雅思官方首次中国考点开放日于东华大学举办

英国总领事馆文化教育处文化教育领事、华东区主任马旭宁(Matt Knowles)先生,东华大学副校长刘春红女士及工作人员合影  英国总领事馆文化教育处文化教育领事、华东区主任马旭宁(Matt Knowles)先生,东华大学副校长刘春红女士及工作人员合影

  为满足上海及周边地区日益增长的考试需求,雅思(微博)考试主办方之一英国文化教育协会宣布在上海增设东华大学和上海外国语大学(微博)两个新雅思考点。至此,雅思考试在全国的考场总数达到61个,分布在37个城市,其中上海地区原有的考点分别是华东师范大学(微博),上海财经大学,上海对外贸易学院和上海应用技术学院。两个新考点的首场考试将于2015年10月24日举办,考生可登录雅思考试报名官网http://ielts.etest.net.cn报名。

  东华大学是教育部直属全国重点大学,也是国家“211工程”和“卓越工程师教育培养计划”重点建设的大学。雅思主办方充分考虑到交通、环境等综合因素,将东华大学新考点设立在位于上海市中心的延安西路校区。校园内承接口试的第三教学大楼主楼设施良好,可满足周中口试场地的需求。承接笔试的国际教育中心大楼设施先进、格局简单,能为考生营造安全封闭、舒适及便利的考试环境。

  在东华大学雅思新考点揭牌仪式上,英国总领事馆文化教育处文化教育领事、华东区主任马旭宁(Matt Knowles)先生表示:“确保考生及时顺利报名和参加考试是我们工作中很重要的一部分。我们非常荣幸能够和东华大学合作,力求满足上海地区不断增长的考试需求,努力保持考试服务的高水准。我们诚挚希望以2020年中国教育事业发展战略目标为前提,通过建立雅思考点并引进雅思考试,进一步促进东华大学和上海市地区的教育国际化步伐”。

  为了让广大公众进一步熟悉及了解雅思考试的流程和考场环境,雅思官方借东华大学考点揭牌仪式之际,在中国地区首次举办了雅思考点开放日。本次开放日面向所有公众,包括家长(微博)、大学生、高中生及有意向报考雅思的考生。到场观众跟随着工作人员参观了雅思笔试场地,并体验了从检录进场开始至考试结束的每一个环节。观摩结束后,来自英国文化教育协会的资深英语教学专家为观众们带来了雅思备考专场讲座,对考生的复习计划提供了行之有效的备考建议。

  近年来,雅思考试呈现了快速的增长态势,每年都有超过250万人次的雅思考试在140多个国家、地区举办。作为雅思考试的主办方之一,英国文化教育协会长期紧密关注市场需求,一直致力于为考生提供人性化的服务,例如:增设新考场、增加考试频次或者容量。

  作为全球英语测评领域的领导者,雅思考试已获得全球超过9000所院校、机构、移民(微博)局、雇主单位及专业协会的认可。雅思考试的内容兼具实用性和学术性,内容涉及诸多真实的国外学习和生活场景,对考生今后生活和学习有实际的帮助。而其特有的人人对话的口语考试模式,通过营造真实的情景体验,可以让考生和考官在自然的交流状态下,完成对英语能力的精准评测。雅思考试一直受到英国、澳大利亚和加拿大所有高校、签证及移民局的信赖;在美国,包括所有常青藤盟校在内的3300所院校认可雅思成绩。无论是留学(微博)、移民、就业或检测英语水平,雅思都是最受欢迎的选择。

  更多信息请访问:新浪外语频道 雅思最新资讯

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

揭秘托福机经前世今生:高分利器or害人害己

  对于参加托福(微博)和 GRE 考试的同学来说,不知道“jijing”这个词,基本上就不算是标准的“托友”和“G 友”,因为在很多考生看来,“鸡精”似乎已经成为了通向高分的“必杀武器”,甚至在最近的几年,出现了很多人在全世界各地寻找“鸡精”的行为,也出现了很多基于“鸡精”大肆进行考题预测的“大神”们。“鸡精” 真的那么有效么?真的可以让我们备考的周期缩短么?在说清楚这些问题之前,我觉得有必要先说说鸡精的“前世”。

  1999 年,ETS 开始在全球对 GRE 考试推行计算机自适应考试(CAT),这个在计算机和互联网还没有完全普及的年代应该说是具有划时代意义的。当时,很多考生对于这种变化表现出了种种不适应,因为习惯了在纸上考试的我们突然要面对一个完全不熟悉的电脑屏幕,并且要用鼠标和键盘来完成考试,这无异于是一种对考生过去习惯的挑战。但是很快,同学们就发现这样的考试形式是有漏洞的,而且这种漏洞随着互联网技术的发展而被快速放大,从而导致了一些备考网站的兴起,也导致了 2002 年 ETS 重新把国内的考试形式调整为现有的模式。当时的 CAT 考试具有如下的一些特征:

  一个考场(当时北京有两个考场,其中鼎钧大厦的考场现在已经变成了 GRE 作文考试的场所,另外一个人大(微博)附中旁边的考场已经关闭)在一段时间(当时是 1 个月)内使用的试题库是固定的,ETS 通过邮寄 3.5 英寸软盘的形式向考场提供试题库。每个考生做的题目都从该试题库中产生。这个试题库实际上是 ETS 总的 GRE 题库的子集。除法定假日外的每个工作日(周 1 至周 5)考生都可以参加考试,甚至有的工作日上午和下午都安排考试。每个考生考到的题目可能会有差异,试题根据考生的实际答题情况生成。一般来说,计算机会在一开始给出一道难度中等偏下的题目,如果考生答对,下一题难度上升,同时伴随分数级别提高。但是,ETS 给出的分数变化曲线不是线性的,前面部分的题目对于分数的影响权重明显要大于后面的题目。当时的统计结果表明,如果考生前面 5 个题目回答都正确,只要后面的题目不连续犯错,得分都不会太低。直到今天,ETS 在欧洲、美洲等地区,依然在沿用这样的考试和评估方式。考试成绩在考试结束时立刻出现,考生可以马上决定是否重考。而 ETS 规定,在一个月内,考生不可以参加两次 GRE 考试。实际上,这个规定也和限定的试题库有关。

  上述的 4 个特征为“鸡精”的产生创造了良好的条件,很多考生在考试结束后,开始在网上根据自己的回忆写出考题。因为每个考场的试题库中的题目是限定的,并且中国考(微博)区所有的考场用的都是一样的试题库;而且,考生每个工作日都可以考试,考生数量足够大,试题库上的题目很快就被全部回忆出来。而网上也开始有很多热心的同学,成立了“鸡精委员会(简称‘机委会’)”来对这些试题进行编辑和整理,方便备考的同学使用。这样一来,参加 GRE 考试的考生基本上不需要做什么准备了,只需要选择月末的时间考试,并且努力一周把所有的鸡精背下来,考试就可以得到好的成绩。在“鸡精”流行的岁月里,考生考出 GRE 满分并不是神话,因为几乎天天都有人考满分,而真正的大牛,是可以随心所欲,想得多少分,就可以考多少分。后来,ETS 发现了这种现象,于是开始把更新试题库的时间改到半个月,但是大量的中国考生让 ETS 无可奈何地又把更新试题库的时间改到了一周,但是,结果大家应该能想象——强大的中国学生是不可战胜的。迫不得已,ETS 不得不在 2002 年干脆把中国的 GRE 考试全部改成了作文机考结合笔试的形式。

  根据上面描述的现象,我们就不难得出“鸡精”产生的条件以及“有用”的前提条件了:

  有限的试题库:只有有限的试题库才有可能被全部回忆出来并且在一段时间内重复。足够大量的考生:只有大量的考生参加考试,才有可能让试题的回忆的完整程度得到保证。题目容易记忆,具有“可回忆性”:当时很多考生回忆得最好的题目是类比反义题,因为题目简单,可复制性极强,并且,由于考试结束就知道成绩,考生可以基本上判断出自己的答案可信度有多高。而阅读和填空,试题回忆的完整度虽然不好,但是因为题目数量少,所以很多人可以用简单的方式记住对应题目的。

  按照这三个条件,我们就可以判断现在的托福和 GRE 考试,以及未来的新 GRE 考试,是否会像当年一样,让“鸡精”疯狂到令人发指的地步。首先,目前的托福考试和未来的 GRE 考试,采用了基于互联网的计算机化考试,也就是俗称的“网考”,这种考试形式和传统的机考相比,最大的区别就在于,试题库不是有限的,所有的考点都可以共享 ETS 的完整题库,并且随机生成套题。因此,刚才我们分析的第一个条件并不具备。

  其次,从现行的托福考试安排来看,托福以及未来的 GRE 考试,都不会在每个工作日都安排考试,也就是说,考生参加考试的机会和过去的 GRE 机考相比是下降了。并且,成绩都不会在当时给出,那么考生对于自己所答题目状态的确定程度不高。上面的条件 2也不具备。

  第三,无论现行的托福考试还 是未来的 GRE 考试,题目都不存在很好的“可回忆性”。对于托福来说,主观题目的回忆是没有意义的(一会儿我会阐述),也就是说,作文和口语,无论回忆的多精确,对于考 生来说都不会有大的影响;而客观题目中的听力和阅读,文字的长度已经保证不可能让人做出精确回忆。而未来的 GRE 考试,类比反义全部取消,剩下的两部分题目同样也因为其复杂性降低了“可回忆性”。上面的条件 3不具备。

  可以看出,刚才我们所归纳 出来的鸡精产生的条件在现行考试中都不具备。那么,当“鸡精”产生作用的条件都不具备的时候,我们还有什么理由相信“鸡精”可以对我们的成绩产生影响呢? 可能有的人会说,“‘鸡精’至少是考生回忆出来的真题吧,那看看真题总没什么坏处。”这是我从来不反对的观点,但是,需要我们想清楚几个问题。

  我们不能保证考生的回忆一定正 确,所以对于回忆的“鸡精”要慎重对待。对于主观类题目,比如口语和写作,我们可以用回忆的题目来进行练习,但是,如果本身思路不正确,也不会得到好的分 数。这个问题可以延伸到 GRE 的作文“鸡精”是否有用。在过去的托福考试和现行的 GRE 考试中,ETS 都是公开作文题库的。实际上,从测试的角度来说,ETS 曾经做过计算,对于作文这种主观题目来说,如果题目公开数量达到 120 个,对于考生成绩公平度的影响就已经可以忽略不计了。所以,无论主观题怎么公开,当量达到一定程度的时候,对考生来说就是浮云。换句话说,对于口语和作 文,ETS 根本不怕“鸡精”,甚至,在一开始的时候,ETS 还会希望尽快传播鸡精,这样对考生成绩的影响会很快降低到可忽略的地步。对于目前参加海外 GRE 机考的同学,如果国外考生数量不多,鸡精起到的效果不能说没有,但是未必有你想的那么好。但是,由于 CAT 考试本身的机制不是很严谨,所以得到高分数的可能确实会增加。而这种现象也会随着明年 GRE 的改革而消失。

  我想,我已经把“鸡精”这 种东西的“前世”和“今生”给大家说的比较全面了,我希望各位同学记住的是,ETS 不是傻子,他们不可能对“鸡精”没有了解,所以,当他们进行考试设计的时候,就会充分考虑到这种因素对于考生以及成绩公信度的影响。时至今日,ETS 已经很清楚地知道,对于中国的同学来说,“鸡精” 是一种非常强烈的“安慰剂”,而不是影响成绩的因素。因此,我想告诉大家三句话:

  不要迷恋鸡精,鸡精只是个传说。依赖鸡精就如同买彩票,赶上了,算命好;赶不上,是常态。提高能力才是王道。一切“预测”都是浮云,不要被谎言和你的急于求成迷住了双眼。

雅思扣发数百中国考生成绩:有背题嫌疑

  外媒称,从今年7月至今,雅思(微博)(IELTS)主办方共永久扣发了约350位中国考(微博)生的成绩。这是雅思官方在中国全境抽查考生成绩后的结果。

  据英国广播公司网站10月14日报道,英国文化协会(British Council)为雅思官方考试中心。雅思官方在回复BBC中文网查询时表示,被永久扣发成绩的考生仍旧可以参加下一场考试。

  报道称,至于抽查原因,雅思官方给出的解释是:“成绩未能如实反应考生的真实英语水平”。

  这轮抽查致使考生成绩被延迟发放,部分被抽查的考生表示,学校申请和签证受到影响。“可能和雅思官方认为的‘漏题’有关。”

  报道称,雅思培训老师说,这次大面积抽查可能也和各类预测机经和题库总结有关。也给雅思培训行业传递一个信号,要更注重学生英语能力的培养,而不是唯分数论。

  “大面积抽查”

  报道称,此次抽查的城市已经涵盖上海、南京、成都、长沙和重庆等城市。

  成都的雅思考生郑女士向BBC中文网记者证实,自己参加的8月29号的考试,本应该在15个工作日后拿到雅思成绩。结果遇到抽查,成绩被延迟了两周发放。因为延迟发布,她的学校申请也受到了影响。

  在重庆执教的雅思培训老师杨紫凌向BBC记者证实,他的学生中有8位近期参加了雅思考试。但都被抽查了成绩,成绩大约被延迟一月公布。

  “他们都很紧张,都怕被查。” 杨紫凌这样转述学生的心理状态。

  杨紫凌介绍道,例行抽查一直都有。但这次是大面积抽查。“大概延迟一个月公布成绩,如果一个月后还没有结果,大概就是被扣发了。”

  BBC中文网向雅思官方询问抽查的原因,雅思官方回复称,只有在主办方拥有充分的证据判定考生有可能违反了雅思考试的规章制度,并且导致无法保证成绩如实反映该考生的真实英语水平时,雅思成绩才会被永久扣发。而且被永久扣发的人数占考生人数非常之小。

  但是因为信息的保密性,雅思官方不能对外公布更多的细节。

  官方解释

  报道称,雅思考试由听、说、读、写四个部分组成,分为学术类测试(A类,Academic)和培训类测试(G类,General Training)。雅思考生多为打算在以英语作为交流语言的国家或地区留学(微博)、移民(微博)或就业的人群。

  Image copyrightBBC CHINESEImage caption对于抽查原因,雅思官方给出的解释是:“成绩未能如实反应考生的真实英语水平”。

  雅思老师杨紫凌向BBC中文网解释说,就是考生的输入科目(听力和阅读)和输出科目(写作和口语)分数差距较大。

  但在被追问到如何定义“未能真实反映考生水平”时,雅思官方表示,从中国考生历年的平均考试成绩来看,雅思考试的写作和口语成绩,以及阅读和听 力成绩之间是有差别的。阅卷老师对四项技能之间的差异也有所了解。因此,抽查并非因为考生成绩出现差异,而是基于其它原因。但由于考试的保密要求,这些原 因必须保密。

  因此,关于此轮抽查的范围、时间和合格标准,雅思官方暂未给出详细回复。

  谁之过?

  报道称,受本次抽查影响的郑女士表示,雅思的考试形式确实会有“漏题”的情况发生, 但是官方这种“一棒打死所有人”的做法太武断。

  郑女士进一步解释说,雅思官方可能怀疑“漏题”,即怀疑有考生在考试前就知道了题目。

  杨紫凌评论道:“雅思考题相对固定,不太变化是有问题的。”

  而关于考生“漏题”的猜测和雅思预测班对雅思考试的影响,雅思官方在给BBC中文网的邮件中回应称:正对一些声称可以提供通过考试的捷径方法的社交网站进行密切监察,以确保无人可以通过这些所谓的捷径获利。考生应当明白,除了勤学苦练,并没有捷径。

  “注重实际运用”

  报道称,中国雅思考生的写作和口语部分一直有“背诵”的嫌疑。被问及此次抽查是否给雅思培训行业传递出一个改变的信号时,杨紫凌说,有时候“唯分数论”的是来上课的考生。

  杨紫凌说:“作为老师,当然愿意培养学生的实际交流能力。但他们需要在短期内提高,有时不得不寻找捷径。而且有的培训机构为了树口碑,也会做预测。”

  BBC中文网记者问杨紫凌如果从业机构给他压力让其提分,又怎样培养学生能力时,他说:“提高0.5分没有压力。但如果提高1到1.5分就有压力了。”

  雅思各个科目的总分为9分,分数段以0.5分加减。

  据中国澎湃新闻报道,去年仅中国就有近60万人次的考生。

  雅思考试被全球超过9000所院校机构所认可,每年在全球的考生多达250万,是目前认可最广泛的一门留学及移民类英语语言考试。

  更多信息请访问:新浪外语频道 雅思最新资讯

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

2015年托福何种情况下可免费重考?

  发生异常情况导致考试无法按时进行或无法完成考试,或无法对考试进行评分的,这些情 况可能包括但不限于考试实施失误(考试安排、考试资料和考试设备等方面导致),不可抗力(自然灾害、流行病疫情或其他紧急情况),由ETS评估确认后给予受影响考生一次免费重新考试的机会。

  免费重考的时间和地点由ETS安排注册。对于新安排的重考,考生因故不能参加,可在考前10天申请取消重考退还全部考 试费或一次免费转考。

  更多信息请访问:新浪外语频道 托福最新资讯

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

雅思事件拷问应试教育:走捷径伤害了谁?

  近期,有关“中国考(微博)生雅思(微博)成绩被取消”的相关报道不断在网上发酵,引起广泛讨论。而据雅思考试主办方透露,近期已对中国雅思成绩进行了全面彻底的核查。自7月底至今,经剑桥大学外语考试部核查分析,雅思考试主办方决定永久扣发大约350位考生的成绩。究竟谁才是本次事件的始作俑者?广大考生又应该如何走好未来的留学(微博)考试之路呢?

  事件回顾|六场考试被例行抽查 部分考生被取消成绩

  据报道,雅思考试在中国内地37个城市设置了61个考场。在7月25日、8月1日、8月8日、8月13日、8月29日和9月12日举行的六场考试都被例行抽查。

  按照雅思考试主办方的规定,一般在考试结束后的第10个工作日,考生便可以去官网查询成绩。但此次抽查导致上海、南京、长沙、成都等多地大面积考生成绩延迟发布,有学生成绩被延迟40天发布,而且在抽查结束后,一部分考生还直接被取消成绩(最新消息是350位考生的成绩被永久扣发)。

  考生收到短信,称考生收到短信,称本次考试成绩被例行检查

  学生反应|被误伤很冤枉 错过申请很受伤

  不少申请时间迫在眉睫的考生,由于此次成绩延迟发布,或取消成绩,可能错过今年的申请机会。很多学生对于成绩被扣发表示不理解,因为回顾自己的考试经过,并未出现如官方所规定的“只有当考生出现作弊、抄袭、迟到、个人信息提供有误等情况时,才会被取消考试资格”的情况。有不少学生表示,自己被“误伤”。

  杭州雅思考生小李的成绩也在“永久不公布”之列。原打算9-10月份申请英国高校的他表示,“现在雅思成绩被取消,我根本没办法申请学校或者办理签证,也不敢报名参加下一场考试,万一成绩还是被取消就惨了。”

  官方声音|掌握充分证据 但尽力将留学申请影响降至最低

  由于对信息的保密,雅思考试主办方并未透露永久扣发成绩的具体原因,但早在9月30号,教育部考试中心便发布公告,对此次抽查扣发成绩做出了相应的“解释”。该公告称“ 只有在主办方掌握充分的证据证明考生违反了雅思考试的规章制度,并且导致无法保证成绩如实反映该考生的真实英语水平时,雅思成绩才会被永久扣发。”

  对于广大考生所关注的“成绩被取消的学生是否可以重新进行考试”的问题,雅思主办方也表示,学生如有需要可选择再次参加雅思考试。同时,在核查过程中,雅思主办方还会提供额外服务以帮助因成绩延迟发放而受到影响的考生,包括免费额外成绩单加急递送服务,提供官方证明以协助考生向院校说明情况等,尽可能将考生因成绩延迟而受到的影响降低到最小范围之内。

  相关阅读:雅思官方回应热点问题:尽力降低留学申请影响

  原因猜测| 因学生背诵题库而导致答案雷同

  对于成绩被抽查及被取消的原因,有业内人士认为,本次事件应该与过度押题有关。

  很多中国考生在备考过程中都会选择大量背诵题库或者范文。他们对考试违规的理解主要停留在考场规则、作弊等方面,却忽略了“雷同”、“抄袭”等西方教育理念中的禁区。

  当然,也许事情并没有这么简单。某位雅思培训资深老师还提到,由于雅思是全球性的考试,不排除有人利用时差钻空子,提前获得考题,名为“押题”,实则泄题。

  类似事件| SAT也曾曝亚洲考场舞弊案 托福(微博)考试也非“净土”

  早在2014年10月,SAT亚洲考场舞弊案就引起了各界的广泛关注:据媒体报道,当年10月11日的SAT考试,因涉嫌考试“泄题”,亚洲地区大多数考场成绩延迟发布,参加此次SAT考试学生可能因此错过将于同年11月初结束的美国高校ED申请(提前申请)。最终,美国教育考试服务中心(ETS)仅仅取消了作弊学生的当次考试成绩,但学生未来仍可参加SAT考试,ETS也不会将作弊记录通报美国大学。

  2015年初,不断有托福教师及考生通过微博反映,1月31日托福考试题目遭到泄露,网上有机构和个人在考试前售卖答案,并通过微博、微信将试题提前发送给考生。经验证,写作和口语题目均遭泄露,阅读理解也有答案流出。针对此次事件,ETS特意公开了泄题举报邮箱,建议掌握泄题相关线索人士向官方发送邮箱举报。

  敲响警钟| 语言学习无捷径 提高能力最重要

  由于出国留学人数逐年增多,且学生外语程度参差不齐,导致出国外语考试培训市场庞大,部分培训机构一味强调应试技巧的培训;而不少考生的关注点也都放在“如何在几天内快速提升考试分数”,到网上去找机经背,参加大量考前提分培训,太过急功近利。

  其实所谓“机经”,就是把曾经参加过考试的考生们回忆出的真题集结而成一个题库,它的存在本就处于“灰色地带”,严格来说,就是一种舞弊行为。 而这种“捷径”也不仅仅出现在英语考试之中。据业内人士透露,某在线法语培训机构的相关老师因反复亲自参加考试,通过不正当方式获取真题,并在网上售卖机经,从而被有关部门全面“禁考”。对此,有资深留学专家表示,经常有学生通过背机经考取一个不真实的成绩,但在面签中无法体现出相应的语言能力从而导致拒签,其实浪费的是自己的时间。

  因此,此次事件是看似“受伤”的只是部分雅思考生,实际上为所有准留学生群体敲响了警钟:语言成绩或许能够短时间突飞猛进,但学习语言本身并无捷径可言。无论雅思,托福,还是其他小语种出国考试,都仅仅是测量一个考生的外语作为日常交流和学习工具的能力。具备了扎实的听说读写能力,那么任何考试都并不困难。

  新浪教育(微博)提醒广大考生,背机经或题库的投机做法最终伤害的是自身利益,把时间和精力放在如何提高能力上才是对自己负责的做法。即便没有在考试中被判定“违规”,出国后也很可能会因语言能力不足而无法适应国外的学习生活,从而加大留学失败的风险。(新浪教育综合中国青年报、广州日报、山西晚报、参考消息网等媒体报道)

ETS公布2016年中国大陆地区托福考试日期

  中国北京(2016年10月27日)—美国教育考试服务中心(ETS)联合教育部考试中心(NEEA)近日公布了2016年度托福(微博)考试日期。

  参加托福考试对于那些打算在美国、英国、加拿大、澳大利亚等英语母语国家留学(微博)的学生来说是非常重要的一步。目前为止,全球已有3000多万考生通过参加托福考试来实现他们在学业和职业发展方面的目标。考生可通过教育部考试中心托福考试报名网站进行注册报考托福考试(http://toefl.etest.net.cn)。

  2016年中国地区托福考试日期确定如下:

2016考试时间表2016考试时间表

  因报考人数众多,我们建议考生尽早报名。

  更多信息请访问:新浪外语频道 托福最新资讯

  特别说明:由于各方面情况的不断调整与变化,新浪网所提供的所有考试信息仅供参考,敬请考生以权威部门公布的正式信息为准。

考生须知:关于雅思考试的传闻与反驳

  1. “未来会取消笔考。雅思(微博)机考将全面铺开,是大势所趋。”

  目前的各地雅思纸笔考试考点数量不会减少,考试日期不会减少,考位也不会减少。雅思机考只是新增的另一个选择,作为IELTS for UKVI (Academic)纸笔考试的补充。It’s an addition, not a replacement.

  2.“狼来了。机考的题目更难。”

  雅思机考的考试内容、评分标准、难度等级、考试安全设置、院校机构认可度等方面均与现行的纸笔模式完全一致,考生也将收到同样的成绩单。请注意,是完全同样的成绩单,上面甚至都没有标注机考。这也真正表明机考本质上和纸笔考试保持一致。而且雅思特有的“人人对话”口语考试仍沿用传统模式。

  3.“机考真麻烦。不喜欢对着屏幕做阅读,没法勾划关键词。”

  正如我在“阅读部分中里所展示的,机考阅读完全可以勾划关键词(Highlight),还可以做备注(Note)。事实上,考生无论是否决定参加机考,都应习惯对着屏幕看文章,毕竟现在通过电脑网络查询资料、获取信息、进行写作,已经是每个意欲出国留学(微博)同学的必备技能。

  4. “机考口语日后会跟新托福(微博)一样采用人机对话。”

  雅思考试官方新闻稿指出,“雅思特有的“人人对话”口语考试模式仍将保留——因为人人对话的口语考试模式是最有效的检测考生英语口语能力的测评方式,以保证考生在最真实自然的交流状态下发挥最佳水平。”这句话不惜用了三个最——最有效、最真实自然、最佳水平——来表达雅思官方对于现行口语考试模式的自信与坚持。

  5.“我今年大二,准备大四毕业出国。等我明后年考试的时候,是不是必须机考?”

  在考试用途方面,雅思考试可以分为三类:一、雅思考试(IELTS):分为学术类和培训类。学术类适用于出国留学申请本科、研究生及以上学位。培训类适用申请移民(微博)或培训及非文凭类课程。二、用于英国移民及签证的雅思考试(IELTS for UKVI):用于英国签证和移民,也分为学术类和培训类。

  注意:这一类雅思考试和第一类雅思考试的内容完全相同。

  如你申请英国院校的英语强化课程,语言课程,预科课程,及本科以下课程,需要考此类考试。

  如果你申请的本科、研究生及以上学位课程不在英国高等教育教育机构/TIER 4高度可信担保方名单内,也要考此类考试。

  三、雅思生活技能类考试(IELTS Life Skills):只考口语和听力,用于英国探亲类或永居类签证申请。

  雅思机考全称为IELTS for UKVI (Academic) delivered on computer(用于英国签证及移民的雅思考试学术类机考),属于第二类中的学术类雅思的一种。

  哪些考生应该参加IELTS for UKVI (Academic) (用于英国签证及移民的雅思考试学术类考试)?

  简单说:

  1. 如果你是移民的,不能参加机考,机考没有移民类考题。

  2. 如果你是留学美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、新西兰、欧洲等国家,无论是去读中学、大学、研究生,不需要参加IELTS for UKVI (Academic)。

  3. 如你是去英国读大学、研究生,不需要参加IELTS for UKVI (Academic),除非你申请的学校不在英国签证和移民局的“高度可信担保方”名单内。

  4. 如你是去英国读英语强化课,语言课,预科、专科等非学位课程,必须参加IELTS for UKVI (Academic)。

  接下来,我们再说一说机考

  雅思机考对考生来说最有用的是?

  ★ 屏幕上方的时间提示,随时可看剩余考试时间。

  ★ 写作随时进行自动字数统计,答案自动保存。无需担心因字迹不清而扣分。

  ★ 屏幕下方导航条,提示未做题目和标注的review待检查题目。

  ★ 阅读文章与题目左右分栏,便于定位和做题。写作题目和文章左右分栏。

  ★ 鼠标点击和拖拽可以应对绝大部分机考题型。修改答案也比纸笔考试方便。只有简答题、填空题等需要打字。

  ★ 拥有Highlight和Note功能,无论是听力、阅读还是写作,无论是文章还是考题,全程可用,模拟纸笔考试体验。

  “通过互联网进行测试的考试”,我们经常听到computer-based test(CBT),internet-based test(IBT),雅思属于哪一种?

  关于雅思机考,官方给出的正确名称为:IELTS for UKVI (Academic) delivered on computer,属于Computer-based test (CBT)。CBT指的是评估过程围绕计算机进行。相较于internet-based test(IBT),CBT的试题是在考试前通过互联网下载下来的,可确保其安全性。然后考生在线下答题,这样可以保证考生的发挥不受网络连接问题的影响。测试时需要考生具备一定的电脑操作技能,并通过屏幕和键盘作答,且电脑有可能会介入评分过程。CBT可分为两大类:linear test(线性测试)和adaptive test(自适应测试)。 Linear test(线性测试,无论是computer-based 还是paper-based)指的是所有考生都是在同样的规定时间内,按照同样的顺序,做同样数量的考题。也就是说,这种形式的机考和传统的纸笔考试在内容上一样,只是medium of administration(处理介质)不同。

  此外,大家可以发现目前的雅思机考采纳了linear CBT形式,很重要的一个原因就是他能够全面测试听说读写。以听力或阅读来说,只需要40道题就可以对上万人进行linear CBT测试。

  最后,在科普下雅思机考的发展..

  其实,Cambridge English Language Assessment(剑桥大学外语考试部)的研究与验证小组从2001年开始,就对雅思纸笔考试和机考进行了比较研究。经过2001年至2003年的试验,2004年和2005年由Tony Green 和 Louise Maycock执笔的报告表明,雅思机考这种形式(computer-based linear version of IELTS)对于考题难度基本没有影响,考生在笔考和机考的听力和阅读部分的表现呈强相关性,即机考对成绩影响极微。研究表明,性别、年龄和第一语言等都不会影响到机考与笔考的表现差异。 值得指出的是,当时的实验参加者中,以汉语为母语的人是最多的群体。而我们现在也知道,雅思机考全世界首考也选择了北京和伦敦。 1999年以来的研究数据显示,考生只要熟悉计算机基本使用,无论参加纸笔考试还是机考,表现基本相同。这一成果证明了雅思机考和纸笔考试是可以互换使用。在2015年IELTS for UKVI(用于英国签证及移民的雅思考试)面试后,雅思机考正式面世。接受雅思成绩的机构将同等对待纸笔考试和机考的成绩,效力相同。 经过长达十数年的开发与测试,雅思终于正式推出机考模式,和纸笔考试并存。我相信未来机考将会逐步推广,计算机在语言测试领域将不断开花结果,优势得到进一步发挥。

  Last but not least..

  在写作过程中,我得到了很多行业同仁及同事的激励和帮助。当然,最重要的是关注雅思考试的同学和老师们,是我这惫懒的家伙写下去的最大动力。 现在的考生在雅思备考上花了太多的金钱和时间。事实上我也并不认为所有考生真的需要花那么多时间来备考。有时间的话,多看些挑战智性和理解力,拓展想象空间,增长见识的作品,可能要远胜过那些枯燥无味的备考材料。祝大家能够更有效地利用备考的时间,把更宝贵的机会用来看书、听音乐、享受生活,及走向世界。

  (来源:沪江英语)

托福备考:口语中常见的10个中式英语错误

  下面是20个托福(微博)考试中常见的中式英语的错误。宝宝们,看完可千万别模仿啊!

  1. 这个价格对我挺合适的。

  The price is very suitable for me.

  The price is right.

  suitable(合适的、相配的)最常见的用法是以否定的形式出现在告示或通知上,如:下列节目儿童不宜。The following programme is not suitable for children. 上面在这组句子中用后面的说法会更合适。

  2. 你是做什么工作的呢?

  What’s your job?

  What’s your occupation?

  what’s your job? 这种说法难道也有毛病吗?是的。因为如果您的谈话对象刚刚失业,如此直接的问法会让对方有失面子,所以您要问:目前您是在上班吗?Are you working at the moment? 接下来您才问:目前您在哪儿工作呢?Where are you working these days? 或者您从事哪个行业呢?What line of work are you in? 最地道的是说Occupation. 顺带说一下,回答这类问题时不妨说得具体一点,不要只是说经理或者秘书。

  3. 用英语怎么说?

  How to say?

  How do you say this in English?

  Note:How to say是在中国最为泛滥成灾的中国式英语之一,这决不是地道的英语说法。同样的句子有:请问这个词如何拼写?How do you spell that please? 请问这个单词怎么读?How do you pronounce this word?

  4. 明天我有事情要做。

  I have something to do tomorrow?

  Sorry but I am tied up all day tomorrow.

  用I have something to do来表示您很忙,这也完全是中国式的说法。因为每时每刻我们都有事情要做,躺在那里睡大觉也是事情。所以您可以说我很忙,脱不开身:I’m tied up. 还有其他的说法:I can’t make it at that time. I’d love to, but I can’t, I have to stay at home.

  5. 我没有英文名。

  I haven’t English name.

  I don’t have an English name.

  许多人讲英语犯这样的错误,从语法角度来分析,可能是语法功底欠缺,因为have在这里是实义动词,而并不是在现在完成时里面那个没有意义的助动词。所以,这句话由肯定句变成否定句要加助动词。

  6. 我想我不行。

  I think I can’t.

  I don’t think I can.

  这一组显然是个习惯问题,在语法上称为否定前置,这就是汉语里面说“我想我不会”的时候,英语里面总是说“我不认为我会”。

  7. 我的舞也跳得不好。

  I don’t dance well too.

  I am not a very good dancer either.

  当我们说不擅长做什么事情的时候,英语里面通常用not good at something,英语的思维甚至直接踊跃到:我不是一个好的舞者。

  8. 我的英语很糟糕。

  My English is poor.

  I am not 100% fluent, but at least I am improving.

  有人开玩笑说,全中国人最擅长的一句英文是:My English is poor。实话说,我从来没有遇到一个美国人对我说:My Chinese is poor. 无论他们的汉语是好是坏,他们会说: I am still having a few problem, but I getting better。

  当您告诉外国人,您的英语很poor,so what(那又怎么样呢),是要让别人当场施舍给我们一些英语呢,还是说我的英语不好,咱们不谈了吧。

  另外一个更大的弊端是,一边不停的学英语,一边不停地说自己的英语很poor,这正像有个人一边给车胎充气,又一边在车胎上扎孔放气。

  9. 你愿意参加我们的晚会吗?

  Would you like to join our party on Friday?

  Would you like to come to our party on Friday night?

  join往往是指参加俱乐部或者协会。如:join a health club; join the Communist Party. 事实上,常常与party搭配的动词的come 或者go,如go a wild party,或者come to a Christmas Party.

  10. 我没有经验。

  I have no experience.

  I don’t know much about that.

  (来源:沪江英语)

如何摆脱雅思听力同义替换的陷阱

  相信“烤鸭们”做了那么多的雅思(微博)题目,无论是真题还是模拟题,都会发现雅思特别喜欢考同义替换,无论是阅读还是听力,这类型的题目出现频率高,而且不容易发现。阅读还相对好一点,考生们可以从文章中寻找线索,而听力,很多考生一时没发现就错过了那个点,也就错了一个空。那么如何摆脱雅思听力同义替换的陷阱,在那短短的几分钟内,抓住提示,发现同义替换,最后答对题目呢?为考生们支招,希望考生能对“同义替换”有一个更为深入的了解和把握。

  同义替换一般分为:

  1、词性转换

  这一类比较常见,简单来说就是形容词、名词、动词等之间的互换。比如:benefit变成beneficial,flexibility变成flexible等等。相信考生们都能理解。

  2、句型转换

  常见的句型转换有,主动变被动,或者说用了不同的连词将句子的结构进行了调整或者前后颠倒。比如说 Since …, … 和 … because … 这两个都是我们比较熟悉的表示因果关系的句型,它们之间的区别就在于,前一个是since引导原因,后一个是because引导原因,所以出现了前后顺序颠倒的状况。所以考生应该尤为注意句型的转换。

  3、同义词的代替

  这个相信不用多说了吧,同义词顾名思义就是用不同的单词或者词组来表示同一个意思。比如说consist of,可以用be made up of、be composed of、contains等等。这一类的词比重也是比较多的。

  4、解释说明

  就是说话者没有直接说出这个词,而是用一段话来解释,将所表述的概念或者事物更加具体化。通常是用一个比较通俗易懂的例子来代替。

  其实同义替换很常见,考生们如果能够很好的掌握同义替换的话,迅速发现其中的同义替换,不仅能够对雅思听力甚至阅读考试应对自如,同时也扩充了自己的词汇量,在写作和口语方面也会有好的帮助,也有助于了解考官的出题思路。

  (沪江英语)

6月4日托福独立口语小范围预测及参考答案

  A. 高科技:

  1. Describe what your life would be like if you were not allowed to use the cell phone for a month. Explain why. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

  Well, honestly I think my life will be totally different. I actually depend on cell phone to connect with my friends. You know, I use lots of social network apps like wechat, twitter, and facebook to update what is going on with my life and send messages to my friends. Without the cell phone, I cannot even get hold of my friends and families. Additionally, as a college student, I am very busy with school work, like prepare for exam, do group projects, and write papers. I shop online for a lots of things just so I can save some time. I buy daily necessities, like outfits, snacks and electronic appliances on line. So I guess it will be a lot inconvenient without cell phone.

  2. Do you agree with the following statement: social networking websites are good for us? Please use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  Well, yes definitely, personally I am a big internet fan, and I think on-line social networks is a very good to socialize with friends and family members, and even get connected with professionals. My first reason is that it is instant and easy to use, social network like facebook, MSN, and professional social network-Linkedin. With wifi access and a tablet or smart phone, I can connect with people in no time. Additionally, before the invention of on-line social network, we have to call someone through the phone or visit them in person and it is very costly in terms of both money and time, cuz we have to physically be somewhere in order to talk to them face to face, with on-line social network, it also helps us to expand our social networking.

  3. School should require all students to have their own laptops. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  Personally, I think students should be required to own laptops. To begin with, students might need to write papers, and they can find reference on the internet easily, cuz they can just type the key words in the search engine, and the next moment they know, the answer shows up on the screen, and they basically can find reference on every topic, like technology, history, and even psychology. Also, they need to use lots of software to finish some assignments and projects, so the use of computer is inevitable. For example, I am an economics major, and I need to use statistical software to analyze data, obviously, I cannot do that without the computer.

  B. 教育:

  1. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? We learn more from failure than success. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  Personally, I couldn’t agree more with this statement, indeed, the best lesson one can learn is through failure. Actually, time and experience are the best teacher, and growth can only be achieved when you fail and after some barriers or setbacks in life, one has to analyze the real cause and avoid the risk of making the same mistake again. Albert Einstein once said, “Anyone who has never failed has never tried anything new.” One can only be a better person and make better judgments by learning from every single experience that we have been exposed to, otherwise, we would be the same person as we were yesterday.

  2. Some people prefer to get advice from older people like their parents or grandparents .Others prefer to get advice from their peers of the same or similar age . What way do you prefer and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

  Actually, I prefer to get advice from older family members. To begin with, seniors have richer life experience than young people, including good and bad ones. By learning from their experience, we can avoid previous mistakes. Also, it teaches me to be a humble and modest person so I can hunker down and be successful. Additionally, young people and their peers are struggling with their own life, study and career and they don’t have the same level of maturity as old people do. So based on these reasons, I think it is better to seek advice from seniors.

  3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should be required to help with household tasks as long as they grow old enough to do so. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  Personally, I definitely think that children should do household tasks as soon as they are old enough. Lots of important qualities can be developed through such activities as doing housework. Children will learn to be a responsible person, and that is a like cornerstone for them to become a better person. On top of that, children will get a sense of achievement when competing the house chores, and their parents might even give them some reward like buy them toys or offer them some pocket money. Through such activities, children will be very determined and motivated when they do bigger projects in their adulthood and be successful.

  C. 学生(学业、学校、学习方法)类:

  1. What kind of characteristics or components should a good school have?

  Well, personally, I think prestigious universities should have better facilities, science students depend on lab equipments to test theories in books, just learning theories without experiment in the lab is too boring and unproductive, so facilities, like research centers are very important.

  On top of that, professors are the key resource of a university, cuz they are the ones who can motivate the students and develop their skills and make them more creative, thus giving the students a better chance to be successful in the future.

  2. Some students prefer to study in a library. Others prefer to study at home or in dormitories. Which way do you prefer and why? Include reasons and details in your response.

  I would say I’d like to study in the library. The most obvious reason is that it is very quiet in the library, and I can fully focus on your work and nothing can distract me. There are just too much distraction to study at home, I can lay on my bed and play computer games when I feel bored, it is just not that productive compared to studying in the library. Plus, studying in the library, I feel like people around me are also studying, and that is a motivation for me to concentrate on my own work. For these reasons, I would say I like to study in the library.

  3. Talk about a subject you enjoy learning in school.

  Well, English is the subject that I like most. I have great motivation to learn English, to begin with, I find English not very difficult to learn, and actually it is pretty easy to pick up. Unlike other subjects like math, physics, which are pretty abstract and boring to learn. It is very cool to be able to speak a foreign language, and I can make friends with people who are from distinctive cultural backgrounds, thus I got a chance to talk to foreigners and get to know their culture, customs and way of living. By interacting with them I can broaden my horizon and have new perspective on things, and I bet I can learn from them enormously.

  4. Talk about two schools which you attended and their differences.

  Well, the first school that I attended in the US is called XXXXX, it’s located in a very small town with a population less than 20 thousand. The professor seems to know everyone, because the class size is very small. so everyone got a chance to discuss with the professor about academic problems. The second university I went to is university of XXXX, this university is in decent size with a big campus, there is about 30000 students and faculties altogether. I like the second one because it’s a big athletic university and I am big college sports fan. I follow Mizzou basketball and football very closely.

  5. Which of the following do you think is the best way to get to know a new school, joining a one-day campus tour, spending a weekend on a campus playing field or auditing the lectures?

  Personally, I would say auditing class is the best way to know the university better, since faculty members are an indispensable part of the university. Their knowledge,teaching skills and even the way they teach the class represent the university. The values they uphold in the class are the ones that are cherished by the university. Plus, when auditing class, one can tell if there are lots of class discussions or not, also, they get to know the size of the class. These are important factors when choosing a university since nobody wants to attend a school, whose class size are too big, because in a big class one cannot interact with their peers and professors.

  6. A friend of yours always gets up late in the morning and misses his morning classes. The professor has told him that this behavior will affect his grade. What advice would you give him and why?

  Personally, I would suggest him sleep early, actually he should go to bed before 10 o’clock, and then he can take a good rest, hence the next day he can go to the class refreshed. Additionally, I would say he should talk to the professor and ask him or her if it is possible for him to make up the absence in another way, like doing an extra credit assignment and I bet if he is sincere enough, the professor will understand his tough situation and might say yes to him, so eventually he can keep a higher GPA.

  7. Some students like to choose university with a high reputation but no scholarship, others prefer to choose a university with scholarship but less reputable. Which one do you like to choose?

  Well, personally, I would prefer to study in a less well known university with a scholarship. To begin with, the university tuition can be really expensive, and getting scholarship can help me to relieve my financial pressure. Consequently, I can concentrate on my study. Additionally, most of the time, one needs to be research assistant or teaching assistant upon receiving the scholarship. These teaching and research experience will be very helpful for my future, like when I plan to apply for a graduate school and even future jobs, and I will get a better to achieve my dreams in the future.

  8. Some people think that the best way to learn is to attend lectures. Others think that it is better to learn on their own. Which do you prefer and why?

  Well, personally, I prefer to attend lectures. Actually, studying alone can be boring and I am the kind of person who likes to interact with others when learning. By attending lectures, I get a chance to hear multiple points of view, although some points might not be as thought-provoking, I can learn a lot of stuff beyond the textbooks anyway, and understand how an idea works in real life when other students share their personal experiences. Additionally, the professor who holds the lecture can make difficult and abstract concepts and ideas easy to understand, one might not be able to understand some materials when studying alone.

  9. Do you like to buy new books or used books. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  I would say I prefer buying used books. As a college students, professors sometimes require students to buy textbooks, and most of the time, the textbooks can be really expensive, you might easily spend over $100 on a single book. That is a lot for a college kid. Additionally, most of the time used books are not that crappy, you can use it, and take notes on it and highlight the important part, it has no impact on your study at all. So based on these reasons, I find it more reasonable to buy used books at a cheaper price.

  10. Some people like to listen to audio books, others like to read paper books. Which do you prefer and why?

  Well, personally, I prefer to read paper books. It is true that one can listen to audio books practically everywhere. You can listen on the bus, or in bed before you fall asleep. However, I still prefer to read book myself since I can get more involved when reading myself. What I am trying to say is that the person who reads the audio book sometimes doesn’t tell the story the way that I like. I mean I might not like the tone of their voice, and sometimes I find that I zone out and miss important parts of the book when I listen to audio books.

  D. 地点:

  1. Between the following two places, where would you choose to live?

  1. big and new place but far from your workplace and/or university

  2. small and old place but near your workplace and/or university

  Personally, I’d like to live in a bigger place that is far away from my workplace. Actually, a bigger place far away from my workplace is more likely to be in the suburb than otherwise, and I am the kind of person who like peace and tranquility. I want to get away from the noise and pollution, and I hate the hustle and bustle of the city. Working in the downtown areas all day along is boring, and I want to escape from these concrete jungle and live far away. You know since my workplace is located in the downtown areas, I just want to get away from that place and find somewhere that is far away.

  2. When going on a vacation, some people prefer to stay in a hotel, while others prefer to camp outside in a tent. Which do you prefer?

  Personally, I would choose to camp outside in a tent. The only reason for me to go on a vacation is to get away from the busy streets and concrete jungles, and get a chance to be close to mother nature, by camping outside, I got a chance to appreciate the beautiful starry sky at night, and enjoy the tranquility, I don’t have the chance to enjoy that moment when living in the city. Also, camping outside makes it easier for me to do some hiking, like walking on the trail, and do some fishing and BBQ.

  3. Some people spend their vacation visiting just one place. Others prefer to spend their vacation visiting several different places and spending a shorter amount of time in each of these places.

  Which do you prefer and why. Personally, I would like to travel around in different place instead of just staying in one place. I am the kind of person who likes new and exciting things and exploration. If I stay in one place, I will get extremely bored, you know, the scenery of one place is just repetitive, and there is nothing new. On top of that, by traveling around to different places, I can be exposed to different cultural elements. When traveling around different places, I got a chance to talk to locals and get to know their culture, customs and way of living. By interacting with them I can broaden my horizon and have new perspective on things.

  E. 人物:

  1. Talk about one of your family member who has similar traits as you. Describe that trait.

  I would say my dad has the same personality as me. I am very passionate and optimistic person, and I like constantly taking challenges in my life and doing something that I have never experienced before, like studying abroad. I would say my dad is also the kind of person who likes to take challenges. For example, he encouraged me to study abroad despite of the challenges that I might face, like language barriers and cultural shocks. When I was studying in America, he gave me lots of encouragement and motivation.

  2. Describe a family member who has a different personality from you and explain why?

  I would say my dad has a totally different personality from me. I am very passionate and optimistic person, and I like constantly taking challenges in my life and doing something that I have never experienced before, like studying abroad. However, my dad is a quite conservative person, he would never do something that will make him stand out, and frankly, he is kind of pessimistic and sometimes cynical about the world, specifically, he would complain about negative things in life instead of thinking on the bright side.

  F. 休闲娱乐、艺术、音乐:

  1. Some people believe that the high school should teach music and art as other basic science. Some people think that providing music and art education for high school students is not necessary. What is your opinion and why?

  Personally, I think high school students should learn art and music. Actually, it can be very rewarding to learn some art, like kids will understand how to appreciate delicate artwork, such as, porcelain vase, water color painting, sculpture. Plus, art is the expression of the humanity. Without it, we would have no hope, no aspirations, no joy, just nothing meaningful and enlightening, and one can never underestimate the value of art and music, actually, If you try any form of art, you will get a break from the stresses of life, work and study!

  2. Do you agree or disagree with the statement: employees should be prohibited to listen to music at work.

  Well, personally, I think it’s a very bad idea to prohibit music in workplace. Actually, listening to music is a very good way for people to release their negative emotions, like sadness, or sorrow, or even anger. Employees might forget about the pressure in life and thus have a higher efficiency in the workplace. Additionally, music keeps people refreshed and spurs creativity and innovation. So, that is why it is a common practice for high-tech to allow the play of music in their office, just so that they can create a relaxing environment and be more creative, and thus make more breakthroughs in their field.

  3. Describe the book you like the most where you were a child.

  Well, the book I like best when I was a child was the Sea And the Old Man, authored by Ernest Hemingway. It was a novel, and it is very educating and enlightening, I learned a lot from reading this book. The storyline is like this:the old man had not landed any fish in 84 days in a row, finally on the 85th day he landed marlin, unfortunately, on his way back home, he marlin was towed away by some sharks. Even though, he only got back the bones of the marlin, however, he was really the winner; never give up in face of hardships, setbacks, barriers in our lives.

  G. 政府社会类:

  1. Agree or disagree: Zoos are useful than harmful to animals.

  Personally, I couldn’t agree more that zoos help to protect animals rather than harm them. To begin with, some animals might live in really harsh environment, like the Arctic region, Sahara deserts, and even in extremely dry areas. However, the zoo can be a very good place to shelter such animals, and they can live in a clean and comfortable environment with abundant food to feed themselves. Additionally, by keeping animals in the zoos, citizens, especially the younger generation will get a chance to closely observe them, thus they will know the animals better, hopefully, this can raise their awareness to protect endangered species.

  2. Agree or disagree: Life is better now than the past. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  Personally, I cannot agree more with that. To begin with, advanced technology has made lots of impossible things possible, like now it takes only less than one hour to travel over 300 miles by express train. In the past, it might take you a whole day. Now, with the express train, we can save lots of valuable time. Plus, with increasing income, more people have access to nutritional food, like, salmon, tuna, shrimp and stuff like that. They are high in protein, low in carbs.

  3. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: protecting the environment is just as important as developing the economy?

  Personally, I don’t agree with that. Instead, I think protecting the environment is more important than developing the economy. Recently, there are rampant environment related diseases, like the lung problems caused by the haze and fog in big cities, problems. Plus, the global warming, pollution, and extinction are running wild on earth too. Also, we have to think of the future of our lives and the lives of the next generation. Actually, if the economy falls, there is still a big chance for it to pick up. However, if we don’t protect the environment, and cherish the mother earth, it will be gone forever.

  4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Happiness comes when we help others rather than ourselves? Explain why. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

  Personally, I totally agree with this idea and happiness does come when we give others a helping hand. To begin with, sometimes, we can become very good friends after helping each other out, and by making friends with new people we will be better connected. Actually, research shows that people are generally happier if they are better connected with others. Additionally, one can get a strong sense of achievement when helping others out, and people should be compassionate about others instead of just thinking about themselves, otherwise they are too selfish, and selfish people are not happy.

  H. 环境保护类:

  1. Some schools require students to take part in community service activities after school. Which of the following do you think is the best activity for students? 1. Planting flowers in the community 2.doing clean-ups in the garden 3. recycling waste.

  If I got a chance to do some community service, I would like to choose to clean the garden. Well, in my city, people do not really pay attention to environment protection. There are rampant littering, and spitting everywhere. The garden is supposed to be place where citizens can have fun and get some relaxation. Unfortunately, it is not very neat and clean. I would like to make it a better place for community members to enjoy themselves, and by consciously participating this kind of activity, hopefully, I can influence my friends and strangers around me so that they will be aware that environment protection is really urgent.

  2. Your school is going to help the community. Which of the following would you prefer? 1) clean litters and trash 2)plant trees and flowers 3)teach children knowledge about the environment.

  Personally, I would like to teach children knowledge about environment. To begin with, it helps to cultivate kids’ environment awareness at an early age, so when they grow up, they will definitely do something to protect the environment, like they will turn off the faucet after using the water and not waste any water, categorize the trash, not litter around. Plus, it is the younger generations’ responsibility to protect the environment, and make the world a better place for people to live in. Additionally, kids are very interesting to be around, and it is great fun to interact with them, since they are very naive and adorable, therefore one can forget about their pressure in life and study.

  I. 家庭、家庭(朋友)活动类 :

  1. Describe a time when you did something that you had never done before and explain what happened. Please include specific examples and details in your explanation.

  Well, I would like to talk about my first vacation on a beach with the whole family. I still remember that the scenery there was so different from that of my city, we drunk some coconut while appreciating the beautiful scenery along the seashore, like the banana trees and palm trees and stuff. We tried out the sea food like salmon, tuna and even some lobsters, it was from that time that I fell in love with seafood. Apart from that, the most exciting stuff I did when visiting this nice and beautiful city was sea and water activities like snorkeling, wakeboarding and even jet skiing with my dad. Even though I remembered that I got a little sun, it was well worth it.

  2. Talk about an activity that you would prefer to engage in with your friends rather than by yourself. Explain why. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

  I would say I like to travel with my friends. It is a great way for me to connect with my friends. To be more specific, we have shared responsibilities in this process, I can book the hotel and my friend can check out the flight information. We can learn how to finish a task by working together. Additionally, traveling with my friend to other cities has other benefits, we got a chance to talk to the locals and get to know their culture, customs and way of living. By interacting with them we can broaden our horizon and have new perspective on different things. These experience will benefit us enormously in or future life.

  3. Some people prefer to go traveling for their vacation. Others prefer to stay at home. Which do you prefer? Explain why. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

  I would say I like to travel for my vacation. Since lots of cities in my home country are very unique and distinctive. I can appreciate different kinds of sceneries and view if I travel around. Additionally, by traveling to other cities, we got a chance to talk to the locals and get to know their culture, customs and way of living. By interacting with them we can broaden our horizon and have new perspective on different things. These experience will benefit us enormously in or future life.

  4. Some people like travel alone. Others prefer to travel with their family. Which do you prefer and why? Please include reasons and details in your response.

  I would say I like to travel with my families. It is a great way for me to connect with my family members. To be more specific, we have shared responsibilities in this process, I can book the hotel and my brother can check out the flight information. In this process, sometimes we have to accommodate to others’ preference and interest and make concession for others. Additionally, spending some quality time with families is a big part of one’s life. Research shows that those who have strong connections with their families can be more productive in a working environment.

  5. What are the benefits of talking to older family members?

  Actually, by talking to older family members, there are lots of benefits not only to ourselves, but also to seniors. To begin with, senior have richer life experience than young people, including good and bad ones. By learning from their experience, we can avoid previous mistakes. Also, it teaches me to be a humble and modest person so I can hunker down and be successful. Plus, seniors get lonely easily, and by interacting with them, they will feel a sense of belonging to the family and that there are someone out there who care about them.

  6. Is it better to grow up in a large family or a small family? Explain why. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

  Personally, I prefer to live in a small family since you don’t have to deal with too complicated relationships with lots of family members. For example, if there are lots of members in the family, one has to go the birthday party of every single person in the family and that can be really tiring. Also, a big family is very crowded and noisy. It is very inconvenient because one might have to wait for their turn to use the bathroom. You know, it is much easier for a smaller family to agree on big decision. Plus, in a small family, it is very quiet and peaceful, one does not have a lot of triviality to deal with, and it also provides the kids a quiet environment to study.

  7. Some people think that it’s more important to spend time with families, others think they should focus on work and study. Which do you prefer?

  Personally, I think families are more important than work and study. To begin with, the people who really care about you most are your family members, your parents, sisters, and brothers, and the family members are the first group people you deal with; and when you are depressed or suffering from setbacks in life, it is your family who supports you. Lots of times, it is the encouragement and love from one’s family that makes someone stronger in life. The people who are not be able to stay with their parents when they got sick only regret that they should have spent more time with them, instead of closing business deals and stuff.

  J. 健康:

  8. What food should your school cafeteria to add to attract more people.

  Currently, the cafeteria just offers junk food, like French fries, fried chickens, and hash brown, and stuff, and these kind of food are very greasy, it is bad for students’ cardiovascular system. To attract more students, I would suggest the cafeteria add some healthy food like vegetables, you know, like salad, tomatoes, and broccoli. Also, students need to absorb enough nutrient needed for the day to concentrate on the class, I would suggest cafeteria offer some sea food, like salmon, tuna, shrimp and stuff like that. They are high in protein, low in carbs. These food are actually easy to cook, they can just steam them, and offer the seafood with some limes or lemon juice.

  K. 职业类:

  1. Police officer, transportation worker, building designer, which do you think is the most important to a city.

  I would say police is the most important job to a city, though they do not really get paid that much, what they do is very essential to the community. They prevent lawbreaking behaviors, like robbery, burglary, and even speeding, they hunt down criminals and preserve the safety of the community. Plus, you can call police officers for help, like when you neighbor is very noisy and you feel like you are disturbed, they also help to address common complaints like that. That is basically why I think police is the most important job in these three professions.

  2. Which of the following would you rather be? Lawyer, veterinarian or restaurant owner. Explain your answer in details.

  I would say I like to be a restaurant owner, doing business is like my childhood dream, it is a great profession and it brings me great personal satisfaction and monetary value, but I am aware that these reward does not come easily, cuz whenever you are making important decisions there are both opportunities and risks. Frankly, I like the excitement of doing business, and I am not the kind of person who just wants to live a risk-free life, I would say I like the thrill when you make a fortune or suffer a great loss. Apart from that, by operating a restaurant, I can provide people with nice food, and hopefully I can make people happy, and they feel like as if they were dining in their own home.

  L. 技能类:

  1. What kind of strategy do you use to handle an overwhelming amount of work.

  Well, personally, I will prioritize my schedule and focus on the most urgent things that I need to finish. For example, I got an upcoming exam next week, and a paper due next month; of course, I would concentrate on preparing for the exam. Additionally, I think I will probably try to find the most efficient and creative approach to deal with the work, and even ask help from others. For instance, one time my economics professor asked me to help her to collect some data on her research. Later, I realize that it was so overwhelming that I could not finish it by myself, so I asked my friend’s help. Finally, he helped me to finished this assignment.

  2. Which one you will learn: play a piano, swim, and repair a car.

  Personally, I would say I like to learn to play a piano. It is very relaxing to play the piano, actually, it can be a great way to release my destructive emotions, like anger, sorrow and even rage. At the same time, I can make friends with people who have the same interest, and talking to them can be great fun. Additionally, there are not a lot of people who can play instrument, if I can learn a piano, I will be very popular among my friends, thus I will stand out. Lastly, it takes lots of practice to be a master in a kind of instrument. In this process, I can develop willpower, perseverance, and persistence.

  3. If you have a chance to learn something new, which of the following would you like to learn? Flying an airplane, playing a sport or playing an musical instrument.

  I would definitely choose to play a new sport. I find it very relaxing when I play sports, it helps me to release my tension and depression that I got from both my life and study. Apart from that, playing sports is a very good way to keep healthy and try to be in good shape. It helps me to build up some muscles and be athletic, it is also good for my cardio vascular system. Lastly, I get a chance to meet new friends and broaden my social network when playing a sport, getting to know different people is a very thrilling experience for me.

  4. Your community center now offers classes on the weekends for free, which of the following class you will choose to take, give reason to explain your choice. 1) A financial course to help you manage money 2) car maintenance and repair 3)Review of Latin-American music

  I would say I like to take a financial course, cuz, it is very important for someone to be financially independent and manage their money efficiently, by going to a financial course one can learn lots of stuff, like when it is the right time to invest in stocks, or to buy gold, also, I can even understand the overall economic condition of the country. Recently, a friend told me that he signed up an on line cours on how to make wise investment in stock market, and he followed the instructions, and it turned out that he made a very good call by buying the stock from a company, which was recommended in the class, and made a big killing in it.

  M. 生活方式:

  1. Do you prefer to live alone or live with others.

  Personally, I prefer to live alone. Actually, I am a very private person, most of the time, I keep things to myself. I would get distracted if I chose to live with others who I might not be familiar with. Actually, I am highly efficient when I do things without the disturbance of others, like when I study I feel more comfortable when nobody is around me. Plus, someone you are living with might have totally different habits and schedule when it comes to when to study or sleep or even watch TV. It would be really disruptive when one wants to study while the other prefers to watch TV.

  2. If your friend has unexpectedly received a large amount of money, what would you suggest him/her to do with the money and why? Please include details and examples in your explanation.

  Personally, I would advice my friend to make some wise investment, to begin with, the inflation in my home country is pretty serious, it doesn’t make any sense to deposit the money in the bank. He should invest the money into buying some gold, real estate, cuz the real estate in my country maintains such a strong momentum, I bet he can make more money out of this. Additionally, he can also invest the money to assist lots of start-ups, and he should invest in several start-ups in different industries so as to avoid risk.

  3. Describe the most important decision you have ever made in your life and why it is important. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

  I would say the most important decision that I have made is to study abroad. I knew I would have lots of challenges, like cultural barrier, languages problems and stuff, however, I still think it is the right decision. I made lots of new friends who are from different cultural backgrounds, and by exchanging ideas with them, I learned their culture, language, customs, and even way of living, and I think that is very cool. For example, I learned they had different perspective on lots of issues, like, they respect more about a person’s privacy, and people enjoy more personal freedom than people in my country.

  4. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? People should dress according to the latest fashion.

  Well, I don’t think people should dress according to the latest fashion. To begin with, people are pretty busy with their own stuff, like students I are overwhelmed by different kinds of assignment like presentations, problem sets, papers and sometimes they have to stay up late to cram for exams. Actually, following the fashion can be very time consuming. Additionally, it costs of a lot of money. For example, a designer outfit can cost you as much as a few hundred dollar, and I don’t think working professionals can afford that.

  5. When things at home such as furniture are broken, do you prefer to have them repaired in a shop or fix them by yourself?

  Well, personally I prefer to get service in a shop. To begin with, most of the time, it is pretty tough to fix broken furniture, and it can be really time consuming. Like, for me, I am a college student who is busy with all kinds of assignments, like papers, presentations, and group projects and stuff, scarcely do I have time to fix things, and frankly speaking sometime, it is impossible for me to fix something without the help of professionals, like when my car breaks down, I don’t even know what goes wrong and I don’t have the tools, with which to fix that. So, based on these reasons, I will seek professionals for help.

  N. 课余生活(旅行、义工、社团等)

  1. Your school has a program that allows students to visit workplaces. What place would you choose to observe and learn about?

  1. A science laboratory 2. A business office 3. A Television studio

  Personally, I choose to visit a science lab. Most of the time the things we learn in classrooms are very theoretical, and hard to understand. Going the lab I got a chance to use the lab equipment and apply theory in practice. Apart from that, I can also interact with the scientists working in the lab and enlighten myself. Like, a chemist can give you some information on frontier issues in the biochemistry field, or they might tell you something about a new drug to cure cancer, and that will make me very excited.

  2. If you have an opportunity to go to a free class during the weekend,which of the following would you choose to go to public speaking, starting your own business, or photography and why? Please include details and examples in your explanation.

  Personally, I would like to attend a public speaking class. It is a very important skills not only for a student but also for a professional in a working environment. As a student, we might need to write a paper, and present it in front of the fellow students, if you have excellent public speaking skills, you are likely to convey your ideas and research result much more effectively. Also, for a professional, one might need to present their product and show it to the client, the public speaking class can help them to be more persuasive and convincing.

  3. Which of the following would you prefer as a volunteer in the community – assisting visitors with locating books using computers, reading to young children, or shelving books and magazines? Explain why. Please include reasons and details in your explanation.

  Personally, I would like to read to young children. To begin with, they are very innocent and naive, and they are fun to be around. It is relaxing to be with the kids. Additionally, kids can be a real handful, so when reading book to them, I can develop my patience. You know, kids might misbehave, they interrupt you, ask very innocent question, walk around when you teach them how to read In this process, I can learn the techniques to supervise and manage the kids.

  4. Which of the following activities do you prefer to do with friends. 1. taking a walk 2. going to a movie 3. traveling to another city

  I would say I like to travel with my friends. Since lots of cities in my home country are very unique and distinctive. Just taking a walk or going to movie with friends are just too boring, and they are not special enough for us to remember when we look back the day we spend together. By traveling with my friend to other cities, we got a chance to talk to the locals and get to know their culture, customs and way of living. By interacting with them we can broaden our horizon and have new perspective on different things. These experience will benefit us enormously in or future life, plus, we can also connect more with each other while traveling together.

  5. Science club, hiking club, which one are you interested in?

  Personally, I would like to choose to join the science club. To begin with, I bet there will be field trip to research centers and science labs. By going to the lab, I got a chance to use the lab equipment and apply theory in practice. It is very helpful for me to understand some theories since most of the time the things we learn in classrooms are very theoretical, and hard to understand. Also, by doing activities in the lab, I can be more creative and imaginative. Possibly, We can come up with lots of idea with regard of the theories, and make contribution to the technological advancement, and then it might be applied in the real world, thus benefits the entire human race.