托福阅读真题练习:神经系统的文本+题目+答案

托福阅读真题哪里有?大家平时备考托福阅读考试的时候都用的是哪些真题呢?除了TPO的托福阅读真题以外,大家进行托福阅读的练习大多数可能都是根据老托资料或者是课外资料来练习了。那么到哪里去找到托福阅读真题来进行练习呢? 托福阅读如何进行备考?除了大量的托福词汇储备以外,大家可能最需要的就是托福阅读真题的练习。那么除了TPO你还有哪些托福阅读真题进行练习呢?今天小编就为大家整理了托福阅读真题100篇:神经系统的文本、题目以及答案,希望可以帮助到大家。

托福阅读真题练习:神经系统的文本+题目+答案

托福阅读100篇真题练习汇总:http://toefl.zhan.com/tfziliao63739.html托福阅读文本:

The nervous system of vertebrates is characterized by a hollow, dorsal nerve cord that ends in the head region as an enlargement, the brain. Even in its most primitive form this cord and its attached nerves are the result of evolutionary specialization, and their further evolution from lower to higher vertebrate classes is a process that is far from fully understood. Nevertheless, the basic arrangements are similar in all vertebrates, and the study of lower animals gives insight into the form and structure of the nervous system of higher animals. Moreover, for any species, the study of the embryological development of the nervous system is indispensable for an understanding of adult morphology.

In any vertebrate two chief parts of the nervous system may be distinguished. These are the central nervous system (the nerve cord mentions above), consisting of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, consisting of the cranial, spinal, and peripheral nerves, together with their motor and sensory endings. The term “autonomic nervous system” refers to the parts of the central and peripheral systems that supply and regulate the activity of cardiac muscle, smooth muscle, and many glands.

The nervous system is composed of many millions of nerve and glial cells, together with blood vessels and a small amount of connective tissue. The nerve cells, or “neurons”, are characterized by many processes and are specialized in that they exhibit to a great degree the phenomena of irritability and conductivity. The glial cells of the central nervous system are supporting cells collectively termed “neuroglia”. They are characterized by short processes that have special relationships to neurons, blood vessels, and connective tissue. The comparable cells in the peripheral nervous system are termed “neurilemmal” cells.

托福阅读题目:

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The parts of a neuron

(B) The structure of animals’ nerve

(C) The nervous system of vertebrates

(D) The development of the brain

2.According to the passage , the nerve cord of vertebrates is

(A) large

(B) hollow

(C) primitive

(D) embryological

3. The author implies that a careful investigation of a biological structure in an embryo may

(A) Improved research of the same structure in other species

(B)A better understanding of the fully developed structure

(C) Discovering ways in which poor development can be corrected

(D)A method by which scientists can document the various stages of development

4. The two main parts of the central nervous system are the brain and the

(A) sensory endings

(B) cranial nerve

(C) spinal cord

(D) peripheral nerves

5. All of the following are described as being controlled by the autonomic nervous system EXCEPT

(A) connective tissue

(B) cardiac muscle

(C) glandular activity

(D) smooth muscle

6. In what lines does the author identify certain characteristic of nerve cells?

(A) lines 1-2

(B) lines 9-12

(C) lines 12-14

(D) lines 16-18

托福阅读答案:

CBBCAD

以上就是小编为大家整理的托福阅读100篇真题练习:神经系统的文本、题目以及答案,大家在托福阅读考试进行备考的过程当中也可以拿这些题目来进行练习,相信对于你的托福阅读考试成绩提升会很有帮助。最后,小编预祝大家托福考试能取得理想的成绩。