新东方Tiffany老师:跳开雅思阅读的“坑”,雅思7.5分不是问题!

文/天津新东方国外考试部 Tiffany老师


一提到“跳题”,估计很多小伙伴一脸懵了。我听说过“顺序”,“乱序”,但是没听说过“跳题”,这又是哪一出呢?

来,烤鸭们,这次天津新东方国外考试部Tiffany老师就给大家分析一下跳题情况的发生以及应对措施。

什么是跳题?

“跳题”指的是本来应该按顺序出的题,但是没有按照顺序,变化也不大,不是乱序。跳题的形式一共出现过两种,给大家举个例子:

第一种:

题号:12345 在文中顺序:31245 12435 15234 ……

上面例子,第一个我们可以理解为是3跳了,第二个是4或3跳了,第三个是5跳了。即这几道题没有在它应该在的位置上。但是我们去掉跳了的题,大家会发现,剩下的几道还是有序的,所以这种情况我们称之为“跳题”,而不是“乱序”。其实跳了的题,对于大家来时,就是小难点,拔高的题。

第二种:

题号:12345 在文中顺序:45123 或 34512

上面例子,我有时会把它称之为分组跳,即一组题分为两波,前后颠倒位置,这就很坑人了,本来以为在后面玩命找,结果在前面!本来以为在前面的,玩命找,结果在后面。

有同学就该不高兴了,哈。但是,人家是出题官考试方,人家想怎么整就怎么整,咱们只能好好做题,好好分析,好好听话。

新东方Tiffany老师:跳开雅思阅读的“坑”,雅思7.5分不是问题!

空题中什么样的题型会跳题呢?

通过总结剑5-12几本权威真题,我们发现出现过跳题的填空题型有:摘要题(带选项和不带选项都有),表格题,图形题这三种。都长什么样?咱们来看看图例。

新东方Tiffany老师:跳开雅思阅读的“坑”,雅思7.5分不是问题!

新东方Tiffany老师:跳开雅思阅读的“坑”,雅思7.5分不是问题!

新东方Tiffany老师:跳开雅思阅读的“坑”,雅思7.5分不是问题!

新东方Tiffany老师:跳开雅思阅读的“坑”,雅思7.5分不是问题!

大家看清了吧?遇到上面几种题型的时候,做题时要是遇到我描述的小bug,就说明有可能是跳题了!那么跳题情况我们怎么解决呢?这是重点!!

新东方Tiffany老师:跳开雅思阅读的“坑”,雅思7.5分不是问题!

如何解决“跳题”现象?

有小伙伴会问,“老师,跳不跳题,我们怎么知道呢?”,“对,从表面上看,我们是不会知道的,只能做着题看。” 我们会顺序做题,当你做出小bug时,就有可能是跳题了。这时特别挑战大家的能力,这也是拔高的地方。某题在你拟定的位置上没有,是真的没有还是你没找到?如果你确认是真的没有,可以往别处找找;如果你不能确认,还到处去找,这就浪费时间了,还不如不做这道题呢。

给大家说一个跳题的规律,我自己称之为“最近的跳题”。即某题确定跳题了,在剩下的几道题的周围找,不要隔好几段去找,那样就跑远了。说了这么多,来个例题吧!

剑8 Test2 Passage2 The Little Ice Age

A 。。。

B The Little Ice Age lasted from roughly 1300 until the middle of the nineteenth century. Only two centuries ago, Europe experienced a cycle of bitterly cold winters; mountain glaciers in the Swiss Alps were the lowest in recorded memory, and pack ice surrounded Iceland for much of the year. The climatic events of the Little Ice Age did more than help shape the modern world. They are the deeply important context for the current unprecedented global warming. The Little Ice Age was far from a deep freeze, however; rather an irregular seesaw of rapid climatic shifts, few lasting more than a quarter-century, driven by complex and still little understood interactions between the atmosphere and the ocean. The seesaw brought cycles of intensely cold winters and easterly winds, then Switched abruptly to years of heavy spring and early summer rains, mild winters, and frequent Atlantic storms, or to periods of droughts, light northeasterly winds, and summer heat waves.

C Reconstructing the climate changes of the past is extremely difficult, because systematic weather observations began only a few centuries ago, in Europe and North America. Records from India and tropical Africa are even more recent. For the time before records began, we have only ‘proxy records’ reconstructed largely from tree rings and ice cores, supplemented by a few incomplete written accounts.

Weather during the Little Ice Age

Documentation of past weather conditions is limited: our main sources of knowledge of conditions in the distant past are 18………..and 19…………….. we can deduce that the Little Ice Age was a time of 20………….. , rather than of consistent freezing. Within it there were some periods of very cold winters, other of 21……………and heavy rain, and yet others that saw 22…………….with no rain at all.

A climatic shifts B ice cores C tree rings

D glaciers E interactions F weather observations

G heat waves H storms I written accounts

我们一起看一下这组题,我们做18-22题,从文章A段开始找,但是我们先看到了20-22的关键词在B段中间靠后大量出现而且都是原词(眼神要好!)。这时我们会先把后面做了,然后往前找18和19,18和19好找的地方在于关键词明显一直在谈past,而且是并列结构(大福利!)。这时,大家会发现A段和B段前面是没有18 19对应点的。这时我们应该抓住22,顺着往后找找试试。这时就到了C段开头,一样就可以看到past,顺藤摸瓜,我们再去找并列,答案也就显而易见了。

总结一下,跳题的现象大家在做题时,还是要多注意的,尤其是要得7.5分以上的同学。其实我们就按照一个宗旨做填空题就好,那就是:严格按照定位标准,哪能对上,就从哪出答案,管它跳没跳题,这么一说,思路就又回归简单化了。这个知识点就给大家讲到这啦,如果大家还有什么不明白的,来问Tiffany老师吧!

新东方Tiffany老师:跳开雅思阅读的“坑”,雅思7.5分不是问题!