IELTS听力横听笔记场景-相貌

描述人物相貌特征的场景,即相貌场景是IELTS的一个考点,这个考点仅出现在Section1中,根据统计结果,在过去已经考过的Version中,有3个Version考到了相貌场景,它们分别是:Version 23的Section 1; Version 25的Section 1; Version 31的Section 1。下面首先介绍一下这三个Version的具体考点:

Version 23: 两名强盗抢劫了一位老妇人,证人向警察描述两个罪犯的特征,证人描述the young thief was 17 years old, curly black hair, tall and slim,whereas the elder thief was 35 years old, the distinguished feature was a small scar in his chin.

Version 25: Alex向一个男孩描述她的祖母:Alex’s grandmother came from Russia and she was a dancer,her appearance was blond hair and beautiful.

Version 31: 要求考生选出一个男生的特征,文章说他wear glasses and with beard and moustache

这个考点常见的题型为填空题和选择题(包括文字选择和图形选择)。为了在这部分上不失分,考生一定要熟悉常见的描述人物相貌特征的词汇以及常用的表达方式。主要的特征类别包括年纪、体型、面部特征、头发、着装等。下面分别对这些类别加以描述。

年纪:young(年轻的),old(年长的), years old(岁数)

体型:tall(高),high(高),short(矮), small (矮小的),fat(胖),stocky(结实的),slim(瘦的), thin(瘦的),slender(苗条的),medium-built(中等身材的)。Beautiful(漂亮的), 170 centimeters tall(读作one metre seventy-five,170cm高)。同时大家应记住这些词合理的组合方式,比如tall and slim,不应该是short and slim。

面部特征: beard(下巴上的胡子)and moustache(上唇的胡子),clean-shaven(胡子刮得很干净),dimple(酒窝), scar(疤痕),chin(下巴)。注意这些词的相互搭配。比如a small scar in his chin。常佩戴的东西有jewelry(珠宝),hat(帽子)和glasses(眼镜)。

头发:curly black hair(卷曲的黑色头发), blond hair(金发), pigtail(辫子), wavy hair(卷发), straight hair(直发), short hair(短发), long hair(长发), spiky hair(短而直的头发)。

着装: formal dress(正式的服装):suit and tie(西装领带),casual dress(非正式的服装):jeans and T shirts(牛仔裤T恤衫),loose clothes(宽松的服装),tight clothes(紧身服),shirt(男式衬衫),女裙(skirt),white(白色),dark(黑色),black(黑色),light(浅色)。

注意:在描述一个人的特征时,大部分场合是用肯定句直接陈述出来的,但有时会用一些语气和否定句来表达前后之间的变化,听的时候一定要小心。比如下面的例句:

问题:What does Bill look like now?

文本:You’ve changed since this photo! What happened to your beard and moustache? And you’re not wearing glasses either.

大家首先应该听到这句话的关键词changed,接下来的一句话What happened to your beard and moustache? 说明Bill已经没有胡子了;而And you’re not wearing glasses either,是一个否定句,他也不戴眼镜了,考生应该能够听出not这个词,此外either也是否定句的一个标志。根据这两个特征即可选出正确答案。

IELTS听力横听笔记–动物场景

IELTS听力横听笔记

总述

IELTS考试的动物场景出现在section 2和section 4这两个monologues中,尽管我们把这个场景归类于section 4的Academic English中,但在Survial English的section 2中也会出现,区别在于section 2重点描述的不是动物本身的特性,而仅是整个zoo(动物园)导游过程的一部分,例如V24的section 2主题是一个女人谈她参观4个zoo之后的感受,要求填写rare lion和elephant这两种动物;V33的section 2主题是介绍一个zoo的布局, 涉及到动物的关键词汇是稀有动物的种类(species in rare animal area),包括rare fish,goats, horses and hens,但新题V38的section 2主题为wild zoo,部分内容有点与section 4的风格类似,考点有red kangaroo(红袋鼠)的身高和crocodile(鳄鱼)的寿命。

应试策略

与TOEFL考试相比,IELTS考试涉及到的动物种类要少得多,其专业性也低得多。因此准备动物场景的第一个基本要求是对一些常见的动物名称熟练掌握,包括它们的发音、拼写以及最基本的生理特征和生活习性,特别是澳大利亚的一些最具特色的动物,例如sheep, red kangaroo, koala, crocdile, dolphin, falcon, bat, ostrich, 这些动物有的已经在IELTS考试中出现过了,有的还未出现。掌握这些动物的基本知识,特别是中国很少见到的一些动物,有助于提高大家的听力理解能力。例如V38考到的red kangaroo(红袋鼠),如果考生对这种动物没有一点了解,以为它象老鼠那么大,就不能有效地预测听力中的内容,从而对 it is higher than a person 的说法持有怀疑态度,错失良机。

由于目前IELTS听力的模拟试题中很少涉及动物方面,因此建议大家有时间的话看一下Discovery有关动物方面的光盘,其中就有IELTS已经考过的动物。此外,海南的旅游卫视每天晚上10:00~11:00有一个从英国引进的节目“玩转地球”,英国口音,中文字幕,对于练习听力以及掌握一些动物的习性非常有好处。

雅思范文–是否应将动物关在动物园里

Zoos are sometimes seen as necessary but poor alternative to a natural   environment. Is it necessary to keep animals in zoos?

In the modern society, zoos are almost indispensable places in large cities for people to visit. In some large zoos, there are various animals from space to sea, and from primitive invertebrates to advanced and intelligent mammals. In the zoos, all animals, including those rare animals, such as panda, Africa elephant, and North-East tiger, could enjoy good care and protection away from any hurt. However, along with the stronger natural environmental protection consciousness, many people think that to put animals into small cages will change their living instincts, and therefore break the ecological balance.

Viewed from the basic relations between animals and human beings, animals should have the equal freedom with human beings. They are all forms of life. Animals have their own living instinct, and it is this instinct that forms the biological chain of the Earth. This relation is called “Ecological Balance” academically. For example, insect—bird—snake. If most birds in a region are killed and locked into cages by human beings, the pests will eat out all crops, and snakes will lose a large part of food (bird)-resources, therefore leading to starvation and death.

This opinion sounds ideal theoretically. However in reality, human beings and other animals cannot stay together peacefully on the Earth. Because of human beings’ lust for fortune, many valuable animals are killed or sold, especially those endangered species. Therefore, zoos appear as an active way for people to protect those poor animals. First, this is an action not only for animals but also for human being itself. Once the biological chain is broken, human beings will be punished inevitably. Next, zoos can serve a purpose of educating and entertaining people, narrowing the distance between human beings and animals. Last, zoos can be a scientific study center to rescue more endangered spices and make animals better serve people’s need.

The key point of this topic is freedom or protection. In my opinion, those two aspects can be unified. It is necessary to keep animals in zoos for the purpose of protection, teaching and study. Let’s think it further, the purpose of all these actions is to make animals live happier, therefore, maintain the ecological balance, hence protect our own living environment.

雅思范文– 因病住院,写表扬信表扬医护人员医德等

你因病住院,写表扬信,表扬医护人员的医德,服务,环境卫生

Dear Sir:

I am a business man from America, and my name is David Smith. Last month it was the first time that I traveled to Beijing for business, signing a contract with a Chinese food company. Unfortunately I got a bad flu and then had a fever. I was sent to your hospital. Because my temperature was nearly 40 degree centigrade, I was asked to be in hospital. I worried about my business and the delay of signing the contact would lead to great losses to my company. However, After the doctors’ careful treatment and nurses’ patient care, I was recovered only in 4 days.

I completed the negotiation with the food company smoothly and signed the contract on time finally. So I sincerely appreciate all the staffs in your hospital who helped me full-heatedly. I was deeply impressed by the kind doctors and nurses, the pleasant and comfortable environment, and considerate services. I have no relatives and friends in Beijing, but I felt at home in your hospital. I will always remember all those warmhearted persons and your hospital in my heart.

Best wishes to you all!

Faithfully yours,

David Smith

雅思范文–Children learn by observing the behavior of adults

Children learn best by observing the behavior of adults and copying it.

The Process of growing up is very complex for children. Among countless factors that influence children’s growth, the behavior of adults plays a significant role in shaping children’s inclination and character. After the baby is born, the first and the nearest adults are his/her parents. Although the baby is just slur pronunciation, the little baby has started to learn from their parents by observing and copying the adults’ talk. This learning environment is important for the babies.

There is a special case reported by the press. A baby was abandoned when she was born. A sow fed her as a piglet. When she was about eight years old, some villagers found her, her intelligence was just similar to the two-year old baby and all of her behaviors were looked like a pig. From this case, we know child is a “mirror” which will reflect the behavior of the closet adults.

Along with the children’s growth, adults will influence them much more, such as logical thinking, making decision, cooperation with others, etc.. The behavior of adults can give children both good and bad influence. Most of the behaviors represent adults’ inclination. For instance, if media report chiefly on the shadow side of the society, children will easily incline to violence and excessive sex. Therefore, they will be infected with bad mental state.

Behavior is a direct and convincing method to teach children. Things are easier said than done. Parents always tell children those principles repeatedly, but most children can not accept it through these boring method. Adults’ behavior is the most effective education method to let them observe the whole process of how to deal with the problems. The children will learn from you naturally.

Children are like young trees, they need to be carefully irrigated, fertilized and trimmed. Your behavior will be greatly helpful to shape them into useful talents

雅思范文–评论:阅读对教育重要,应鼓励孩子读任何资料

Writes an essay, considering and assessing arguments for and against the following view: As reading is important for a good education, we should encourage our children to read whatever appeals to them.

The famous English philosopher Francis Bacon said, “Reading makes a full man”. Reading books can strongly shape you inclination, mature your thoughts, widen you horizon and enrich your personality. Life is limited, but knowledge is boundless. The more books we read, the more knowledge we get. Hence, We should encourage our children to read more books.

However, books can also be harmful, particularly the pornographic books. Bad books contain evil thoughts. In them, there might be much description about violence, superstition, and sex. Let’s suppose that you are in the position of a parent. Would you allow your children to read whatever appeals to them? If your answer to the question is “yes”, you are either extremely permissive or just plain irresponsible. If children read bad books, the evil thoughts would poison their mind gradually. They will be dispirited and perhaps commit a crime.

Good books, on the other hand, teach and help children to do good things. Good books are children’s real companions, and they are both instructive and inspiring. Children know past events from history books, study communication by language book, learn space and numbers through mathematics books. In a word, different kinds of good books can give them a large amount of ideas and knowledge.

Consequently, those who read good books can be inspired to grow healthily, while those who read bad ones will lead a wicked life and meet with miserable failure. So before we encourage our children to read books, we should teach and help them to identify good and bad books.

雅思范文–父母是否应该花更多的时间同子女在一起

In China, both of the parents have their jobs. With the development of economy, people tend to pursue high quality living conditions. Most of the parents try their best to offer their children comfortable circumstances, but they seldom have time to stay with their children. In my point of view, no matter how busy they are, they should make the best use of their time to stay with their children.

First, the love between children and adults will be improved by spending more time on their children. Children could feel parents’ affection through the genial conversation and sharing their pleasure with them. Every time when parents take them to amusement park, help them to prepare their birthday parties, applaud for them when they are competing in the sports meeting, the time they spend with children will become treasure in their memories.

Second, children need the direction from their parents. There are some wrong behaviors in our society such as dishonesty, corruption, violence and eroticism and so on. Children have weak resistance in defending this detrimental influence. In this case, parents’ instructions seem to be very important to children’s growth. Parents should sit down and talk with them about what they should do and should not do. In addition, if parents often spend time in staying with their children, adults’ good behaviors will greatly influence their children.

Here I do not deny that there are some disadvantages in spending too much time on children. Some parents restrict their children, and give them little freedom to develop their interests. Therefore, I emphasize that parents should educate and instruct their children appropriately in their spare time apart from their busy works

雅思范文–机器翻译与学外语的contradiction

Topic: Some people say that computers can translate all kinds of languages. Therefore, children do not need to learn foreign languages any more. What’s your position?

Sample answer:

With the rapid development of computer science, computer can translate all kinds of languages. Therefore, some people say that children need not study foreign languages any more. From my point of view, I think computer will never take the place of human beings.

Firstly, language is closely related to a country’s culture. Through language study, students can know the culture of a country. For example, if you study English, you can know a lot of things about English literature, English poetry, English festivals and English customs. I am English major. I like English romantic poems very much. The beautiful verses by Shalley, Burns and other famous English poets are still very popular in modern literature. We also enjoy some English festivals like Halloween, April Fools Day and Christmas, when people celebrate in night clubs and bars and have a lot of fun.

Secondly, computer is only a machine, whose programs are designed and written by human beings. Without an intimate knowledge of foreign languages and translation, we cannot write an efficient translation programs for computers, which will be a cold machine and become useless.

Lastly, language study can cultivate a child’s intelligence. Language is a unique ability of our human beings. Language study can improve children’s audio ability. They can distinguish the subtle differences of pronunciation and rhythm.

However, we don’t deny the advantages computer takes us. We have to read some foreign articles and materials in our study and work. Some translation softwares can give us an immediate explanation of some difficult words, which saves us a lot of valuable time.

To sum up, computer will never take the place of our human beings as a translator or an interpreter, because their ability is decided by human beings. (289 words)

IELTS概述

主题: IELTS概述

IELTS(International English Language Testing System), 国际英语测试制度(简称雅思考试),是在世界上100多个国家举行的一种国际性英文测试。IELTS是由英国剑桥大学测试中心(The University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicat – UCLES)、澳大利亚高校国际开发署(IDP Education Australia)及英国文化委员会(The British Council)共同举办的,为非英语国家学生赴英国或其他英联邦国家移民、或高等教育机构就读进修必须通过的语言测试。 1990年4月始在中国开始推广。英国、澳大利亚、新西兰、加拿大等国的众多院校均认可IELTS考试。另外,加拿大、澳大利亚、新西兰等国家的移民局还将这种考试成绩作为其吸收技术类移民中衡量英语语言能力的唯一标准。IELTS考试分综合 听力,阅读和写作测试在上午进行,口语测试在当天下午或第二天上午进行。考生必须参加全部四项考试。阅读和写作测试有两种类型(由考生根据实际情况选择其中一类):   1.学术类(Acadmic Module):适合申请高校课程考生 。 2.培训类(General Trianing Module):适合申请应用应用培训课程,移民、劳务或其他的考生。考试形式。 考试包含听力、阅读、写作及口语四个部分:  听力部分考试时间为30分钟 10分钟。考生需根据听到的录音内容回答四十个问题,问题形式为多项选择,完成句子,填空等。考生需要边听边写。   阅读部分考试时间为60分钟。考生需阅读三篇文章,回答四十个问题。(如文中有技术术语,将提供其简单的解释)第一篇文章较易,第三篇文章难度较大。阅读部分并非为传统的多项选择题,重点在于测试考生的能力。  写作部分考试时间为60分钟。考生需写两篇文章,其中第一篇文章要求至少150个单词第二篇文章要求至少250个单词,比如就一问题提出解决的方法,或为某一观点辩护或评价。  口试部分考试时间为11分钟-14分钟。考生将与剑桥大学测试联盟(UCLES) 认证的考试官进行会话。大多数情况是考试官提一些问题,考生回答问题,或者是考官让考生阅读一张卡片后,双方针对某一问题进行探讨。整个会话过程将被录音。(口语测试在当天下午或第二天全天进行,详细时间请留意考试当天的安排)在考试中所有的答案必须要写在指定的答卷上。考试完后一个月之内可收到成绩表。IELTS成绩2年有效。  评分标准 9分-成绩极佳,能将英语运用自如,精确、流利并能完全理解。8分-非常良好,能将英语运用自如,只是偶尔有不连接的错误和不恰当,在不熟悉的状况下可能出现误解,可将复杂细节的争论掌握的相当好。7分-良好,有能力运用英语,虽然在某些情况有时会发生不准确、不适当和误解,大致可将复杂的英语掌握的不错,也理解其全部内容。6分-及格,大致能有效的运用英语,虽然有不准确、不适当和误解发生,能使用并理解相当复杂的英语,特别是在熟悉的情况时。5分-适当及格,可部分运用英语,在大多数情况下可应付全部的意思,虽然可能犯下许多错误,在本身领域内应可掌握基本的沟通。此分数线一般为移民的最低分数线。4分-水平有限,只限在熟悉的状况下有基本的理解力,在理解与表达上常发生问题,无法使用复杂英语。3分-水平有限,在极熟悉的情况下,只能进行一般的沟通理解。2分-只属于偶尔使用英文,除非在熟悉的情况,使用单词和简短的短句表达最基本的信息,在说写方面有重大的障碍。1分(最低分)-不能通过,可能只能说几个单词,无法沟通。

附:雅思简介

IELTS国际英语水平测试由英国剑桥大学测试中心(The University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicat – UCLES)、澳大利亚高校国际开发署(IDP Education Australia)及英国文化委员会(The British Council)共同举办。1990年4月在中国开始推广。

  英国、澳大利亚、新西兰、加拿大以及许多国家的众多院校均采用并认可这一语言测试系统。 加拿大、澳大利亚、新西兰等国家的移民局均将这种考试成绩作为技术移民及其他类移民中衡量英语语言能力的唯一标准。 以上国家的学校和培训进修项目及许多国家的院校都接受这一考试成绩,并设立不同的成绩合格标准。 IELTS考试分培训类(General Training )和学术类(Academic)两类。 因本考试有口语项目,因此会比TOEFL更具有可信度。

  通常经验,一名有中级英语基础的考生通过有关IELTS参考书籍学习或考前复习培训班,二三个月后可参加本考试。

  对中国考生来说,IELTS考试的词汇要求并不高,主要偏向生活化,但答题技巧和英国传统题型,因与TOEFL和国内英语考试(4-6级)完全不同,所以掌握题型和快速解答就显得非常重要。

IELTS 考试结构

主题: IELTS 考试结构

1.听 力 部 分

  通常考生会听到4段语音(独白部分及2人或多人对话部分)。共给38-42小题作答,你将只听到(一次)语音,不会重复(边听边作答)此部分。所以学生作答时,千万别等待语音结束才作答(不要回头作答),考生可把答案先写在试卷上,30分钟会话结束后,利用额外10分钟,再腾写在答案纸上。

  四段语音前二段中,内容以一般生活及社会状态、人际关系不同情况模拟为主,后二段则以较教育性的、学术性、世界性的主题探讨,对答(叙述)为主,但因其非常实际性、常识性,考生不必钻牛角尖。

  在会话进行中,边听边记录所听到的重点答案,记在问卷上(非答案卷),以免忘记或漏掉答案。

2.阅 读 部 分

  Academic类与General training类的考题都以”三大段”的文章为基本结构,大约1500-3000字之间,内容多样,甚至有时以图表、表格的方式出现,学生答题的方式亦有多种答题形式, 约38-42题。

  阅读部分的主题并不是为了考察学生对学术的专业度或认知度,所以学生千万别因对主题的陌生而紧张起来。

  A类与G类内容相同之处 在于A类除生活化范畴之外,加入考生在学业上、学术上的探讨与了解,而G类较着重于社会上的、语言的、工作训练等的主题。

3.写 作 部 分

  写作部分,全部1小时时间,分2大单元Task 1 & Task 2;A类(Task 1)通常考题以图片、表格座标、曲线图为基本形式,考生根据所给的资料,写出150个字以上的文章来叙述主题,组织并探讨主题,提出比较支持的论点;G类的(Task 1)考生以写一封信来应对考题中所给予的模拟状况或问题。Task 2 A类与G类非常类似,考生就考题的主题,用250字详加发表意见,通常考生被要求用几种方式之一来做为架构解决问题、表达自己的意见、支持或争辩考题所给予的讯息。

4.口 语 部 分

  10-15分钟的一对一谈话(考生与主考官)。对谈主题非常口语化、生活化,轻松但也有一定程序,对谈大致上分4小段(不是明显的区分,中间并无间断)

第一段:会面,寒暄一番(约1-2分钟);

第二段:主考官会鼓励(引导考生)多谈谈一般话题(生活作息上、文化习惯上、个人兴趣等等)(约3-4分钟),考生应勇敢发言。

第三段:主考官抽出一张(角色扮演卡)(Cue card),卡上写明一个模拟的事件,环境或状况,由考生向主考官依卡提出各种问题(约3-4分钟)。考生提出的问题须与卡上的主题相关,并可自由发挥;

第四段:主考官以得知考生个人有关学业计划或未来展望等信息为主,A类与G类的考生因其考IELTS的目的不同而不同(约3-4分钟)。