2017年5月13日雅思真题回忆

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2017年5月13日雅思真题回忆

雅思听力真题回忆:

Section One

场景:课外活动

题型:配对4,填空6

内容概述:一个女生打电话咨询艺术活动

配对4 :

1. E更改了时间

2. A场地原因活动取消

3. D活动免费,因为有赞助商

4. G卖光了

5.关于她的新的opera

6.场地 theater

7.价格30

8.地点一library

9.地点二Town hall

10.地点三studio

Section Two

场景:银行购物

题型:单选6,双选题5选2两个

内容概述:加拿大买房的建议

单选5:

11. A Closing Fee 里面包含了 Inception Fee

12. B 每个月都要买的保险insurance

13. A

14. C街区一的特点适合家庭

15. B街区二的特点有很多步行公园

16. A街区三的特点,适合larger bugdet预算充足的人

17. C公寓的两个缺点

18. D

19. A condo这种房型的两个有点

20. E

Section Three

场景:作业讨论

题型:填空10

内容概述:考古课程的介绍

21.所有课都可以和考古学课结合在一起除了 Classical History

22. compulsory 是必修课

23.第一个module 的名字 Object Matters

24.课程的一个步骤classification

25.考核是以course work为标准

26.第二个module 的名字 Towns and Cities

27.考核以oral exam为标准

28.第三个module探讨了城市的origins

29.考核以seminars

30.location稍后会公布出来

Section Four

场景:科普物品

题型:填空10

内容概述:英国的极限运动发展

填空10 :

31.极限运动也叫做lifestyle sports

32.随着equipment的提高,受伤越来越少

33. traditional sports玩的人越来越少

34. Factory workers 发明的

35.贵族发明了golf

36.年轻人喜欢极限运动是因为regulations比较少

37.年轻人不喜欢固定时间的training

38.极限运动可以锻炼克服fear

39.越来越entertainment

40.会降低他们的 sense of community

雅思阅读真题回忆:

Passage One

题材:经济

题目:Butterflies farms : new resources or zoos

A

THERE’S no animal that symbolises rainforest diversity quite as spectacularly as the tropical butterfly. Anyone lucky enough to see these creatures flitting between patches of sunlight cannot fail to be impressed by the variety of theirpatterns. But why do they display such colourful exuberance? Until recently, this was almost as pertinent a question as it had been when the 19th-century naturalists, armed only with butterfly nets and insatiable curiosity, battled through the rainforests. These early explorers soon realised that although some of the butterflies’ bright colours are there to attract a mate, others are warning signals. They send out a message to any predators: “Keep off, we’re poisonous.” And because wearing certain patterns affords protection, other species copy them. Biologists use the term “mimicry rings” for these clusters of impostors and their evolutionary idol.

B

But here’s the conundrum. “Classical mimicry theory says that only a single ring should be found in any one area,” explains George Beccaloni of the Natural History Museum, London. The idea is that in each locality there should be just the one pattern that best protects its wearers. Predators would quickly learn to avoid it and eventually all mimetic species in a region should converge upon it. “The fact that this is patently not the case has been one of the major problems in mimicry research,” says Beccaloni. In pursuit of a solution to the mystery of mimetic exuberance, Beccaloni set off for one of the megacentres for butterfly diversity, the point where the western edge of the Amazon basin meets the foothills of the Andes in Ecuador. “It’s exceptionally rich, but comparatively well collected, so I pretty much knew what was there, says Beccaloni.” The trick was to work out how all the butterflies were organised and how this related to mimicry.”

C

Working at the Jatun Sacha Biological Research Station on the banks of the Rio Napo, Beccaloni focused his attention on a group of butterflies

called ithomiines. These distant relatives of Britain’s Camberwell Beauty are abundant throughout Central and South America and the Caribbean.

They are famous for their bright colours, toxic bodies and complex mimetic relationships. “They can comprise up to 85 per cent of the individuals in a mimicry ring and their patterns are mimicked not just by butterflies, but by other insects as diverse as damselflies and true bugs,” says Philip DeVries of the Milwaukee Public Museum’s Center for Biodiversity Studies.

D

Even though all ithomiines are poisonous, it is in their interests to evolve to look like one another because predators that learn to avoid one species

will also avoid others that resemble it. This is known as Miillerian mimicry. Mimicry rings may also contain insects that are not toxic, but gain protection by looking likes a model species that is: an adaptation called Batesian mimicry. So strong is an experienced predator’s avoidance response that even quite inept resemblance gives some protection. “Often there will be a whole series of species that mimic, with varying degrees of verisimilitude, a focal or model species,” says John Turner from the University of Leeds. “The results of these deceptions are some of the most exquisite examples of evolution known to science.” In addition to colour, many mimics copy behaviours and even the flight pattern of their model species.

E

But why are there so many different mimicry rings? One idea is that species flying at the same height in the forest canopy evolve to look like one another. “It had been suggested since the 1970s that mimicry complexes were stratified by flight height,” says DeVries. The idea is that wing colour patterns are camouflaged against the different patterns of light and shadow at each level in the canopy, providing a first line of defence against predators.” But the light patterns and wing patterns don’t match very well,” he says. And observations show that the insects do not shift in height as the day progresses and the light patterns change. Worse still, according to DeVries, this theory doesn’t explain why the model species is flying at that particular height in the first place.

F

“When I first went out to Ecuador, I didn’t believe the flight height hypothesis and set out to test it,” says Beccaloni.”A few weeks with the collecting net convinced me otherwise. They really flew that way.” What he didn’t accept, however, was the explanation about light patterns. “I thought, if this idea really is true, and I can work out why, it could help explain why there are so many different warning patterns in any one place. Then we might finally understand how they could evolve in such a complex way.” The job was complicated by the sheer diversity of species involved at Jatun Sacha. Not only were there 56 ithomiine butterfly species divided among eight mimicry rings, there were also 69 other insect species, including 34 day-flying moths and a damselfly, all in a 200-hectare study area. Like many entomologists before him, Beccaloni used a large bag-like net to capture his prey. This allowed him to sample the 2.5 metres immediately above the forest floor. Unlike many previous workers, he kept very precise notes on exactly where he caught his specimens.

G

The attention to detail paid off. Beccaloni found that the mimicry rings were flying at two quite separate altitudes. “Their use of the forest was quite distinctive,” he recalls. “For example, most members of the clear-winged mimicry ring would fly close to the forest floor, while the majority of the 12 species in the tiger-winged ring fly high up.” Each mimicry ring had its own characteristic flight height.

H

However, this being practice rather than theory, things were a bit fuzzy. “They’d spend the majority of their time flying at a certain height. But they’d also spend a smaller proportion of their time flying at other heights,” Beccaloni admits. Species weren’t stacked rigidly like passenger jets waiting to land, but they did appear to have a preferred airspace in the forest. So far, so good, but he still hadn’t explained what causes the various groups of ithomiines and their chromatic consorts to fly in formations at these particular heights.

I

Then Beccaloni had a bright idea. “I started looking at the distribution of ithomiine larval food plants within the canopy,” he says. “For each one I’d record the height to which the host plant grew and the height above the ground at which the eggs or larvae were found. Once I got them back to the field station’s lab, it was just a matter of keeping them alive until they pupated and then hatched into adults which I could identify.”

题型:判断7 ,多项选择题3 ,选择题4

文章主旨:文章讲了一个蝴蝶农场带的出现并能带来经济效益,对比了60年代蝴蝶农场在英国的兴起和衰落,并从几位3位专家分析了蝴蝶农场经济发展出现的问题:选址,玻璃房的设置,样本的丰富度,该市场市场缺少法律等问题。原文后三段主要是围绕2个科学家对于蝴蝶农场发展中的个人态度和提出的问题以及建议。

判断7

1.butterflies farmers are popular in the tropic areas F 原文只第一段定位 只是提及热带地区有很多蝴蝶however转折的是蝴蝶农场在英国等等国家很人民也可以通过蝴蝶农场看蝴蝶。

2.the butterflies farms are in the declining trend F 原文说这种经济起初能很快赚钱但持续时间很短并后文分析提出了原因。

3.rare species are more difficult to breed than many others T 原文 些少数品种不适用玻璃房老师想飞出去。

4.many butterflies spices have a longer life expectancy than in wild T 原文说倒数第四段提及in wild there are more predators。

5.many butterflies may cause health problems T 原文最后一P进是及及 health issues。

6. the butterflies farms market needs Act. T 原文最后一段 M.collins 专加 的建议是指定法律规范蝴蝶市场。

7. 更具某专家:butterflies specimen should not be posted T not be posted定位倒数第二段

多项选择题3

8-10.蝴蝶农场失败的原因

A : not enough specimen on display

C:lack of educational phase

D: without appropriate breeding environment

单选:11-14

题目分别是让我们选出几个专家对蝴蝶农场的建议和发展问题的正确选项(答案在倒数后四段)

ABDB

Passage Two

题材:社会

题目:A new look for Talbot Park

题型:配对6,细节填空题3 ,人物配对3 文章主旨*

第一段:概述了 Talbot park这个地区的新的漂亮的城市面貌;

第二段:作者回忆几十年前这个地区的面貌:每家每户有个大大的院子,孩子在草地上嘻嘻做游戏,没有暄嚣和犯罪,一片祥和安逸的环境;

第三段:转折,然而随着high density在这个地区所产生的一系列的负面影响和问题,院子越来越小,犯罪越来越多,晚上也越来越吵闹。以前的好的景色和房屋也受到损坏…等问题;

第四段:人们提出重新建造talbot park的方案,并列出了几点如何规划和重新建造这个地区的建议;

第五段:分析了这个地区的居民的种族构成和设计要求;

第六段:这个地区和national are地区相比存在的financial hardship;

第七段:一个L community manager提出的我们要通过supervision and regulations的手段提高community的环境保证这个地区人们能 有一个好的 neighborhoods;

第八段:某D 姓的community manager 说要organize community增加community integrity ,保安走在路上能叫上当地居民的名字来。

主旨配对:15-20

VI: list中的mix races和design定位第四段

IV :分析了设计新城的建议

III : list中的high density定位第三段分析了该城现在存在的问题

I:list中的unexpected design表示作者对新城的感叹定位第一段

VII : supervision and regulations 定位

II:list的原句中出现the past experience定位原文第二段回顾以前生活方式

细节填空3 : 21-23

Higher density of accommodation may make the problems return.

A series of approaches could be taken on solving these problems.

Supervision and regulations are required to create the community.

人物配对:24-26

24: M专家的建议:B

25: D 专家:F more community activities 定位

26: L 管理者:C Supervision and regulations 定位

Passage Three

题材:科学

题目:looking for inspiration

题型:配对7 ,填空3 ,判断4

文章主旨:文章主要讲了人的什么会影响人的inspiration以及一些测试人inspiration的方法并且分析了几位专家对于人的哪些方面会影响到 人的 inspiration。

主旨配对

27-33. ACBDEF

填空:34-36 :

人的大脑一般很活跃除了有些dreaming的时候,某专家的理论对IQ的研究分为 2 个部分:inspiration and elaboration Creativity是区分上面两个过程的关键。

判断题:37-40

T

T:语言会影响人的inspiration

F

T

雅思写作真题回忆:

小作文

题型:地图

题目 The diagrams shows a museum and its surroundings in 1990 and 2010.

Describe the difference and compare them if possible.

相似考试日期2015-10-08

2017年5月13日雅思真题回忆

大作文

题题材:社会类

题目 In some countries, it’s possible to buy a wide variety of foods transported from other countries. To what extent the benefits outweigh its drawbacks.