年后第一场托福又是AB卷?详细解析,说明你考的是真托福

年后第一场托福又是AB卷?详细解析,说明你考的是真托福

昨天是年后的第一场托福考试,然鹅2017年的第三场就再次出现AB卷,你们还好吗?

  • 2017.1.7 (第一场-新题)

  • 2017.1.14(第二场-AB卷-A新B旧)

  • 2017.2.18(第三场-AB卷-A新B旧)

Notice

  • 1-2月份出现大量新题是因为ETS为了保证考试的公平性,避免机经对分数影响

  • 虽然出现了新题,但是难度均不大,上半年的口语跟写作不会被压分

  • 2016年有6次出现AB卷,综合来看,今年接下来的托福考试出现AB卷的次数在4-5次

  • B卷的旧题目里依然有真题出现,昨天的B卷中综合写作部分重复了2016.03.19的内容,这一部分,凯奔的老师课上有讲过。

听力

  • B卷的Section对话是一个学生和学校电台经理的,学生想能够给电台的Moment of Science写个两分钟的episode script

  • SECTION的第一篇心理学讲座讲的是false belief(笔记如下图)

年后第一场托福又是AB卷?详细解析,说明你考的是真托福

年后第一场托福又是AB卷?详细解析,说明你考的是真托福

年后第一场托福又是AB卷?详细解析,说明你考的是真托福

听力考的怎么样?我们继续讲

阅读

B卷3篇阅读分别是:

  • The Print Revolution

  • The Medieval Agricultural Revolution

  • The Evolution of Grass and Herbivores

第一篇讲述了打印的发展原因和影响,内容重复2016.09.24(The advent of printing)、2016.08.21(The birth of the printing press in Europe)、2014.06.28(The development of printing)、2016.02.27(同2014.06.28)、2010.12.04(The advantages of printing)

第二篇讲了中世纪农业革命的原因,内容重复2015.01.11、2015.11.14的The plow and the horse in medieval Europe

第三篇分析了草和食草动物的进化关系,这篇是新题。具体结构图如下:

年后第一场托福又是AB卷?详细解析,说明你考的是真托福

写作

独立写作:

  • 综合写作(阅读):土星最大的卫星Titan存在三个无法解释的不同寻常的特征

  • 综合写作(听力):最新研究表明这三个特征都是可以被解释的

独立写作:

Question:

Sometimes people are assigned to work in a group on a project.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

The group will be helped more by a person who is willing to do what other group members want than by a person who often strongly insists that things should be done in a way that is different from what the group wants to do.

Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

口语

➤Task 1

商业机会,医疗,教育哪个对国家发展最重要

➤Task 2

是否同意说现代娱乐科技导致人们少阅读了

➤Task 3

【阅读】Top student should receive money 化学专业的学生应该不仅获得certificate也要有钱。

➤Task 4

learner centred teaching,例子是教授女儿学吉他

➤Task 5

【问题】男生参加reward dinner没正装。

【方案】1.可以去town买,但以后考试多买衣服费时。

2.可以就穿个衬衫啥的,因为没有强制要求正装,但是这样不够。

➤Task 6

insect pheromone两种用途。

1.定位,蜜蜂回家例子。

2.交配信号,蛾子例子。

口语部分的task 5跟2014.05.11的对话展开逻辑相似

以上就是昨天的托福考场回顾

祝愿各位取得越来越好的成绩


来【凯奔教育】刷题、泡课、出分吧

No.1

【基础】→ 小白专属

【强化】→ 王者进阶

【冲刺】→ 大神养成

No.2

各阶段课程任意搭配

从新手速成→成为大神

No.3

【VIP:1v1、1v2】→ 弱项定点突破

让我们开始做思想上的巨人

行动上的超人吧


【火热招募】

快点私聊微信【15150590852】

随着新的一年到来,托福考试难度开始有所回归

口语、写作的压分现象也会减少

建议各位,珍惜年初的时间

在2-3月份考一次托福

一定会是不错的出分时间

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表今日头条立场。

2018年申请:ACT、托福备考规划关键节点

近年来美国名校越来越难申,也要求我们提早规划,打有准备的仗。已经响起号角的2018年申请要如何根据自己的情况进行规划、准备呢?这里给大家奉上万字干货,希望对大家有所帮助。

整体规划 :早起步,重节奏,有计划

2018年申请:ACT、托福备考规划关键节点

时间节点:知套路,早安排,巧申请

其实美国大学申请和我们国内填志愿一样,都有它一定的套路。比如说,它的申请类型和申请时间,基本每年都不会有太大的变化。

2018年申请:ACT、托福备考规划关键节点

其中有几个非常重要的时间节点,一一罗列了出来。

2018年申请:ACT、托福备考规划关键节点

11月1日是大部分美国大学的早申请截止日期,这一轮录取率高,但往往很多学校会有限额,所以要谨慎选择早申的学校。11月30日是加州大学体系的申请截止日期,12月1日是德州、伊利诺伊州香槟分校以及华盛顿大学申请截止日期,这些大学历来都是独立招生,没有早申请和常规申请之说,而且仅此一轮招生,要注意把握机会。

此外,大部分学校在来年的1月1日和1月15日作为常规申请和第二轮早申的截止日期,当然这是最后一轮的申请机会。

ED相当于SAT多考了100分?

哈佛公共政策教授Christopher Avery和斯坦福经济学家Jonathan Levin曾估计,提前申请的优势相当于SAT多考了100分,今年最新的早申结果显示,美国名校把接近一半的录取名额的给了早申学生,明年或依旧延续此趋势。

从40年前常青藤和麻省理工发起提前申请开始,至今有超过450所美国大学提供这类选择。《华盛顿邮报》曾报道,2015年有37所学校的新生,通过提前决定入学的超过所有新生比例的40%。其中宾夕法尼亚大学在提前录取中录取了54%的学生。

我们知道提前申请大致可分两种:Early Decision/ED(学生如果被录取就要接受offer)和Early Action/EA(学生不需要作出承诺,只会提前知道自己的录取结果)。ED对提高学生被学校录取的几率的效果比EA更加明显。

2018年申请:ACT、托福备考规划关键节点

数据来自Avery和Levin的论文

《Early Admissions at Selective Colleges》

(表格最后一行:平衡了两批学生的资质后的录取率)

因此,同学们要抓紧2017年的早申时间。

留学日历:重实际,灵活变,要保底

2017年1月~3月

以参加托福考试为主,同时可以开始准备AP、SAT、ACT的备考计划和报名工作。

2017年4月

如果要考ACT,此月可以开始考试。不准备参加ACT考试的同学则准备SAT、SAT2的备考计划和报名。

2017年5月

参加SAT、SAT2、AP考试,准备ACT报名。

2017年6月

参加SAT、SAT2、ACT考试。同时可以开始个人陈述的书写和选校工作,关注美国大学的暑期活动和夏校要求。

2017年7月~8月

利用暑假,再参加一次托福考试;申请参加美国大学的夏令营、实习、夏校等;筹备推荐信相关事宜;在Common Application上注册好账户;选定3-4个早申请学校,正式开始学校补充文章的书写(每年8月1号才会更新当年的文书题目),参加第三方面试;根据SAT和ACT成绩决定9、10月考试情况。

2017年9月

准备存款证明、推荐信、成绩单。

2017年10月

成绩不理想就继续参加标准化考试,但10月的分数基本无法用于早申请,但可在后续申请中使用;完成文书的撰写。

2017年11月

完成早申请工作;完成加州系统高校的申请工作;继续参加托福考试和准备文书。

2017年12月

对常规申请的学校做好最后考虑,申请的学校数量一般在15个上下,其中保底的3个左右、中档5-6个、冲刺4-5个、试试运气1-2个。

2018年1月~2月

查询录取结果;留意递交申请奖学金材料的最后截止日期。

2018年3月~4月

大部分大学寄出录取通知书。

2018年5月

答复大学是否同意入学,另外Waiting list一般也会在5月或6月初有消息。

希望同学们早作准备,期待你们的好消息。

关注“沃邦教育”官方微信(ionebest),获取更多SAT、托福等考试信息以及留学资讯。

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表今日头条立场。

46个最容易搞错的英语词组和21个最容易拼错的单词

单词简单组成词组就会难道一大片同胞,单词一字母或者顺序之差就会产生一个“新”的单词,而在每一个留学备考中单词与词组必不可少,SAT、ACT、托福等都会考察,海外生活也是离不开,分享46个最容易搞错意思的英语词组(蜜汁尴尬)和21个最容易拼错的单词,不信你来试试你能对多少。

46个最容易搞错的英语词组和21个最容易拼错的单词

46个最容易搞错的英语词组

1.Sporting house=妓院

误解:体育室

2.Dead president=美钞

误解:死了的总统

3.Senior citizen=老年人

误解:高级公民

4.Wash one’s hands=上厕所

误解:洗手

5.A black sheep=害群之马

误解:一只黑羊

6.Pull sb’s leg=开玩笑

误解:拖后腿

7.African American=美国黑人

误解:非洲美国人

8.Eat one’s words=收回前言,改正错话

误解:食言

9.Mad doctor=精神病科医生

误解:发疯的医生

10.Eleventh hour=最后时刻

误解:十一点

11.Personal remark=人身攻击

误解:个人评论

12.Sweet water=淡水

误解:糖水或者甜水

13.Confidence man=骗子

误解:信得过的人

14.Criminal lawyer=刑事律师

误解:犯罪的律师

15.Dressing room=化妆室

误解:试衣间或者更衣室

16.Horse sense=常识

误解:马的感觉

17.Capital idea=好主意

误解:资本主义思想

18.Familiar talk=庸俗的交谈

误解:熟悉的谈话

19.Green hand=新手

误解:绿手

20.Have a fit=勃然大怒

误解:试穿

21.

Black art=妖术

误解:黑色艺术

22.Chinese dragon=麒麟

误解:中国龙

23.Red tape=官僚习气

误解:红色带子

24.China policy=对华政策

误解:中华政策

25.White man=忠实可靠的人

误解:皮肤白色的人

26.Black stranger=完全陌生的人

误解:陌生的黑人

27.An apple of love=西红柿

误解:爱情之果

28.Handwriting on the wall=不祥之兆

误解:大字报

29.Bring down the house=博得满堂喝彩

误解:推倒房子

30.Blind date=(由第三者安排的)男女初次见面

误解:盲目的约会或者是瞎约会

31.Roadside business=汽车饭店;汽车旅馆;汽车影院

误解:路边店

32.American Dream=美国的生活方式,美国人的自由民主观念

误解:美国梦

33.Yellow book=黄皮书(法国政府报告书,以黄纸为封)

误解:黄色书籍

34.Blue stocking=女学者,女才子

误解:蓝色长筒袜

35.American beauty=一种玫瑰,名叫美丽动人

误解:美国美女

36.English disease=软骨病

误解:英国病

37.Indian summer=愉快宁静的晚年

误解:印度的夏日

38.Greek gift=害人的礼品

误解:希腊的礼物

39.Spanish athlete=吹牛的人

误解:西班牙的运动员

40.French chalk=滑石粉

误解:法国粉笔

41.In ones birthday suit=赤身裸体

误解:穿着生日礼服

42.Make ones hair stand on end=令人毛骨悚然,恐惧

误解:令人发指,气愤

43.Think a great deal of oneself=高看或者看重自己

误解:为自己想的很多

44.Pull up ones socks=鼓起勇气

误解:提上袜子

45.You don’t say=是吗?

误解:你别说

46.You can say that again=说的好

误解:你再说一次

最容易拼错的21个单词

46个最容易搞错的英语词组和21个最容易拼错的单词

在Playbuzz上出了这些题的楼主Luna Pope可是声称只有百分之一的参与者能全部答对噢!

(Photos from dailymail.co.uk)

关注“沃邦教育”官方网站(www.onebest.cn),获取更多SAT、托福等考试信息以及留学资讯。

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表今日头条立场。

加拿大留学 Top12名校托福雅思成绩要求

近年来,加拿大无论是SDS签证简化政策,还是就业政策的放宽和移民政策的利好,都不断吸引着中国学生赴加拿大留学的热情。虽然众多利好政策摆在我们面前,但是海外留学有一个重要的门槛就是语言成绩,那么加拿大名校语言成绩要求是什么样的呢?下面留学监理网给大家分享一下加拿大Top12名校托福、雅思成绩要求。

加拿大留学 Top12名校托福雅思成绩要求

多伦多大学

2017最新语言要求:

高中三年成绩单平均85%以上;高中会考成绩最好是A;高考一本线成绩,如果没有,需要提供补充材料,证明自己的学术能力;TOEFL IBT总分要求:100分 写作22分;

IELTS:学术类最低要求6.5,单科不低于6.0。

麦吉尔大学

2017最新语言要求:

雅思:

总分6.5,单项过6(注:The regular Academic test and the test for UKVI are both accepted.)

托福:

教育(TESL),管理 要求100分

农业和环境科学(包括饮食与营养),建筑,教育,工程,护理,物理和职业治疗,宗教研究,科学,社会工作 总分90,单项不低于21音乐 总分要求79-80

加拿大留学 Top12名校托福雅思成绩要求

英属哥伦比亚大学

2017最新语言要求:

雅思:

总分6.5,单项过6

托福:

总分90(阅读,听力22+,写作,口语21+)

1. Conditional Admission Program(主校区项目)申请最低要求:雅思6(单项5.5),托福82(阅读/听力20,口语/写作19。

2.Vantage One Program(语言中心项目)申请最低要求:雅思5.5(口语/听力5.0,阅读/写作5.5),托福70(单项16)

皇后大学

2017最新语言要求:

雅思:

总分6.5

托福:总分88(写作 24+, 口语,阅读 22+,听力20+)

阿尔伯塔大学

2017最新语言要求:

雅思:总分6.5,单项5.0+

托福:总分86,单项21+

加拿大留学 Top12名校托福雅思成绩要求

麦克马斯特大学

2017最新语言要求:

雅思:总分6.5,单项过5

托福:总分86,单项不低于20

西安大略大学

2017最新语言要求:

雅思:总分6.5, 单项不低于6

托福:总分83,写作20+

戴尔豪斯大学

2017最新语言要求:

语言要求:

雅思:总分6.5,单项过6

托福:总分90,单项过20

滑铁卢大学

2017最新语言要求:

从之前的雅思成绩总分7.0分,对单项小分没要求,变更为雅思总分6.5,写作和口语不低于6.5,听力和阅读不低于6.0。

对于托福成绩的要求保持不变,仍然是要求总分为90分,其中写作和口语需在25分以上。

加拿大留学 Top12名校托福雅思成绩要求

渥太华大学

2017最新语言要求:

雅思:总分6.5,写作6.5

托福:总分86,写作 22+

西蒙菲莎大学

2017最新语言要求:

雅思:总分6.5,单项6.0+

托福:总分88,单项20+

维多利亚大学

2017最新语言要求:

雅思:总分6.5, 单项不低于6

托福:总分90,单项不低于20

如有任何留学相关问题,欢迎关注留学监理网官方微信号(liuxuejianliwang),进行免费咨询!

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表今日头条立场。

雅思写作,就是这货,把你们拦在梦想路上的?

今天君姐来科普一下,雅思写作,这块骨头最难啃,因为在听说读写四门中,中国小朋友们的口语和写作,得分普遍低于听力和阅读,其中,写作最低…(2015年雅思官方公布的数据,总分5.7,写作5.3)

雅思写作,就是这货,把你们拦在梦想路上的?

那么问题来了,写作是要我们写出什么幺蛾子来呢?半部《红楼》还是一季《纸牌屋》啊…

雅思写作,就是这货,把你们拦在梦想路上的?

并不是,写作其实考的相当基础。我们从头看起,雅思写作考试时长共60分钟,分为大作文和小作文

先看看貌似面善一点的小作文,进入小作文阶段的基本要求:逻辑在线,会数数

雅思写作,就是这货,把你们拦在梦想路上的?

小作文的写作时间,通常是20分钟左右,有图表、流程图等几种不同的类型

看一个图表题的例子

雅思写作,就是这货,把你们拦在梦想路上的?

在上图中,黄色部分是每次都会出现的, 告诉你20分钟;

红色部分,也是例牌菜,这一类的题几乎都是这样,Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.告诉你挑选主要特征,选择、报告信息,在你觉得必要时,作一些比较;

至于中间这一块君姐没有标的,是每道写作题都不一样的部分,在介绍下面给出的图,主要关于什么

The graph below shows the demad for electricity in Engladn during typical days in winter and summer. The pie chart shows how electricity is used in an average English home.

下面就我们看看题中提供的图(字数要求:至少150字)

雅思写作,就是这货,把你们拦在梦想路上的?

雅思写作,就是这货,把你们拦在梦想路上的?

那么,接下来,小伙伴们要做的,也就是看图,挑选重点,清晰的用英文把图表讲述出来


而大作文,考什么呢?

我们看看同一套题的例子

雅思写作,就是这货,把你们拦在梦想路上的?

黄色的部分,是每一份卷子都一样的,基本要求,You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your won knowledge or experience.(你有40分钟时间,讨论如下话题….给出你的原因,并从你自己的知识和经验出发给出任何相关的例子,至少250字)

而红色的部分,是考题的核心,也就是这篇作文想让你讨论的内容:Happiness is considered very inportant in life. Why is it difficult to define? Whar factors are important in achieving happiness?(幸福在生命中很重要,但为什么幸福很难定义?在谋求幸福的过程中,哪些因素是重要的?)

好了小伙伴们,想一想这一篇雅思写作的议论文,要怎么写?下一集,君姐会来给大家讲写作的评分标准,以及范文~

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表万千英语族立场。

春节后托福首考都考了啥?新鲜回忆送上~

春节后托福首考都考了啥?新鲜回忆送上~

春节后的托福首考结束!小伙伴们感觉如何?且看网友的考情分享,仅供参考哦!也可以留言补充考情哈~今天托福考试分了AB卷,你考的是哪个卷?

阅读

A卷阅读:

1. 一种活很久的叫啥B pine tree

2. 温带泥土流失怎么办!热带泥土流失怎么办!干的地方泥土流失怎么办!

3. 农业起源的push理论和pull理论

B卷阅读:

1、印刷革命

2、农具进步

3、草的进化

听力

A卷听力:

对话1: 男生被记违反防火规定要罚款不忿找老师理论

对话2: 女生问怎么修满学分毕业老师说可以做independent research然后谈到了一个什么奇怪的艺术??

讲座1:论测量地球密度的正确方法

讲座2: 蚂蚁是如何种蘑菇的

B卷听力:

对话1:女生晚选课,问老师miss掉的内容、材料如何获得、museum参观的安排。

对话2:女生想投稿给学校radio station的science节目,和manager交流了好几个点子要找个没播过的,最后扩建的biopond里面的青蛙等生物们的生存状况获得通过。

口语

A卷口语:

task1 问商业机会,医疗,教育哪个对国家发展最重要

task2 问是否同意说现代娱乐科技导致人们少阅读了

task4 learner centred teaching,例子是教授女儿学吉他

task5 男生参加reward dinner没正装。一可以去town买,但以后考试多买衣服费时。二可以就穿个衬衫啥的,因为没有强制要求正装,但是这样不够

task6 insect pheromone两种用途。一定位,蜜蜂回家例子。二交配信号,蛾子例子。

写作

独立写作:

Do u agree or disagree:A group will be more helped by a person who is willing to do things what other members want than a person who strongly insist on things in a way that are different from other members want.

综合写作:

Elluptical 是因为titan周围就有很多的little star (不确定),然后这些little star collision 然后就impact the shape of orbit over times a 第二是water dissolve ,最后形成了crater 没有volcanic 的痕迹是被水dissolve ,赤道附近的rainfall 可以证明这个点,plus 也是这些rainfall 造成了depression 第三是titan 上面的sand 比地球重,十倍吧好像是10 times 。。然后一般风吹不动它,有一个storm 把它吹到了east的方向,这就解释了为什么之后西边的风吹过来吹不动它,它还是朝向东边。

来源:新东方托福

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表今日头条立场。

雅思口语话题描述一个有用的APP

雅思口语你有没有遇到过这样的一个话题:描述一个有用的APP,你会表达吗?究竟如何表达才会更流畅,取得的分数越理想呢?小编特意为雅思考生们整理了这个雅思口语话题,希望对大家有所帮助!

雅思口语话题描述一个有用的APP

雅思口语话题题目:

Describe an APP on your computer or phone.

You should say:

What the APP is

How long you have used it

What it is used for

And explain why you think it is useful.

雅思口语话题参考文本:

In recent years,people have gotten more and more attached to their smart phones,and an increasing number of apps are becoming part of people’s lives.From my perspective,I would say Wechat is a most useful one.The app is developed by Tencent,which is the fifth-largest Internet company in the world.At the very beginning,Wechat only had some basic functions,including instant-messaging and group chatting.Step by step,with the various demands from the people,the platform gradually offered users a series of new functions,ranging from a personal page to a payment system for purchasing goods.

The Wechat personal page is quite similar to Twitter or Facebook,where people could share their special moments with friends,colleagues and family members.For better convenience,with the payment system,users could buy anything they wantonline,then pay for it by Wechat.Normally,people have their own e-wallet on Wechat,where they could also transfer money to others’e-wallets and bank accounts.Also,users can top up their phones too.In general,netizens prefer to use apps which are free,multi-functional and user-friendly,just like Wechat.That’s why it gets so popular not only in China but also in other countries,attracting almost 500 million active users with 10%outside China.

雅思口语话题描述一个有用的APP

雅思口语高分词汇以及表达:

1.the fifth-largest Internet company第五大网络服务公司,烤鸭们一般在形容事物时,可以用类似的序数词+形容词最高级的结构(雅思口语)

2.instant表示即时的,加上message动词的ing形式,瞬间变成一个复合形容词,表示即时消息的(雅思口语)

3.top up表示给手机充值,在国外生活中,我们会经常用到(雅思口语)

4.这里的netizen其实是net citizen的缩写,在口语中经常使用,表示网民(雅思口语)

5.free,multi-functional,user-friendly表示免费的、多功能的、操作方便的,烤鸭们在回答口语题目时,要学会这种叠加形容词的方式来描述我们的物件(雅思口语)

雅思口语话题描述一个有用的APP

也许你还需要了解更多考试资讯,查看成都新航道官网(cd.xhd.cn),你想知道的所有雅思资讯等你来发现。

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表万千英语族立场。

雅思口语:向往的农村生活什么样?

雅思口语:向往的农村生活什么样?

雅思考口语话题:乡村生活

考官: Why do some people retire to the countryside?

考生: 第一观点- I suppose they crave the peace and quiet after a lifetime of hard work in the hustle and bustle of the city. 递进第一观点- In fact, in the modern imagination, I think the city is associated with work and the country with relaxation. 第二观点- Of course, when people get retired, they tend to return to nature, 举例支持- such as doing some farm work, keeping flowers, and admiring natural landscape. 结果-So, the countryside is a perfect place for them to enjoy the rest of their life.

剑桥雅思口语加分表达

crave the peace and quiet 渴望宁静

a lifetime of 一生的

the hustle and bustle 喧嚣

be associated with …和…联系在一起

tend to 往往

return to nature 回归自然

do some farm work 做农场工作

keep flowers 养花

admire natural landscape 欣赏自然景色

雅思口语:向往的农村生活什么样?

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表万千英语族立场。

考试|2017年2月11日雅思考题回顾

考试|2017年2月11日雅思考题回顾

听力部分

Section 版本号 场景 题型
One 50112 邮寄包裹 填空 10

1. No late than Friday

2. Type of delivery: International Express

3. Name: Anna Hillman

4. Sender’s address: 14 Mountain Road

5. North Building

6. Address: Park Avenue

7. Packages include: (6) books and8 (a)photograph

9. How much is the post fee? $98

10. What should bring if the package lost? ID code

Section 版本号 场景 题型
Two 20125 小镇介绍 单选5, 填空5

11. When was the town built? A. 16th century

12. Why did the festival held in the winter? C there are not enough job for workers in winter

13. Council 还是谁要承担的费用?£15,000

14. What is the town most famous for? A agriculture fair

15. Where does the painting come from? C the town

16. 在sound of music 中,人们要wear fancy dress

17. 去theater看表演,如果有小孩最好买family ticket

18. 芭蕾舞演出地点:concert rooms(有s)

19. 去看芭蕾演出 需要book in advance

20. 如果想获得更多信息can check the website

Section 版本号 场景 题型
Three 40144 媒体实习反馈 配对6,选择4

21-26 Matching

A.Julie

B Mike

B.C both Julia& Mike

21. Company expected too much. A

22. Didn’t find difficult to get along with journalist. B

23. Learned from interview C

24. Publication feel excited C

25. Consult journalist B

26. Practical knowledge B (答案不确定)

27. -30 Multiple Choices

27. What Julia learned from interview ? To interrupt with polite

28. What Mike learned from writing business journalism? B the informality terms that used A the need to define technical words

29. 问女生在website上做得怎么样 A easy to log on

30. Mick 怎么看待julie的网页工作 A It’s ideal job for Julie

Section 版本号 场景 题型
Four 20115 drama 填空 10

31. Raise children’s’confidence

32. Participant/experience

33. Importance of listening

34. Therapy

35. Safe environment

36. Morality

37. Responsible

38. Remember

39. Participation

40. problems

阅读部分

Passage 题材 题目 题型
One 购物方式的变化 Shopping by Design 段落信息匹配 5,单选题3 ,句子填空5

文章大意:

文章介绍了shopping形式的发展,从最开始的人们到前台给售货员list让去找东西,到后来一个叫做saunder的人,开发了新的形式的自助shopping ,发展到连锁商店piggy wiggy。

参考文章:

Shopping by Design

A At the beginning of the 20th century, grocery stores in the United States were full-service. A customer would ask a clerk behind the counter for specific items and the clerk would package the items, which were limited to dry goods. If they want to save some time, they have to ask a delivery boy or by themselves to send the note of what they want to buy the grocery story first and then go to pay the goods later. These grocery stores usually carried only one brand of each good. There were early chain stores, such as the A&P Stores, but these were all entirely full-service and very time-consuming.

B In 1885, a Virginia boy named Clarence Saunders began working part-time as a clerk in a grocery store when he was 14 years old, and quit school when the shopkeeper offered him Ml time work with room and board. Later he worked in an Alabama coke plant and in a Tennessee sawmill before he returned to the grocery business. By 1900, when he was nineteen years old, he was earning $30 a month as a salesman for a wholesale grocer. During his years working in the grocery stores, he found that it was very inconvenient and inefficient for people to buy things because more than a century ago, long before there were computers, shopping was done quite differently than it is today. Entering a store, the customer would approach the counter (or wait for a clerk to become available) and place an order, either verbally or, as was often the case for boys running errands, in the form of a note or list. While the customer waited, the clerk would move behind the counter and throughout the store, select the items on the list—some form shelves so high that long-handled grasping device had to be used—and bring them back to the counter to be tallied and bagged or boxed. The process might be expedited by the customer calling or sending in the order beforehand, or by the order being handled by a delivery boy on a bike, but otherwise it did not vary greatly. Saunders, a flamboyant and innovative man, noticed that this method resulted in wasted time and expense, so he came up with an unheard-of solution that would revolutionize the entire grocery industry: he developed a way for shoppers to serve themselves.

C So in 1902 he moved to Memphis where he developed his concept to form a grocery wholesale cooperative and a full-service grocery store. For his new “cafeteria grocery”, Saunders divided his grocery into three distinct areas:

1) A front “lobby” forming an entrance and exit and checkouts at the front.

2) A sales department, which was specially designed to allow customers to roam the aisles and select their own groceries. Removing unnecessary clerks, creating elaborate aisle displays, and rearranging the store to force customers to view all of the merchandise and over the shelving and cabinets units of sales department were “galleries” where supervisors were allowed to keep an eye on the customers while not disturbing them. 3) And another section of his store is the room only allowed for the clerks which was called the “stockroom” or “storage room” where large refrigerators were situated to keep fresh products from being perishable. The new format allowed multiple customers to shop at the same time, and led to the previously unknown phenomenon of impulse shopping. Though this format of grocery market was drastically different from its competitors, the style became the standard for the modern grocery store and later supermarket.

D On September 6, 1916, Saunders launched the self-service revolution in the USA by opening the first self-service Piggly Wiggly store, at 79 Jefferson Street in Memphis, Tennessee, with its characteristic turnstile at the entrance. Customers paid cash and selected their own goods from the shelves. It was unlike any other grocery store of that time. Inside a Piggly Wiggly, shoppers were not at the mercy of shop clerks. They were free to roam the store, check out the merchandise and get what they needed with their own two hands and feet. Prices on items at Piggly Wiggly were clearly marked. No one pressured customers to buy milk or pickles. And the biggest benefit at the Piggly Wiggly was that shoppers saved money. Self-service was a positive all around. “It’s good for both the consumer and retailer because it cuts costs,” noted George T. Haley, a professor at the University of New Haven and director of the Center for International Industry Competitiveness. “If you looked at the way grocery stores were run previous to Piggly Wiggly and Alpha Beta, what you find is that there was a tremendous amount of labor involved, and labor is a major expense.” Piggly Wiggly cut the fat.

E Piggly Wiggly and the self-service concept took off. Saunders opened nine stores in the Memphis area within the first year of business. Consumers embraced the efficiency, the simplicity and most of all the lower food prices. Saunders soon patented his self-service concept, and began franchising Piggly Wiggly stores. Thanks to the benefits of self-service and franchising, Piggly Wiggly ballooned to nearly 1,300 stores by 1923. Piggly Wiggly sold $100 million—worth $1.3 billion today—in groceries, making it the third-biggest grocery retailer in the nation. The company’s stock was even listed on the New York Stock Exchange, doubling from late 1922 to March 1923. Saunders had his hands all over Piggly Wiggly. He was instrumental in the design and layout of his stores. He even invented the turnstile.

F However Saunders was forced into bankruptcy in 1923 after a dramatic spat with the New York Stock Exchange and he went on to create the “Clarence Saunders sole-owner-of-my-name” chain, which went into bankruptcy.

G Until the time of his death in October 1953, Saunders was developing plans for another automatic store system called the Food electric. But the store, which was to be located two blocks from the first Piggly Wiggly store, never opened. But his name was well-remembered along with the name Piggly Wiggly.

Questions & Answers

Questions 1-5

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter A-E in boxes 1-5 on your answer sheet.

(NB You may use any letter more than once.)

1.How Clarence Saunders’ idea had been carried out.

2.Introducing the modes and patterns of groceries before his age.

3.Clarence Saunders declared bankruptcy a few years later.

4.Descriptions of Clarence Saunders’ new conception.

5.The booming development of his business.

Questions 6-10

Complete the following sentences.

Choose ONLY ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 6-10 on your answer sheet.

6.When Clarence Saunders was an adolescent, he took a job as a ______ in a grocery store.

7.In the new innovation of grocery store, most of the clerks’ work before was done by _______.

8.In Saunders’ new grocery store, the section where customers finish the payment was called ______.

9.Another area in his store which behind the public area was called the ______, where only internal staff could access.

10.At ________ customers were under surveillance.

Questions 11-13

11.Why did Clarence Saunders want to propel the innovation of grocery stores at his age?

A.Because he was an enthusiastic and creative man.

B.Because his boss wanted to reform the grocery industry.

C.Because he wanted to develop its efficiency and make great profits as well.

D.Because he worried about the future competition from the industry.

12.What happened to Clarence Saunders’ first store of Piggly Wiggly?

A.Customers complained about its impracticality and inconvenience.

B.It enjoyed a great business and was updated in the first twelve months.

C.It expanded to more than a thousand franchised stores during the first year.

D.Saunders was required to have his new idea patented and open more stores.

13.What left to Clarence Saunders after his death in 1953?

A.A fully automatic store system opened soon near his first store.

B.The name of his store the Piggly Wiggly was very popular at that time.

C.His name was actually connected with his famous shop the Piggly Wiggly in the following several years.

D.His name was painted together with the name of his famous store.

参考答案:

1. D

2. A

3. A

4. C

5. E

6. clerk

7. customers /shoppers

8. lobby

9. stock room

10. galleries

11. C

12. B

13. C

Passage 题材 题目 题型
Two 环境 Iceberg as a water source 判断题7,填空题5,单选题1

文章大意:

本文主要讲解Iceberg作为一个水资源如何被利用,从有限的利用到具体如何操作用plastic装iceberg运输,节省资金,最后展望要利用iceberg也注意限制。

类似参考文章:

Global Warming Scare Hits Ski Country

“The Greatest Snow on Earth” is emblazoned across Utah license plates. Park City, Utah, was the alpine venue during the Winter Olympic Games in 2002. A World Cup freestyle skiing competition was held this week in neighboring Deer Valley. The arctic scenes in the movie, “National Treasure” were filmed here. As they are fond of saying in this old mining town, “when the silver mines closed, we discovered white gold.”

So this week, when the results of a $60,000 climatology study were released, more than 1,000 residents of this town of 8,500 crowded into an auditorium to hear the news.

“Temperatures are projected to rise 6 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of the century,” announced Mark Williams, a University of Colorado scientist who specializes in temperature and precipitation modeling.

“For the high emission scenario, there’s just no snow on Park City’s mountains,” said fellow scientist Brian Lazar, who explained that “high emission” meant that the world would continue to accelerate its use of carbon based fuels that create greenhouse emissions.

Armed with graphics and statistical models, the scientists delivered the sobering message to the nervous crowd.

“I’ve been very scared for some time,” said one resident, addressing the experts. “I’m scared primarily for my grandchildren, great-grandchildren,” he said.

Global Warming Could Cut the Green in the Ski Industry

His concern may be well-founded. Williams and Lazar, who relied on seven different projections formulated by a United Nations team of experts, predicted dire consequences for the winter sports industry unless energy consumption is curbed.

Even under the best scenario the so-called “green” scenario, which anticipates dramatic cuts in greenhouse emissions, the ski season at the turn of the century could extend only from Christmas to President’s Day, eliminating the profitable shoulder season in the ski and snowboard industry.

Williams said carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases thicken the atmosphere and make the planet’s surface hotter.

“The mountains of the American West are the first to heat up,” he said. “You are the canary in the coal mine” he added, referring to the old mining practice of placing a bird in a cage in a mine shaft to alert miners to poisonous gases.”

“One thing to keep in mind is, when we emit carbon dioxide, it stays in the atmosphere for 50 years. Regardless of what we do today, there’s a 50-year lag time,” Williams added. “That has a huge effect on the ski conditions. We’d be going from Park City champagne powder — light, dry snow — to Sierra cement — heavy, wet snow.

Leading the Fight Against Global Warming

The study was underwritten by POWDR Corporation, which operates Park City Mountain Resort. When asked why he funded research that predicts the end of his business, CEO John Cumming told ABC News if he believed it was hopeless, he would sell his resorts in Utah, Nevada, Oregon and California. However, he is not selling, and has become a leader in the fight against global warming.

“We have visitors from around the world that come here and hopefully see that we’ve opted for doing something different that will have a different outcome and maybe they will choose to do the same thing,” he says.

参考答案:

13. TRUE

14. FALSE

15. FALSE

16. FASLE

17. TRUE

18. NOT GIVEN

19. FALSE

20. Rolls

21. Floating barge plastic

22. Xx

23. Reduce Friction

24. Current

25. C

Passage 题材 题目 题型
Three 社会科学 Human cooperation 配对5,选择5,判断5

文章大意:

文章主要讲解了不同形式的合作如何产生。人类无时无刻不需要合作,对于快速激烈的行动,比如跳舞,verbal communication就没有用了,如果双方能看到对反个,合作的效率更高。有时候尽管会make the process harder,但还是会合作。举例子是一个实验,让实验对象看不同颜色分别击打左右边的东西。一个人的判断会受到影响,如果the process is shared.

类似参考文章

A The Lumière Brothers opened their Cinematographe, at 14 Boulevard des Capucines in Paris, to 100 paying customers over 100 years ago, on December 8, 1895. Before the eyes of the stunned, thrilled audience, photographs came to life and moved across a flat screen.

B So ordinary and routine has this become to us that it takes a determined leap of the imagination to grasp the impact of those first moving images. But it is worth trying, for to understand the initial shock of those images is to understand the extraordinary power and magic of cinema, the unique, hypnotic quality that has made film the most dynamic, effective art form of the 20th century.

C One of the Lumière Brothers” earliest films was a 30-second piece which showed a section of a railway platform flooded with sunshine. A train appears and heads straight for the camera. And that is all that happens. Yet the Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky, one of the greatest of all film artists, described the film as a ‘work of genius’. ‘As the train approached,’ wrote Tarkovsky, ‘panic started in the theatre: people jumped and ran away. That was the moment when cinema was born. The frightened audience could not accept that they were watching a mere picture. Pictures were still, only reality moved; this must, therefore, be reality. In their confusion, they feared that a real train was about to crush them.’

D Early cinema audiences often experienced the same contusion. In time, the idea of film became familiar, the magic was accepted -but it never stopped being magic. Film has never lost its unique power to embrace its audiences and transport them to a different world. For Tarkovsky, the key to that magic was the way in which cinema created a dynamic image of the real flow of events. A still picture could only imply the existence of time, while time in a novel passed at the whim of the reader. But in cinema, the real, objective flow of time was captured.

E One effect of this realism was to educate the world about itself. For cinema makes the world smaller. Long before people travelled to America or anywhere else, they knew what other places looked like; they knew how other people worked and lived.

Overwhelmingly, the lives recorded – at least in film fiction – have been American. From the earliest days of the industry, Hollywood has dominated the world film market.

American imagery – the cars, the cities, the cowboys – became the primary imagery of film. Film carried American life and values around the globe.

F And, thanks to film, future generations will know the 20th century more intimately than any other period. We can only imagine what life was like in the 14th century or in classical Greece. But the life of the modern world has been recorded on film in massive, encyclopaedic detail. We shall be known better than any preceding generations.

G The ‘star’ was another natural consequence of cinema. The cinema star was effectively born in 1910. Film personalities have such an immediate presence that, inevitably, they become super-real. Because we watch them so closely and because everybody in the world seems to know who they are, they appear more real to us than we do ourselves. The star as magnified human self is one of cinema’s most strange and enduring legacies.

H Cinema has also given a new lease of life to the idea of the story. When the Lumière Brothers and other pioneers began showing off this new invention, it was by no means obvious how it would be used. All that mattered at first was the wonder of movement. Indeed, some said that, once this novelty had worn off, cinema would fade away. It was no more than a passing gimmick, a fairground attraction.

I Cinema might, for example, have become primarily a documentary form. Or it might have developed like television – as a strange, noisy transfer of music, information and narrative. But what happened was that it became, overwhelmingly, a medium for telling stories. Originally these were conceived as short stories – early producers doubted the ability of audiences to concentrate for more than the length of a reel. Then, in 1912, an Italian 2-hour film was hugely successful, and Hollywood settled upon the novel-length narrative that remains the dominant cinematic convention of today.

J And it has all happened so quickly. Almost unbelievably, it is a mere 100 years since that train arrived and the audience screamed and fled, convinced by the dangerous reality of what they saw, and, perhaps, suddenly aware that the world could never be the same again – that, maybe, it could be better, brighter, more astonishing, more real than reality.

参考答案待补充

写作部分

Task 图表类型 题目
One 柱状图 The chart below shows the percentage of adults not doing physical exercise in Australia in 2005.Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

考试|2017年2月11日雅思考题回顾

Task 题型类别 作文话题 题目
Two 观点类 社会类 In modern society, ambition is more and more important.How important is ambition for being successful in life?Is it a positive or negative development?

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本文为头条号作者发布,不代表万千英语族立场。

考雅思,除了帮你出国之外还有什么意义?

烤鸭们,当你没日没夜为雅思奋斗时,是否想过这样做的意义呢?雅思,仅仅是出国路上的一座拦路大山吗?答案当然是否定的。烤鸭君觉得,或许明白学雅思的意义,会帮助我们更好、更主动的去学习哦~~~下面来看看历届我们的学生是怎么看这个问题的。

考雅思,除了帮你出国之外还有什么意义?

01乔淼

当我们具备足够的英语语言能力,并且能用英语进行学习(甚至养成这种习惯)的时候,我们就为自己的生活去掉了一道巨大的屏障。我们将可能见他人所不能见,想他人所不能想。借用当年我的老师的话来说,除非你考完之后这辈子再也不读书,否则你背过的单词、学过的句法……一定都会派上用场的。如果你有足够的追求,那么即使不去参加这些考试,以“通过考试”为目标,习得并检测自己的能力,也是值得的。

02王十安

作为一个完全不想出国的人,我考雅思有这么几个原因:

1、考试模式与高考、四六级大不同。雅思有口语考试,作文分值比例高,话题多样。口语和作文一向都是中国人的短板,我也不例外,作为一个四六级均过600的大学生,英语输出能力特别是口语还是弱爆了。而我当时找工作的目标是一家知名外企,预感自己这种口语在面试时一定被鄙视,故想通过雅思考试提高自己的口语。

2、考试内容较贴近生活,可以拓展不少实用的词汇,有难度但是难度可接受,对于大多数学生是“跳一跳够得到”的。

3、贵。给我一种“花这么多钱不好好考我还是人么”的压力,所以学起来格外有精神。其实就是逼自己一把,有些知识不参加考试是学不进去的,学完广州雅思其实还没啥感觉,真正开始拼命是在考试前三个月,具体过程不说了,报考的话可以找广州雅思的老师结合自己的英语基础定制上课课程的,总之到了考试前夕对自己的口语能力倍儿有自信,晚上做梦经常在用英语说话,后来雅思考了7.5、听力和阅读都是满分。自己挺满意的。后来在求职面试时可以顺畅自信地和考官用英语交谈,顺利得取得了OFFER。

当时很多同学都不理解我,不出国费这劲干嘛,但是事实告诉我,我的决定没有错。

考雅思,除了帮你出国之外还有什么意义?

03Ethan Meow

有意义,非常有意义。

1、考过IELTS,分不算高,曾面试几家大型互联网及IT企业,少有让我做过英文自我介绍;节省面试准备的时间和面试的步骤。

2、能力水平同等条件下,或者甚至你能力更加弱一点,别人有四六级,你有雅托G,外企offer离你更近。托业的水平,和四六级差不多,拼不过雅托G。

3、如果近几个月预期事情比较少,报个CATTI之类的专业型考试。这一类具有一定专业性和难度的考试,报名价格不低,且有一个deadline,这两者结合起来,有促使你持续学习英语的强迫性动因。英语是日积月累的过程,松懈三个月,倒退一整年。GRE/IELTS/TOFEL作用同理。

4、语言是相通的,学英语,你对整个拉丁语系都会有所触及。法语,德语,意大利语等都属于拉丁语系,你如何知道你以后不会再遇到需要学习其他语言的情况?

所以总结起来:

1、有助于你在职场的起步和发展

2、能够保持你的英语水平

3、能够保持你对语言的敏感性,降低后续可能的语言学习和提高的难度另,有一些技能,比如书法,收集,DIY,摄影,还比如持续不断精进一门外语,这些东西看似在日常生活中是用不到的,但是会在你今后生活的意想不到的地方,派上大用场,事半功倍。

不要功利的看事物,人一辈子兜兜转转就没了,只要努力在有意义的事情上,就会有回报。
考雅思,除了帮你出国之外还有什么意义?

04匿名用户

别的不说,虽然我是知乎很不齿的大学狗,但是我必须要告诉你我自己不考雅思终酿恶果的经历。

我妈一直希望我出国,然后我死撑着不想出国,资本主义各种水深火热枪杀巷战的谁愿意去啊魂淡。两年多前高考完了放暑假很无聊就去报了个雅思班上着玩(怎么想都觉得蛋疼),也没有考,买了一套剑桥真题随便看看。然后我大学读的是双学位,一个商科一个英语,两个都是主修学位,英语专业学的跟雅思完全是两码事。大二下的时候学院发通知说有一个两校刚开展合作去英国交流两年的机会,可以拿两个学校的学位,但是过去以后是学商务数学,也就是说其实是数学专业……然后我妈非常狂热地叫我去报名,我心里想反正我数学这么烂各种拖加权交了成绩别人肯定不会要我,于是为了让我妈不啰嗦我我就交了申请……结果居然特么的选上了!(死英国佬是有多缺钱!!!!)

这时就要在暑假前出雅思or托福成绩给那边的英国学校。

于是我就去考,五月份内连考两次都是总分超过了要求但是作文单科还差0.5……因为英语专业学的英语和雅思想要测试你的不是一个重点,我怎么都摸不到雅思作文的门,简直要疯了……这时已经来不及报班突击了,我只能托跟我关系比较好的英语老师帮我找作文指导,每天各种焦虑……

此时已经要到我们学校期末考试月还要准备暑假实践……我就每天花时间在搞雅思上也无心复习(尼玛我都要出国了复习个P啊),后来终于在暑假前通过了。但是。我挂科了。还不止一门。出国前被我辅导员打电话大骂一顿。

所以我现在在英国,等我暑假回国我还要去补考计量经济学。要是我高考完那个暑假考完了雅思估计就不是这个结果了。顺便当时跟我一起通过申请的一个同学因为在段时间内托福屡考不过,最后只能放弃了这个世界排名六十多的学校,计划在大四去美国一个世界排名一百开外的学校……祝他幸福。

所以考这些重点不在于是不是对你有用,而是机会随时都会迎面而来,就看你有没有这个资本和运气抓住它。匿了。

05GGYY

(这位用户虽然讲的是GRE,但是烤鸭君觉得也同样适用于烤鸭们哦)

大学时刚入学时不够努力,大一大二成绩不是很好,甚至选着专业时也只能选择别人挑剩下的,日子一天天过,突然有一天觉得:不想碌碌地度过4年光阴。于是大二下的时候对自己说,这学期努力一把,如果考过绩点的3.5,那么就去试试最难的考试GRE吧。有了这个目标后,经过一个学期的努力后,成绩达到了预期,毅然的报了GRE,开始了准备。

直到今天,我还记得大三的那年,我白天从早到晚的上完课后,匆匆奔去图书馆,一直背红宝书,直到闭馆,然后回去背单词到1-2点的日子。有些日子每天只睡4个小时,但是不曾感觉到累过,心中就为了一口气 – 证明自己不必别人差。

终于有一天,考完试后,我激动的想哭,考试虽然考砸了,但是自己第一次完成了设定的目标。后来一切顺风顺水,再艰难的时候也记得当初每天睡4小时的日子。所以对于自己来说,你的付出现在看似无用,在未来都会以某种形式的方式返还给你,作用你的一生。

广州环球雅思,匠心语言培训18年,看完本文,如果你还是意犹未尽的话,欢迎持续关注我们的官方wechat公众号:烤鸭部落,地道英语、学习技巧、雅思、托福、SAT、新概念、全日制英语、小升初、留学规划……一言不合就上课的老司机烤鸭君可是很有料的,保证让你惊呼厉害了,Word哥!动动小手转发一下,帮烤鸭君找盆友喽!

本文为头条号作者发布,不代表万千英语族立场。