU的大名如果回国应该学校名气还是比较管用的。但是以前看到一个帖子说AAP项目再顶级投行和咨询公司会被歧视,这个有待考证,因为这些公司有时候会破格录用,高中毕业的人都可能进去,所以如果说因为是AAP项目而被歧视可能不是那么有说服力。工作这事情还是功夫在个人,志向也不同,所以不大好评说。

    学费

    2015-16学费是3884刀/门课,总体来说还是比算性价比比较高。但是有涨价趋势。

    3.

    U Maryland-MPS Applied Economics

    感兴趣的同学可以自己去查下信息。这里不再详细写了。

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托福口语备考之提升分数四大方法

托福口语备考之提升分数四大方法

托福口语备考之提升分数四大方法

要想提高托福口语能力,绝不是一朝一夕的事情,它不仅需要正确而有效的学习方法,还需要付出巨大的努力。

  【掌握纯正的语音和语调】

  提高托福口语能力的第一步,就是尽快掌握一口标准、纯正的语音。有些考生不重视语音,以为差不多就行了,这是错误的。不规范的语音会导致你说的英语别人听不懂,别人说纯正的英语你也听不懂。为了避免这种情况的发生,我们就要把发音练得准确无误。

  除语音之外,语调也十分重要。英语语调主要表现在句子的重音和声调上。语调不同,表达的意思也会发生变化。例如“She is a baby
doctor.”这句话,如果仅重读“baby”这个词,意思是“她是一名儿科医生”;如果同时还重读“doctor”,则表示“她是一名没有经验的医
生”。另外,掌握好连读、弱读、浊化等技巧也是十分重要的。

  【从声音的角度记忆单词】

  对任何事物和概念,我们都可以用两种方式来表达,一种是声音,一种是文字。比如“花”我们可以用单词“flower”来表示,也可以用/
ˈflaʊə(r)/来表示。在记单词的时候,很多考生往往只注重单词的拼写和词义,往往会忽视它的声音形式。这种只停留在“认读—拼写”形式上的记忆单
词的方法,有利于读写,但却不能在听说中派上用场。为了能在听说中运用所需词汇,我们应采取“听觉—发音”法记忆单词,即从声音的角度来记忆单词的方法,
对所记忆的每一个单词都能做到发音正确,在听说中使用该单词时能立即反应出它的英文含义。

  【积累素材,丰富口语表达】

  很多考生认为托福口语很难,总是感觉无话可说,其实很大一部分原因是因为素材积累得不够。要想积累素材首先应该从阅读抓起。通过大量地阅读各种
不同题材的读物,可以开阔视野、扩大知识面、培养良好的语感,形成用英语直接思维的习惯。阅读时,我们会遇到许多地道的英语表达,这时我们应当做一个有心
人,把阅读中的固定搭配和固定句型积累下来,并注意它们具体的使用环境,这样在口语表达时才能运用自如。

  【了解英语的表达习惯】

  我们在口语表达时,要想说出得体、恰当、自然的英语,必须深入了解英语国家的语用习惯。由于中西方的文化不同,在描述上会产生很大的差异。我们
描述东西无外乎把它放在时间和空间两个坐标上去描述。从空间上来说,西方人对空间的描述总是由内及外,由里及表,而中国人正好相反;从时间上来说,中国人
是按照自然的时间顺序来描述的。我们描述一个东西突然停住时,往往最后说的那个地方是最重要的。美国人在时间的描述上先把最重要的东西说出来,然后再说陪
衬的东西,这就是中国人和西方人在时间描述上的巨大差别。

托福口语备考之提升分数四大方法

雅思写作常用句型汇总,你知道了么?

雅思考生们在备考雅思写作的时候要注意积累好的句式表达,注意积累常用句型有利于考生们更好的表达观点。其实只要考生们按照一定解题思路和好的措辞表达,相信考生们就可以取得较为满意的成绩。

雅思写作常用句型汇总,你知道了么?

、雅思写作表示坏处

1. It has more disadvantages than advantages.

2. It is harmful to us.

3. It does us much harm.

、雅思写作表示好处

1. It has the following advantages.

2. It benefits us quite a lot.

3. It is beneficial to us.

4. It does us a lot of good.

5. It is of great benefit to us.

雅思写作常用句型汇总,你知道了么?

、表示变化

1. Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

2. The computer has brought about many changes in education.

3. A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.

、雅思写作表示原因

1. There are three reasons for this.

2. The reason for this is not far to seek.

3. The reason for this is that…

4. We have good reason to believe that…

五、雅思写作表示措施

1. We should take some effective measures.

2. We should do our utmost in doing sth.

3. We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced. with.

、雅思写作表示事实. 现状

1. We cannot ignore the fact that…

2. There is no denying the fact that…

3. No one can deny the fact that…

4. This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

5. However, that’s not the case.

雅思写作常用句型汇总,你知道了么?

也许你还需要了解更多考试资讯,关注成都新航道wechat公众号(cdxhdys),你想知道的所有雅思资讯等你来发现。

澳际澳洲留学:语言内测PK雅思托福语言考试

随着SVVF简化签证框架政策出台,中国学生申请澳洲大部分学校课程,在递交签证申请时,雅思或者托福等语言成绩已经不再是必要的材料。于是澳洲各大学校的语言内测的话题又重新被大家关注和讨论了。对于准备赴澳留学的学生及家长,非常想知道到底是参加雅思托福考试更好,还是参加学校的语言内测好呢?其实这个问题没有一个明确的答案。具体的还是需要根据学生的个人实际情况选择适合自己的一个考试。针对有的学生建议参加雅思或者托福等考试,针对有的学生建议参加学校的语言内测。接下来澳际澳洲留学专家邹春晓老师就家长和学生最关注的几个问题在这做一个简单的说明。

一、受认可范围:通常来说澳洲绝大部分的院校是认可雅思、托福及培生等英语考试成绩。只是在有效期方面有些学校认可两年内的考试成绩,有的学校认可的有效期为一年。语言内测成绩通常是针对某一个学校的语言测试。也就是举个例子,学生如果申请了两所学校,如果选择参加雅思考试,则只需要一个雅思成绩能被两所学校认可。但是如果参加语言内测,就需要分别参加每个学校自己的内测考试。另外,少数学校的语言内测到校后有可能需要再次进行简单考试。以确保内测成绩的真实性。但不排除学校会抽查持有雅思或者托福成绩学生的可能。

二、考试内容:由于学校语言内测通常分为两大类,一类为机考,另外一类为纸考。机考通常也会包含听、说、读、写四大部分的考试,和雅思考试形式类似。纸考一般无口语部分,个别学校的内测有听力部分。内测考试在题目量来说会比较少一些,考试难度方面,据统计,学生的内测考试出来的成绩水平基本和雅思托福等实际成绩持平,没有太大的差别。

三、考试费用:2016年1月1号后雅思考试报名费用为人民币1850元,新的托福网考考试报名费为1761元。都是一笔不小的费用。而报名参加澳洲学校的语言内测考试费用均由学校承担,学生不需要支付任何费用。相比之下,能为学生们省下一笔费用哦。

四、考试地点及时间:托福或者雅思需要在指定的考点进行。而语言内测一般在与澳洲学校有合作的官方代理机构进行,由学校授权的代理顾问进行监考。这点,在一定程度上能够降低学生的紧张度,可能更有利于学生发挥正常的水平,从而获得较为理想的成绩。需要强调的是,内测过程中学生不能使用字典、手机等其他所有相关工具资料,也不能有其他人协助完成考试。需要体现学生的真实语言水平。考试时间方面,雅思或者托福考试需要提前一定时间报名,如果遇上考试高峰时期,可能需要提前一到两个月报名,而且考试后需要半个月的时间才能出成绩。内测考试时间安排比较灵活,可以根据学生的时间进行安排,而且出成绩时间较快,大部分学校可以一周内给出考试结果。所以针对留学办理时间较为紧张的学生,语言内测会是一个比较好的选择。

五、语言搭配:如果学生雅思、托福等成绩符合主课直读要求的话,可以直接进入主课学习而不需要搭配语言课程。但是绝大部分的语言内测成绩是不能直接入读本科、硕士等主课学习的。最少需要搭配5-10周语言。所以针对语言成绩非常好的学生,能够达到主课直读水平的建议参加雅思或者托福考试。

想要了解更加详细的信息,请登录澳际教育官网!

托福抢考位指南

每年的下半年都是托福考位最紧张的时候,很多同学都把考试放在了8-12月。


但面对一位难求的现状,很多考托的同学已经不那么淡定了……偶尔ETS善心大发,来个加场,众生好像看到天上的大饼掉了下来。


然而,故事的结果是:很多同学还没反应过来,或者在不断刷新后,已经显示没了!没了!没了!


托福抢考位指南


好吧!抢考位确实是一件大难事啊!告诉大家几个抢考位的要点,希望对大家有所帮助,不要太感谢我…..


托福抢考位指南


考点



上海、武汉、成都3个城市是考位最难报的地区。一般是考位放出来的瞬间就被秒刷,然后一骑绝尘,连影都追不上!困难之余,大家可以考虑下江浙、北京、广东考区,其中苏州、南京考场无论是环境还是教工态度都可圈可点,考位相对好报。


报名时尽量选择就近报考,如果对于自己的成绩不确定,可以考虑一次性报考2次或2次以上的考试时间。但是在查询考位时,“请不要选择超过2个月份或2个省份”,否则会被报名网站认定为“盲抢”。在选择考场和考位之后查询时,有时有些莫名其妙的错误,这很有可能的情况是你选择的地点太多了,因此查询时,建议一次性选择1个月份1个地区。


时间



一般考前3-10天都会有考位放出。


虽然有时候也会提前半个月或者1-2个月,大批的放出一些考位,但都是随机的,也没有明确的考前3-10天这个时间段了,因此无法预测。至于具体的是考前5天,还是考前2天,要看NEEA的心情,摸不准的。


托福考位放出时间在一天之内也是有章可循。ETS通常会遵守中国时间,在一天当中的8点、9点、中午12点、1点、下午的5点、6点、凌晨1点、2点这几个时间点开始放出考位,放出时长基本维持8个小时。

托福抢考位指南

注意:每天开始放出考位的时间只有一个点。例如,如果8点、9点开始放出考位,则会连续放出8个小时,然后结束当天考位放出;第二天再从8点、9点放出考位,不会在下午的5点、6点继续放出考位。换句话说,只要托福考位开始发放,那么就会连续8个小时,每隔一个小时放出一批新的考位。不出意外情况的话,公休日不放考位,如果该周之内托福考位没有发放完毕,那么下周一开始会继续发放。


按照以前的经验看,ETS多会在一周之内放出准备放出的所有考位。因此,首先要时刻关注何时开始报名,其次在刷新考位的时候,应该在每天的上午8点、9点;中午12点、1点;下午的5点、6点;凌晨1点、2点这几个时间点,仔细查询关注考位放出情况。


坚持



下半年考位都很紧张!如果抢位时间在7月-10月,只要避开上述3个热点城市,考位还是可以有的!若是抢位时间在10月的话,上述3个热点地区完全不用想了,而其他地区的考位则像是春运刷票一样的难,只能靠RP了!11、12月考位接近于不可能!11月可以去香港考,12月,出国考。


临时增加考场



NEEA会临时放出一些加场,但都是随机的,不提前通知。各位只能增加关注度了。


NEEA防机器人机制



简单来说就是如果你快速的进行每一步抢考位操作,就有可能IP被封,因此建议各位在抢考位的每一步都要间隔几秒,特别是当页面出现警告信息的时候!如果继续强行操作,账户会被锁定,1周之后才能解封,所以操作不要太频繁。一旦账户被封,可以拨打NEEA电话010-82345672解封,传真保证书过去,说明情况。


注意:如果刷新网页次数过多,不小心IP被封,可采用先断线,重新拨号上网的方式,或者采用其他浏览器,比如Firefox或者opera的方式继续登录该网站。保险起见,连续两次刷新该托福报名网站的时间间隔应在35秒以上。而且要注意,在浏览器没有明确显示网页失败的时候,最好不要动它,这只是因为网站反应很慢。


信息填写



送分等信息可以不填,只填写强制要求信息,比如说意向留学国家等信息,都可以在考试前进行修改。而且,从2013年开始,只要填写了免费送分的学校,你的成绩就不能申请复议了。


联系信息一定要正确填写。


从2013年开始NEEA不再寄送成绩单到考场,而是直接将你的成绩单快递到你填写的联系信息地址,因此要准确、详细填写中文地址并保证考后2个月内有效。考生个人成绩报告将通过中国邮政EMS快递至此地址(仅限中国大陆地区)。


1、如您的邮寄地址为家庭住址,请详细填写街道名及单元门牌号;


2、如您的邮寄地址为单位地址,请详细填写单位名称及房间号;


3、如您的邮寄地址为学校地址,请详细填写学校名称、院系及班级信息。


如果想修改联系信息,可登录到自己在NEEA的账户之后,点击“我的档案”下面的“更新联系方式”,在这里就可以更新你的联系方式了。


帐号充值



不要等到ETS放出中国大陆托福考试的时间表了,才把托福考试费用充值到NEEA的账户里面。因为放考位的同时充值,根本来不及,银行转账有时候需要5分钟,但时候需要2小时,甚至是24小时,所以为了不影响报名,强烈建议决定报考托福的那一刻就充值进去。


充值的时候,建议不要用谷歌的Chrome和safari浏览器,因为貌似很多银行网站不支持这个浏览器;推荐safari浏览器,很好,傲游浏览器和搜狗浏览器也可以。


最后,托福考试考位报名的时候不要点“考位查询”,最好直接点击“注册考试”,勾上你要的时间和地点,可以同时勾两个,然后点“继续”,因为在这个短短的时间段,很可能你查到的考位到你注册的时候已经被别人抢走了;而再登陆进去,有可能会报错,说“参数错误”之类,千万别急着关闭浏览页面,不必担心,点“后退”,等几秒然后点“继续”。






托福抢考位指南

轻松搞定雅思小作文流程图+地图题,再也不用怕了

流程图比较少考,话说平时一个月必须考一次流程或是地图题。相对其他的类型小作文,很多人会觉得流程图和地图题比较难写,这两天给大家整理了一下这类题的写法。

流程图

流程图6点写作要领:

1. 首先找到流程图的起点,终点,再仔细看过程。所谓流程嘛,肯定有一条线让你写的。

2. 其次找到图上已标出的那些英文单词,如果出现生词,尽量猜测。无词,用自己的语言。进行改写,一般是讲名词改成动词,或反之。

3. 按照步骤,分段描述,千万不能省略任何一步。

4. 句子之间一定记得流畅合理的表示顺序的关联词。要不然就成了一对字的流水账了。

5. 句型可以搭配被动,西方写作中比较中意用被动,以及主语从句(例如:It can be seen from the graph that…)。

6. 时态要使用一般现在时。例文分析1:

轻松搞定雅思小作文流程图+地图题,再也不用怕了

以下就是写作顺序以及词汇案例,大家可以模仿参考以下写作逻辑:

开头:The diagram shows the stages in the process of making chocolate.(所有的小作文第一句话都要用一般现在时。

流程图必备三个词:process整个过程;stage阶段;step步骤)

起点:Chocolate comes from the cacao tree, which is grown in parts of South America, Africa and Indonesia.(开头不能一上来就直接介绍cacao tree,而是通过主题词chocolate引出,否则显得太唐突)

流程图特点之一:介绍过程要使用一般现在时】

流程图特点之二:多多使用定语从句,将有关联的两句话连接。】

流程图特点之三:大量使用被动语态】The tree produces large red pods which contain white cocoa beans.

流程图特点之四:使用一些表示顺序的连接词】when the pods are ripe, they are harvested, the beans are removed and they are fermented for several days in large wooden boxes.(三个句子的并列:“句子A,句子B and 句子C”。)During the fermenting process, the beans turn brown.

流程图特点之五:要适当地添加个别图中没有交代但能从图片中直接读出来的一些内容,否则可能达不到字数要求。但是一定要把握尺度,千万不要加上自己的主观观点,否则会扣分】Next, the brown beans are spread in the sun to dry. They are then put in large sacks and transported by train or lorry. After this, the beans are taken to a chocolate factory where they are roasted in an oven at temperatures of between 250 and 350 degree Celsius.


终点:After being roasted, the beans are crushed and the outer shell is removed. This part is not needed for making chocolate. Finally, the inner part of the bean is pressed and liquid chocolate is produced.

流程图特点之六:一般不需要写总结】

轻松搞定雅思小作文流程图+地图题,再也不用怕了

以下帮大家整理的一些流程图常用表达:

1.雅思流程图的重点词汇解析:

表述时间:

in 10 days

during the period of 10 days

The process lasts for up to 10 days

after 10 days

10 days passed until something happened.

表示然后:then, next, in the next state, following that, after that, the next step in the stage is ….

表示过程:process, procedure, formation, development

表示步骤:step, stage, phase

时间阶段:after a period of …months/days/minutes, during…

顺序连词:first, first of all, in the first stage, initially, to begin withsecond, then, next, alsoafter that, at the same time, in the meantime, meanwhileprior to, untilthe first stage involves … / in the second stage / in the third stage /in the last stage / The next step in the stage is that…

目的连词:in order to / in order that; so as to / so that


2.常见动词:produce生产,lay放置,accumulate积累,gather/collect收集,obtain获得,heat up加热,expand膨胀,bend弯曲,turn off关闭,cool down冷却,disconnect断开连接,spin旋转/纺,strike打击, compress压缩,release释放, expand膨胀, move/flow流动, accelerate加速, form形成, press按压, adjust调整, absorb吸收, form形成, process加工, rotate旋转, chop坎, grind磨(碎)/碾(碎),light点燃, burn燃烧, ignite点燃, reflect反光,turn转,starts开始, stops结束,records录音, turns up调高, turns down调低,winds缠绕, unwinds解开,revolves旋转,fold折叠,unfold打开,reverse颠倒/倒转,adapt适应,adjust调整,alter改变,cure治愈,disappear消失,dissolve溶化/解散,exchange交换,expand扩张/膨胀,fade退色,increase增长,promote促进/升职, reduce减少,renew使更新/使恢复,renovate革新/更新/修复,replace取代,swell肿胀,switch改变,transform完全改变,vary改变,swap交换,shrink收缩,melt溶解,heal/cure治愈,form/come into being/take shape形成,produce生产,gain/get/acquire获取,evaporate蒸发,volatilize挥发,draw提取,recycle回收,extract拔,absorb吸收,collect收集,meet相遇,be made up of由…组成, be made of由…制成,be made from由…制成, feed on以…为食,depend on/rely on依赖,release/send out释放,sort分类,separate分开,conveyed运送,cut into切成,poured into倒入,heated加热,melted into融化成,flows into流入


地图题

地图题写作在很多书上都没有系统的指导,它有别于数据图,构思方面没有数据图那么复杂,但在语言驾驭,很多学生都感到很陌生。地图题分两种,一种为地理变迁题,一种为选址题

首先我们来看地理变迁题,它描述的是一个地方(多为一个城镇)在一段时间的发展变化。如2006年9月A 类 TASK 1, 剑1TEST 4。就这些图形,我们来总结地理变迁题的写作要点。

地图题注意要点:

1 .地图的起始点

2 .方向很重要

3 .认真阅读并尽量记住图中已有的信息

考察点

1 .方向方位路线顺序的把握

2 .相对位置关系的描述和辨别

3 .表方位的词或者词组主要是介词的用法

4 .图中关键词的定位

开始写作注意点:

1)时态,不再像流程图那样锁定是一般现在时

如果地图题反映的是一个地方在过去的一段时间的变化,文章用一般过去时。如果地图题反映的是一个地方在将来一段时间的变化趋势,文章用一般将来时或表“估计”的词汇。如果地图题反映的是一个地方从过去到现在的变化,可用现完成时。

(2)读题:读图标的含义,哪个是铁路,哪个是村庄等等都读明白了。要看清哪个是公路,哪个是铁路。有没有交叉点等等。确定写的顺序,是按变化写还是按位置写,还是两个的综合体。如果是要求描述变化,把明显的变化先划出,最好用词在图旁边描述,确定自己要写几点。句型多用被动语态。

记得用关联的词和句子:

帮大家整理的以下列表达:

be predicted/be expected to do…

It is obvious/notable/noticeableIt is easy to locate/to find that…

It can be seen from the graph that…


A 在B 的东方/西方/南方/北方A is/ lies/ is located/ is situated in/on / to the east/west/south/north of B(in 表A 在B 内部, ON 表A 和B接壤,TO 表A 和B 分开)


A 在B 内部的某个部位

A is in the eastern/ southern/ western/ northern part of B.


A在B 西北部的120 千米处

A lies 120 km to the northwest of B.


A 在B…..角落

A is at/in the south-eastern corner of B ( at 表示A 在B 外部, in表A 在B 内部)


在河流或道路的南边/北边等

On the south/southern side of the riverOn both sides of the roadOn the other side


临近马路的地区

The area adjacent to/ near /next to/ just off the road


在道路或河流的最南端

At the southern end of the river


A 在B 的对面

A is on the opposite side of BA is opposite B


A 在B 东部的边界上(A 在B外部)

A is on the eastern border of B


A 在B 东部边缘上 (A 在B 内部)

A is on/ along the eastern edge of B

纵观历次雅思地图题写作,不难发现无非两位置方案的二选一或“某处事物新旧变迁的过程描述”两种。请注意,一定不要忘了要结合地图中所体现的“人文与地理环境”进行相互的“比较与对比”,且体现“比对结果”;而这里的比对,前者是“横向比对”,强调各自“优缺点比对”,后者则是“纵向比对”,强调“新旧变化”。解题思路有了,那么剩下的是语言上的事情了。在语言上,请你注意以下几个方面:首先平时要多积累表示“方位、比对、变化”等方面的词汇和句子表达;其次,要注意时态的选择,“二选一”型常用一般现在时态,而“过程描述”型则要视题目而定,往往综合运用一般过去时态、一般现在时态和现在完成时态;

最后,要注意语态的把握,要主动与被动相互结合运用,记住适当被动能给考官好印象,但切忌出现人称代词。

轻松搞定雅思小作文流程图+地图题,再也不用怕了

托福作文满分炼成记

不到一个月时间快上了一百个小时的托福作文课了,见过了形形色色,花花绿绿的各种托福作文。单是今天一天就给五个娃上了八个小时的写作课。


再加上实在招架不住这两天同学们纷纷预约托福的热情,不禁感叹打算考托福的人群数量之庞大。


好啦,等我发GRE的孩子们请别着急,你们不是之后也要考托福吗……先等等……毕竟人单力薄,但一定、一定坚持内容为王,绝对干货,绝对干货,绝对……绝对不辜负大家的期望。


—by 六便士小姐


你会发现,我是一个这么不喜欢说废话、不喜欢花哨排版、不喜欢花花绿绿图片表情的人,我们开始进入正题吧。



其实,本来我是不想给大家介绍托福作文到底怎么考的,因为只要你准备去考托福,一定会知道他综合和独立两个部分的作文,也定然会知道每一部分各自相应的写作要求。


在这里就用一张自己刚刚特地做的图简明扼要地给不明真相的孩子们普及综合写作的基本知识。已经了解了的请自行跳过。


托福作文满分炼成记


其实接下来要写的独立写作我心里很没底,很没底。因为昨天看微信后台赫然出现了好多自己身边的大神、甚至是写作名师的关注,小女子其实内心诚惶诚恐,担心自己班门弄斧,最怕让大家失望。不过,我还是在这样巨大的压力之下开始了。


要想拿到托福作文的高分甚至是满分,要做到的就是对好ETS的胃口,所谓『知己知彼,百战不殆』。


有人可能会忽略甚至轻视,但是你们还记不记得高考之前老师们带着我们钻研考纲的时候,托福也是一样的。25分的作文和30分的作文的差距其实并不一定在于谁的英语多native,谁会的特殊句式特殊用法更多,也并不一定在于谁的单词储备更大,而在于谁更符合ETS的评分标准,谁是他们眼中的满分作文


那么ETS那群奇奇怪怪的人究竟想要看到一篇怎样的文章呢?


他们说了,满分作文的要求如下:


An essay at this level largely accomplished all of the following:


· Effectively addresses the topic and task


· Is well organised and well developed, using clearly appropriate explanations, exemplifications


· Displays unity, progression, and coherence


· Displays consistent facility in the use of language, demonstrating syntactic variety, appropriate word choice, and idiomaticity, though it may have minor lexical or grammatical errors



说人话——


高分段的作文要求:紧扣主题,结构统一紧凑,逻辑性强,有理有据,用词恰当地道,句式多样,允许有极少量语法错误


在大体上,托福的作文要求两方面的能力:逻辑思维能力语言运用能力



· 逻辑思维能力(体现为紧扣主题,结构统一紧凑,逻辑性强,有理有据


段落与段落之间的逻辑说来简单,就是总分(总)的展开方式,但是人们往往忽略掉了段落内部句子与句子的逻辑关系,常出现的问题有三:


  1. 翻来覆去说意思相同的话凑字数;

  2. 所举例子或所用事实同论点没有必然关系;

  3. 段落内部逻辑混乱,因果不清。


上课的时候,虽然我并不喜欢模板,模板大多也是自己即兴而作,但是我一直强调论点+论据的文章展开方式。好处就在于这样的写法出错不仅不会出错,而且逻辑上也满足了上述的大部分条件。当然对于可以自由灵活驾驭英语文章的同学来说可以自由发挥,但是就像随之带来的风险也随之增加。


其实,议论文是一个可以很好体现英语水平和逻辑思维能力的类型。可能有些人会不屑地认为得分高的人就是模板套用的好,或者例子背的好,我在很久之前也一度有过这样的想法。但是当自己考过TOEFL,考过GRE,考过ETS这几大出国考试之后,才发现其实ETS的出题思路其实是一脉相承的。


对于GRE的作文来说,是要求体现出critical thinking(批判性思维)的,但是对于TOEFL来说就没有这一要求,所以托福的作文只需要一边倒地支持或反对一种观点就可以了。但在这其中,critical thinking其实也不是不能够体现。比如在论点的提出上,也可以进行分情况讨论,从个人的角度和社会的角度去分别想支持或反对的论点。



· 语言运用能力(体现为用词恰当地道,句式多样,语法正确)


对于英语基础比较好的同学来说,要注意的可能更多的是逻辑能力上的问题。但是对于英语基础一般或薄弱的同学来说,语言能力则或较大程度地影响得分的高低。


能不能灵活正确使用多种句式或结构:调句,倒装句,非谓语动词,名词性从句,形式宾语等等。


这些高中的基础语法知识对于一大部分人来说并不陌生(尤其是对于很多关注我的大附中的学霸们以及香港的同学们),但是要一定要记得句式的变换。


不要每次想到强调句都是It is +that,动词加do也可以表示强调,倒装也可以表示强调。


另外,长短句结合。昨天刚刚有人批评了我写了太多的文字,没有图片,说看着会累。(我承认是事实,但不一定会改。)


同样,每个句子都是四五十个单词固然能够体现出对于英语语法的拿捏,读者在阅读起来也会觉得难懂。毕竟追求GRE中的长难句并不是托福写作的要求之一。



托福写作的逻辑能力和语言能力的考察先说到这里啦,用不了多久还会回到这个托福专题的,等着我哟。


接下来还会有更多关于GRE填空的题目、阅读的做题方法、题型分析介绍、不同学科阅读文章的题目举例,以及填空的各种开挂方法、GRE作文的写作套路、以及重点单词的介绍等等等等等。


想看更多的内容,想更多的了解六便士小姐,欢迎继续关注,欢迎后台勾搭


不出意外,每工作日晚八点到十二点之间不定时,和你不见不散。


下期预告

<GRE填空II—单词之外>



六便士GRE

托福作文满分炼成记

六便士小姐:英语教书匠丨半路媒体人

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托福作文满分炼成记

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启德考培:2016年7月30日雅思考题回顾

2016年7月30日的雅思考试已经结束,回顾这场考试,启德考培老师对雅思考题进行了一个梳理和总结,并为大家复习备考提供一些建议,希望大家在下半年的“屠鸭”之路上能够顺利前行。

参加7月30日雅思考试的童鞋们,雅思考情回顾不要错过哦,快快收藏起来吧。

启德考培:2016年7月30日雅思考题回顾

听力部分

Section 版本号 场景 题型
One V110312 医疗 填空10

1. Full name:Richard

2. Address: 27 Station Road,Marton

3. The position of the pain: now he has pain in his lower back(which make him couldn’t sleep in the night) Telephone No.: xxxxxxxx

4. How did he get hurt: lifting up a heavy box

5. The first suggestion: treatments with pain killers

6. The second suggestion: treatments with aspirin and

7. Date of Birth: 25 February, 1975

8. History: when did the pain start to hurt .since 3 days ago

版本B 4 years ago

9. When did it get worse most recently: today afternoon

版本B Doctor’s suggestion: don’t use stick

10. Doctor’s suggestion: do regular exercises

Section 版本号 场景 题型
Two V121124 旅游 单选3、填空4,配对3

11-13 multiple choice

11.Where is the information board?

A. Reception desk/in the village. B inside the cottage C. On the beach

12.Which sport should be booked in advance?

A. Xxx B. Water-skiing C windsurfing

13.Ticket includes”

A shoes B a map of cave C safety helmet

14-17 completion:

14.Xxx be recommended for families outside traveling to safari park

15.Children are permitted to feed animals

16.Red kangaroo is larger than a person

17.Crocodile/koala can live at least 50 years

18-20 matching

游客可以在inland region 做的事情

18.Buy some souvenirs

19.Visit farms

20.Visit cheese production

Section 版本号 场景 题型
Three 学术讨论 配对5, 单选5

21-25 multiple choices

21. Both students agreed with that 为什么那个雕塑奇形怪状的

Greenstone is too hard to be carved (regularly)

22. Why few greenstone was found in archaeological sites

A. It has few introduction

B. It was stolen by tomb raider

C. The owner take care of them

23. New Zealanders used this stone to

A . The most important art style

B. Communicating with their ancestors

C. Maori think it an object cannot be owned by any person

24. What are the distinctions between two types of main hei-m(雕塑)

A. Head size ratio to other parts

B. Xxxhead type

C. The right leg

25. New Maori stone can be recognized because

A . Greenstones’ style

B. Regular hole and the chord

C. Stylize….

26-30 matching

A.Polish stone eyes

B.End

C.Smooth

D.Form the shape

E.Clean the greenstone

F.Bond it together

26. Sand-E. Form the shape of chord clean

27. Stitch and string-A used for cave details

28. Bark-C

29. Was x–B make eyes shining

30. Stone-G use this tool to connect its head and body

Section 版本号 场景 题型
Four 110310 IT 科技对教育界的帮助, 一个学校IT 学员引入新的模式 填空10

31. First of all, use email failed to interact with each other

32. Great relationship with local economy

33. Mainly apply computer teaching method

Advantages

34. enjoy communication with this new mode

35. Build up (gain )greater confidence

36. More flexibleapproaches

37. Offer newmaterials

38. New solutions to new problems

39. Develop time management skills

40. Subsidies the student’s supplement of income

启德考培:2016年7月30日雅思考题回顾

阅读部分

Passage 题材 题目 题型
One 天文地理类 Timekeeper Containing information 5; Y/N/NG5; Summary5

Timekeeper

Invention of Marine Chronometer

A It was, as DavaSobel has described a phenomenon: ’the greatest scientific problem of the age ’. The reality was that in the 18th century no one had ever made a clock that could suffer the great rolling and pitching of a ship and the large changes in temperature whilst still keeping time accurately enough to be of any use. Indeed, most of the scientific community thought such clock impossibility. Knowing one’s position on the earth requires two very simple but essential coordinates; rather like using a street map where one thinks in terms of how far one is up/down and how far side to side.

B The longitude is a measure of how far around the world one has come from home and has no naturally occurring base line like the equator. The crew of a given ship was naturally only concerned with how far round they were from their own particular home base. Even when in the middle of the ocean, with no land in sight, knowing this longitude position is very simple in theory. The key to knowing how far around the world you are from home is to know, at that very moment, what time it is back home. A comparison with your local time (easily found by checking the position of the Sun) will then tell you the time difference between you and home, and thus how far round the Earth you are from home.

C Up until the middle of the 18th century, navigation had been unable to determine their position at sea with accuracy and they faced the huge attendant risks of shipwreck or running out of supplies before reaching their destination. The angular position of Moon and other bright stars was recorded in three-hour intervals of Greenwich Time. In order to determine longitude, sailors had to measure the angle between Moon center and a given star- lunar distance – together with height of both planets using the naval sextant. The sailors also had to calculate the Moon’s position if seen from the center of Earth. Time corresponding to Greenwich Time was determined using the nautical almanac. Then the difference between the obtained time and local time served for calculation in longitude from Greenwich The great flaw in this ‘smiple’theory was- how does the sailor know time back home when he is in the middle of an ocean?

D The obvious and again simple answer is that he takes an accurate clock with him, which he sets to home time before leaving. All he has to do is keep it wound up and running, and he must never reset the hands throughout the voyage. This clock then provides ‘home time’, so if, for example, it is midday on board your ship and your ‘home time’clock says that at that same moment it is midnight at home, you know immediately there is a twelve hour time-difference and you must be exactly round the other side of the world, 180 degrees of longitude from home.

E After 1714 when the British government offered the huge sum of $20,000 for a solution to the problem, with the prize to be administered by the splendidly titled Board of Longitude. The Government prize of $20,000 was the highest of three sums on offer for varying degrees of accuracy, the full prize only payable for a method that could find the longitude at sea within a degree. If the solution was to be by timekeeper (and there were other methods since the prize was offered for any solution to the problem), then the timekeeping required to achieve this goal would have to be within 2.8 seconds a day, a performance considered impossible for any clock at sea and unthinkable for a watch, even under the very best conditions.

F It was this prize, worth about £2 million today, which inspired the self-taught Yorkshire carpenter, John Harrison, to attempt a design for a practical marine clock. During the latter part of his early career, he worked with his younger brother James. Their first major project was a revolutionary turret clock for the stables at Brocklesby Park, seat of the Pelham family. Theclock was revolutionary because it required no lubrication. 18th century clock oils were uniformly poor and one of the major causes of failure in clocks of theperiod. Rather than concentrating on improvements to the oil, Harrison designed a clock which didn’t need it. In 1730 Harrison created a description and drawings for a proposed marine clock to compete for the Longitude Prize andwent to London seeking financial assistance. He presented his ideasto Edmond Halley, the Astronomer Royal. Halley referred him to George Graham, the country’s foremost clockmaker. He must have been impressedby Harrison, for Graham personally loaned Harrison money to build a model of his marine clock. It took Harrison five years to build Harrison Number Oneor HI. He demonstrated it to members of the Royal Society who spoke on his behalf to the Board of Longitude. The clock was thefirst proposal that the Board considered to be worthy of a sea trial.

G After several attempts to design a betterment of H1, Harrison believed that the solution to the longitude problem lay in an entirely different design. H4 is completely different from the other three timekeepers. It looks like a very large pocket watch. Harrison’s son William set sail for the West Indies, with H4, aboard the ship Deptford on 18 November 1761. It was a remarkable achievement but it would be some time before the Board of Longitude was sufficiently satisfied to award Harrison the prize.

H John Hadley, an English mathematician, developed sextant, who was a competitor of Harrison at that time for the luring prize. A sextant is an instrument used for measuring angles, for example between the sun and the horizon, so that the position of a ship or aeroplane can be calculated. Making this measurement is known as sighting the object, shooting the object, or taking a sight and it is an essential part of celestial navigation. The angle, and thetime when it was measured, can be used to calculate a position line on a nautical or aeronautical chart. A sextant can also be used to measure the Lunar distance between the moon and another celestial object (e.g., star, planet) in order to determine Greenwich time which is important because it can then be used to determine the longitude.

I The majority within this next generation of chronometer pioneers were English, but the story is by no means wholly that of English achievement. OneFrench name, Pierre Le Roy of Paris, stands out as a major presence in theearly history of the chronometer. Another great name in the story is that of the Lancastrian, Thomas Earnshaw, a slightly younger contemporary of John Arnold’s. It was Earnshaw who created the final form of chronometer escapement, the spring detent escapement, and finalized the format and the production system for the marine chronometer, making it truly an article of commerce, and a practical means of safer navigation at sea over the next century and half.

Questions 1-5

The reading Passage has ten paragraphs A-J.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter A-J, in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.

1 introduction of a millman under awards

2 the definition of an important geographical term

3 arival against Harrison’s invention emerged

4 problems of sailor encountered in identifying the position on the sea

5 economic assist from another counterpart

Questions 6-8

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1

In boxes 6-8 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the sataement agrees with the information

FALSE if the statement contradicts the information

NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

6 It is with no great effort by sailors to calculate the position when in the center

of the ocean.

7 To determine the longitude, a measurement of distance from moon to a given

star is a must.

8 In theory, by calculating the longitude degrees covered by a sail journey, the

distance between the start and the end points can be obtained.

Questions 9-13 Summary

Complete the following summary of the paragraphs of Reading Passage, using no more than two words from the Reading Passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 9-13 on your answer sheet.

Hundred years ago,sailors tried to identify their time by checking the sun or stars, butthe trouble was that they did need a reliable clock which showed time of 9And the timekeeper required would be to precisely tell a tangible time lapse confined to 10 : An extraordinary craftsman, Harrison, once created a novel clock which did not rely on 11 to work properly. Later on, competitive mode of12 was another prominent device designed by Hadley, which calculated angle between sun and the earth. Base on Harrison’s effort,Earns haw eventually implement key components for 13 which had been used ever since.

启德考培:2016年7月30日雅思考题回顾

Answers.

1. F

2. B

3. H

4. C

5. F

6. YES

7. NO

8. NOT GIVEN

9. home time

10. 2.8s

11. oil

12. sextant

13. marine chronometer

Passage 题材 题目 题型
Two 环境类 澳洲新能源 暂无

文章大意:

澳洲的三家公司在尝试用其他能源来代替煤,开发其他新能源。尝试利用地下资源岩石、太阳能等新型能源。在发展其他产业和经济的同时,促进新能源的有效利用。同时介绍了使用新能源的未来展望。

Passage 题材 题目 题型
Three 生物类 Honey Bees in Troubles T/F/NG 4, multiple choice 5, sentence matching 5

Honey Bees in Trouble

Can native pollinators fill the gap?

Recently, ominous headlines have described a mysterious ailment, colony collapse disorder (CCD), which is wiping out the honeybees that pollinate many crops. Without honey bees, the story goes, fields will be sterile, economics will collapse, and food will be scarce.

But what few accounts acknowledge is that what’s at risk is not itself a natural state of affairs. For one thing, in the United States, where CCD was first reported and has had its greatest impacts, honeybees are not a native species. Pollination industry has been somewhere between 2.5 million and 3 million in recent years. Meanwhile, American Farmers began using large quantities of organophosphate insecticides, planted large-scale crop monocultures, and adopted ‘clean farming ’practices that scrubbed native vegetation form field margins and roadsides. These practices killed many native bees outright —- they’re as vulnerable to insecticides as any agricultural pest — and made the agricultural landscape inhospitable to those that remained. Concern about these practices and their effects on pollinators isn’t new, in her 1962 ecological alarm cry Silent Spring, Rachel Carson warmed of a ‘Fruitless Fall’ that could result from the disappearance of insect pollinators.

If that ‘Fruitless Fall’ has not yet occurred, it may be largely thanks to the honeybee, which farmers turned to as the ability of wild pollinators to service crops declined. The honeybee has been semi-domesticated since the time of the ancient Egyptians, but it wasn’t just familiarity that determined this choice: the bees’ biology is in many ways suited to the kind of agricultural system that was emerging. For example, honeybee hives can be closed up and moved out of the way when pesticides are applied to a field. The bees are generalist pollinators, so they can be used to pollinate many different crops. And although they are not the most efficient pollinator of every crop, honeybees have strength in numbers, with 20,000 to 100,000 bees living in s single hive. ‘Without a doubt, if there was one bee you wanted for agriculture, it would be the honeybee,’ says Jim Cane, of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The honeybee, in other words, has become a crucial cog in the modern system of industrial agriculture. That system delivers more food, and more kinds of it, to more places, more cheaply than ever before. But that system is also vulnerable, because making a farm field into the photosynthetic equivalent of a factory floor, and pollination into a series of continent-long assembly lines, also leaches out some of the resilience characteristic of natural ecosystems.

Breno Freitas, an agronomist in Brazil, pointed out that in nature such a high degree of specialization usually is a very dangerous game: it works well while all the rest is in equilibrium, but runs quickly to extinction at the least misbalance. In effect, by developing an agricultural system that is heavily reliant on a single pollinator species, we humans have become riskily overspecialized. And when the human-honeybee relationship is disrupted, as it has been by colony collapse disorder, the vulnerability of that agricultural system begins to become clear.

In fact, a few wild bees are already being successfully managed for crop pollination. ‘The problem is trying to provide native bees in adequate numbers on a reliable basis in a fairly short number of years in order to service the crop,’ Jim Cane says, ‘You’re talking millions of flowers per acre in a two-to-three-week time frame, or less, for a lot of crops.’ On the other hand, native bees can be much more efficient pollinators of certain crops than honeybees, so you don’t need as many to do the job. For example, about 750 blue orchard bees pollinate a hectare of apples or almonds, a task that would require roughly 50,000 to 150,000 honeybees. There are bee tinkerers engaged in similar work in many comers of the world. In Brazil, BrenoFreitas has found that Centristariats, the native pollinator of wild cashew, can survive in commercial cashew orchards if growers provide a source of floral oils, such as by interpolating their cashew trees with Caribbean cherry.

In certain places, native bees may already be doing more than they’re getting credit for. Ecologist Rachael Winfree recently led a team that looked at pollination of four summer crops (tomato, watermelon, pepper, and muskmelon) at 29 farms in the region of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Winfree’s team identified 54 species of wild bees that visited these crops, and found that wild bees were the most important pollinators in the system, even though managed honeybees were present on many of the farms, wild bees were responsible for 62 percent of flower visits in the study. In another study focusing specifically on watermelon, Winfree and her colleagues calculated that native bees alone could provide sufficient pollination at 90 percent of the 23 farms studied. By contrast, honeybees alone could provide sufficient pollination at only 78 percent of farms.

‘The region I work in is not typical of the way most food is produced,’ Winfree admits. In the Delaware Valley, most farms and farms fields are relatively small, each farmer typically grows a variety of crops, and farms are interspersed with suburbs and other types of land use which means there are opportunities for homeowners to get involved in bee conservation, too. The landscape is a bee-friendly patchwork that provides a variety of nesting habitat and floral resources distributed among different kinds of crops, weedy field margins, fallow fields, suburban neighborhoods, and semi natural habitat like old woodlots, all at a relatively small scale. In other words, ‘pollinator-friendly’ farming practices would not only aid pollination of agricultural crops, but also serve as a key element in the overall conservation strategy for wild pollinators, and often aid other wild species as well.

Of course, not all farmers will be able to implement all of these practices. And researchers are suggesting a shift to a kind of polyglot agricultural system. For some small-scale farms, native bees may indeed be all that’s needed. For larger operations, a suite of managed bees- with honeybees filling the generalist role and other, native bees pollinating specific crops – could be augmented by free pollination services form resurgent wild pollinators. In other words, they’re saying, we still have an opportunity to replace a risky monoculture with something diverse, resilient, and robust.

Question 27-30 Yes/ No/ Not Given

27. In the United States, farmers use honeybees in a large scale over the past few years.

28. Clean farming practices would be harmful to farmers’ health.

29. The blue orchard bee is the most efficient pollinator for every crop.

30. It is beneficial to other local creatures to protect native bees.

参考答案:Y, NG, N, Y

Questions 31-35

Choose the correct letter: A, B, C or D.

31. The example of the ‘Fruitless Fall’ underlines the writer’s point about

A needs for using pesticides.

B impacts of losing insect pollinators

C vulnerabilities of native bees

D benefits in building more pollination industries

32. Why can honeybees adapt to the modern agricultural system?

A The honeybees can pollinated more crops efficiently.

B The bees are semi-domesticated since ancient times.

C Honeybee hive can be protected from pesticides.

D The ability of wild pollinators using to serve crops declines.

33. The writer mentions factories and assembly lines to illustrate

A one drawback of the industrialized agricultural system

B a low cost in modern agriculture.

C the role of honeybees in pollination

D what a high yield of industrial agriculture.

34. In the sixth paragraph, Winfree’s experiment proves that

A honeybees can pollinate various crops

B the adoption of different bees in various sizes of agricultural system

C the comparison between the intensive and the rarefied agricultural system

D the reason why farmers can rely on native pollinators

参考答案:

B/C/A/D/B

Questions 36-40

Complete each sentence with the correct ending.

A native pollinators can survive when a specific plant is supplied.

B it would cause severe consequences to both commerce and agriculture.

C Honeybees can not be bred.

D some agricultural landscapes are favorable in supporting wild bees.

E a large scale of honeybees are needed to pollinate.

F an agricultural system is fragile when relying on a single pollinator.

36. Headlines of colony collapse disorder state that

38. Viewpoints of Freitas manifest that

39. Centristarsats is mentioned to exemplify that

40. One finding of the research in Delaware Valley is that

参考答案:B/F/E/A/D

写作部分

Task 图表类型 题目
One 曲线图 英国各地区高质量河水的情况

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Task 题型类别 作文话题 题目
Two 观点题 教育类 Some people think that the government should decide the subject for students to study in university. Others believe that students should be allowed to apply for the subject they prefer. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

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托福考试团:托福阅读的五种重要提示词

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一、表示信息相同

and, moreover, furthermore, what’s more, in addition, that, then, also, and also, else, likewise…

当大家看到这些提示词的时候,需要意识到句子前后的关系是并列、相近、或更进一步的,此时阅读速度无需减慢。

二、表示因果关系

because, for, for this reason, so, as, since, by virtue of, due to, owing to, therefore, consequently, as a consequence, thus, hence…

当大家看到这些提示词的时候,需要正确认识到句子间的因果关系。

三、表示叙述顺序

first, second, third, then, finally, to begin with, first of all, in the first place, and so on, last, next, above all, last but not the least, after, before, afterward…

掌握好这些提示词,就能把握住作者的叙述顺序,理清每一个论据。

托福考试团:托福阅读的五种重要提示词

四、表示思路转折

although, even though, however, but, on the contrary, in spite of, despite, otherwise, nevertheless, yet…

看到这些提示词,就表明出现了完全不同信息的迹象。在阅读时,要格外注意,一旦出现这些词,就需要放慢阅读的速度,从而透彻地理解作者的意图。

五、表示总结归纳

as a result, finally, in short, in conclusion, in a nutshell, in brief, in a word, to summarize, on the whole…

这些词(组)的出现需要引起大家的关注,它们不仅仅引出总结/归纳的内容,也是提示核心信息的关键。

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托福听力:如何挽救你做题的正确率?

托福听力是托福四项科目中比较难以提高的一项,首先是因为对词汇的要求较高,考生不仅需要背会基础词汇和学科基础词汇,还要能在文章中听到单词后瞬间反应出含义,理解上下文意思,但大部分考生平时背单词的习惯和这种对单词读音的快速反应能力要求是不相符的,因为大家都习惯看单词,而不是听单词。

其次,单词掌握了以后,还要具备理解句子的能力,在托福听力正常语速下要提取出句子的主干信息,或者通过上下文推知句子的信息。最后,还要具备对段落和篇章信息梳理的能力,要对考点信息有预判和定位,熟悉托福听力的出题点。

如果以上三项基础能力都很扎实,那么恭喜,你已经具备了托福听力通关的基础实力,但这只是拿到理想分数的第一步,更重要的是如何把题目做对,这才是我们接下来要讨论的重点。

很多考生会想,我把材料听懂了,做对题不是水到渠成的事情吗?不完全对,且不说听到、听懂、听准材料信息这三个状态在做题的时候是完全不同的体验,即便听准信息了,也会受到干扰选项的影响,ETS在设计托福听力正确选项和干扰选项时有一套科学严谨的方法,不能因为是形式简单的选择题而掉以轻心。



最近遇到一个学员案例来和大家分享,学员的词汇和语法能力已经足够理解材料,而且基本能够复述出主要信息,所以理解材料基本是没有问题的,但是做题的正确率较低,通过让学员讲述自己选择答案的过程,发现学员做题时有些思路方面的错误,比如学员看到题目时会自己先设想一个“标准”答案,然后用四个选项去匹配自己设想出来的答案,一旦发现匹配不上,就会“将就”着选择自己听到的单词,很容易跳入干扰选项的陷阱,因为听力材料中经常会拿原文出现过的单词做干扰选项。



又比如,托福听力中有一个固定题目叫主旨题,学员在选主旨题的答案时,会倾向于选择含有自己印象中比较突出的词或表述的那个选项,没有完整理解选项整体的含义,而一个正确的主旨题答案,必须是一个能包含文章各个部分内容的选项,即概括任何一个部分都适用,而且选定主旨题的答案后,最好双向检验,如果自己选择的是正确答案,那么按照该选项文章结构和逻辑应该是怎样的,是否与自己听到的材料相符。


听力考试其实是对语言综合能力的考察,这里的综合是指在听力的过程中我们需要调动的大脑资源,不简简单单是“听”,更多的是“力”,理解力,想象力,记忆力,推理能力,以及分析题目和选项的能力,等等。

有些考生看似能轻松把答案选对,实际上是这些综合实力在他身上发挥作用的体现,而有些考生觉得自己长期陷入难以提分的瓶颈,其实可能在某一环节存在短板,只有找准问题的关键,针对问题制定解决方案,才能挽救自己做题的正确率,才能离好分数越来越近。

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