托福阅读句子插入题解题套路就这三个!附实例分析

托福阅读句子插入题解题套路就这三个!附实例分析

在托福阅读的十种题型中,句子插入题难度适中。每篇文章必定只考一题并且一定位于每篇文章的倒数第二题。这个题型的根本目的是在考察考生对句间关系的把握。对于这类题要牢牢把握题目给出的插入句,尽可能多的从该句子中获得有用线索和信息,提取线索的主要目的是预判上下文的内容/情感态度等,为接下来的验证过程提供参考信息,会非常有助于同学们答题。


那同学们要从插入句中获得什么样的线索信息呢?总的来说,能从插入句中提取的线索基本有两种:


指代关系,可以是人称代词,如he, she, they等等,也可以是指示类的,如that, this, the, such等等。我们通过这些词可以推测出前一句所涉及到的主语,宾语等重要信息,从而快速的定位。


逻辑关系,还有一些插入句中含有某些逻辑关系词,能让我们对前文进行预判,如因果(because, therefore, thus, consequently, as a result等 ),转折(but, while, however, although, nevertheless等),递进(moreover, furthermore, also, as,in addition等)等。如果被插入句中含有某个逻辑关系词,我们就可以根据其表达的逻辑关系推测出前文中内容。


此外,在灵活运用这两种常规解题线索时,也要学会使用排除法帮助解题。解题时需要关注选项的前后两句话之间是否本身已有指代或者逻辑联系,如果有便不能再插入一句话把该联系断开。


总的来说,在解答句子插入题时应该先准确找出插入句中的线索,对上下文内容进行预判。同时注意正向选择和排除法的结合使用,最后核对验证时要注意做到上下文的整体衔接和连贯。


例题示范:

Nomadism also subjects pastoralist communities to strict rules of portability. ■If you are constantly on the move, you cannot afford to accumulate large material surpluses. ■Such rules limit variations in accumulated material goods between pastoralist households (though they may also encourage a taste for portable goods of high value such as silks or jewelry). ■So, by and large, nomadism implies a high degree of self-sufficiency and inhibits the appearance of an extensive division of labor. ■Inequalities of wealth and rank certainly exist, and have probably existed in most pastoralist societies, but except in periods of military conquest, they are normally too slight to generate the stable, hereditary hierarchies that are usually implied by the use of the term class. Inequalities of gender have also existed in pastoralist societies, but they seem to have been softened by the absence of steep hierarchies of wealth in most communities, and also by the requirement that women acquire most of the skills of men, including, often, their military skills.

 

Look at the four squares [■] that indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage.

 

 There is a good reason for this.

 

Where would the sentence best fit?


解题要点:

从插入句中提取指代关系词(this)和逻辑关系词(reason),预判正确选项前后的两个句子之间必须是因果关系,而且是前果后因,而插入句只是一句过渡的句子。


B选项的后句中的such rules之前必须有指代,B不适合,可排除。


C选项后句中的so虽然表示因果关系,但表示的是前因后果,不符合预测,可排除。


D选项最难判断,因为D项前的句子句首刚好有表示结果的so,会很有误导性。但需要思考清楚,句子以so开始,说明原因为so所引导的句子的的前一句。此外D项前后句的意思也不能构成因果关系,所以D项也不恰当。


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