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VOA Special English 单词表


www.iselong.com 作者:
A.
accept - v. to agree to receive 接受
accident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; an unplanned event 事故
accuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement
against someone 指责
activist - n. one who seeks change through action 激进分子
administration - n. the executive part of a government, usually headed by a
president or prime minister 政府
admit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to express one's guilt or
responsibility ("He admitted that what he did was wrong.") 承认
adult - n. a grown person 成人
advise - v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in making a decision 建议
affect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleep affected the singer's
performance.") 影响
agency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("an agency of the United
Nations") 机构
aggression - n. an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's
borders 侵略
agriculture - n. farming 农业
air force - n. a military organization using airplanes 空军

album - n. a collection of recorded music 歌集

alcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in
industrial products 酒精

ally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose 联合体
ambassador - n. a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another
government) 大使
amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law) 修正
ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from guns 弹药
anarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessness 无政府状态
ancestor - n. a family member from the past 祖先
ancient - ad. very old; long ago 远古的
anniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the
past 周年
announce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officially 宣布
apologize - v. to express regret for a mistake or accident for which one accepts
responsibility 致歉
appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on
somebody for help 上诉;呼吁
appear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem 出现
appoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge") 任命
approve - v. to agree with; to agree to support 赞成
archeology - n. the scientific study of past human life and activities 考古学
argue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disagree 争论
arms - n. military equipment; weapons 兵器
arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner 逮捕
artillery - n. big guns 炮
assist - v. to help 帮助
astronaut - n. a person who travels in space 宇航员
astronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universe 天文学
asylum - n. political protection given by a government to a person from another
country 政治庇护
atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planet 大气层
attach - v. to tie together; to connect 系上;连接
attack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start a fight 袭击
attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effort 尝试
attend - v. to be present at 出席
automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car 汽车
average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad. common; normal 平均,平常
avoid - v. to stay away from 避免
award - n. an honor or prize for an act or service 奖励


B

balance - v. to make two sides or forces equal 平衡

balloon - n. a device of strong, light material that rises when filled with gas lighter
than air 气球

ballot - n. a piece of paper used for voting 选票

ban - v. to not permit; to stop; n. an official restriction 禁止
bar - v. to prevent or block 禁止,阻碍
barrier - n. anything that blocks or makes an action difficult 障碍
base - n. a military center 军营; v. to establish as a fact 基于 ("Her research was based on
experiments.") 
battle - n. a fight between opposing armed forces 战斗
beat - v. to hit again and again 击打
betray - v. to turn against; to be false to 背叛
bill - n. a legislative proposal 议案
biology - n. the scientific study of life or living things in all their forms 生物学
blame - v. to accuse; to hold responsible 责备
block - v. to stop something from being done; to prevent movement 堵塞,阻碍
bomb - n. a device that explodes with great force 炸弹; v. to attack or destroy with
bombs 炸弹袭击
border - n. a dividing line between nations 边界
boycott - v. to refuse to take part in or deal with 联合抵制
brief - ad. short; not long 简短的
broadcast - v. to send information, stories or music by radio or television; n. a radio
or television program 广播
brown - ad. having the color like that of coffee 褐色的
budget - n. a spending plan 预算
bullet - n. a small piece of metal shot from a gun 子弹
burst - v. to break open suddenly 爆裂
business - n. one's work; buying and selling to earn money; trade 工作,商业

C
cabinet - n. a group of ministers that helps lead a government 内阁
camp - n. a place with temporary housing 露营
campaign - n. a competition by opposing political candidates seeking support from
voters; a connected series of military actions during a war 活动
cancel - v. to end; to stop 取消
cancer - n. a disease in which dangerous cells grow quickly and destroy parts of the
body 癌症
candidate - n. a person who seeks or is nominated for an office or an honor 候选人
capitalism - n. an economic system in which the production of most goods and
services is owned and operated for profit by private citizens or companies 资本主义
capture - v. to make a person or animal a prisoner; to seize or take by force; to get
control of 捕获
case (court) - n. a legal action 案例
case (medical) - n. an incident of disease ("There was only one case of chicken pox
at the school.") 病例
cause - v. to make happen; n. the thing or person that produces a result 导致
ceasefire - n. a halt in fighting, usually by agreement 停火协议
celebrate - v. to honor a person or event with special activities 庆祝
ceremony - n. an act or series of acts done in a special way established by tradition 仪式
chairman - n. a person leading a meeting or an organized group 主席
champion - n. the best; the winner 冠军
charge - v. to accuse someone of something, usually a crime 控诉; n. a statement in
which someone is accused of something 指控
chase - v. to run or go after someone or something 追逐
cheer - v. to shout approval or praise 欢呼
chemicals - n. elements found in nature or made by people; substances used in the
science of chemistry 化学物质
chemistry - n. the scientific study of substances, what they are made of, how they
act under different conditions, and how they form other substances 化学
chief - n. the head or leader of a group 首领; ad. leading; most important 主要的
civilian - ad. not military 平民
civil rights - n. the political, economic and social rights given equally to all people of
a nation 公民权力
claim - v. to say something as a fact 声明
clash - n. a battle 冲突; v. to fight or oppose 发生冲突
clergy - n. a body of officials within a religious organization 神职人员
climate - n. the normal weather conditions of a place 气候
coal - n. a solid black substance used as fuel 煤
coalition - n. forces, groups or nations joined together 联盟
coast - n. land on the edge of the ocean 海岸
colony - n. land controlled by another country or government 殖民地
combine - v. to mix or bring together 联合,结合
command - v. to order; to have power over something 命令
comment - v. to say something about; to express an opinion about something 评论
committee - n. a group of people given special work 委员会
communicate - v. to tell; to give or exchange information 交流,通信
community - n. a group of people living together in one place or area 社区
compare - v. to examine what is different or similar 对比
compete - v. to try to do as well as, or better than, another or others 竞争
complex - ad. of or having many parts that are difficult to understand; not simple 复杂的
compromise - n. the settlement of an argument where each side agrees to accept
less than first demanded 折衷
concern - n. interest, worry ("express concern about") ; v. to fear ("to be
concerned") 关注,关心
condemn - v. to say a person or action is wrong or bad 遣责
condition - n. something declared necessary to complete an agreement 条件; a person's
health 身体状况
conference - n. a meeting 会议
confirm - v. to approve; to say that something is true 确定
conflict - n. a fight; a battle, especially a long one 冲突
congratulate - v. to praise a person or to express pleasure for success or good luck 祝贺
Congress - n. the organization of people elected to make the laws of the United
States (the House of Representatives and the Senate); a similar organization in
other countries 议会
conservative - n. one who usually supports tradition and opposes great change 保守派
constitution - n. the written general laws and ideas that form a nation's system of
government 宪法
contain - v. to hold; to include 包容
container - n. a box, bottle or can used to hold something 容器
continent - n. any of the seven great land areas of the world 大陆
control - v. to direct; to have power over 控制
convention - n. a large meeting for a special purpose 大会
cooperate - v. to act or work together 合作
court - n. where trials take place; where judges make decisions about law 法院
crash - v. to fall violently; to hit with great force 碰撞,坠毁
create - v. to make; to give life or form to 创造
creature - n. any living being; any animal or human 生物
credit - n. an agreement that payments will be made at a later time 信用
crew - n. a group of people working together 全体人员
crime - n. an act that violates a law 罪行
criminal - n. a person who is responsible for a crime 罪犯
crisis - n. an extremely important time when something may become much better or
worse; a dangerous situation 危机
criticize - v. to say what is wrong with something or someone; to condemn; to
judge 批评
crowd - n. a large number of people gathered in one place 人群
crush - v. to damage or destroy by great weight; to defeat completely 压碎
curfew - n. an order to people to stay off the streets or to close their businesses 戒严
current - n. movement of air, water or electricity 水流,电流; ad. belonging to the present time 目前的 ("She found the report in a current publication.") 
custom - n. a long-established belief or activity of a people 习惯,风俗
customs - n. taxes on imports 入关税

D
dam - n. a wall built across a river to hold back flowing water 大坝
damage - v. to cause injury or destruction 摧毁; n. harm; hurt or injury, usually to things 毁坏
deaf - ad. not able to hear 聋的
debate - v. to argue for or against something; n. a public discussion or argument 争论
debt - n. something that is owed; the condition of owing 债务
declare - v. to say; to make a statement 声明
decrease - v. to make less in size or amount 降低
defeat - v. to cause to lose in a battle or struggle; n. a loss; the condition of having
lost 打败
defend - v. to guard or fight against attack; to protect 防卫
deficit - n. a shortage that results when spending is greater than earnings, or
imports are greater than exports 赤字
define - v. to give the meaning of; to explain 定义
delay - v. to decide to do something at a later time; to postpone; to cause to be late 延迟
delegate - n. one sent to act for another; one who represents another 代表
demand - v. to ask by ordering; to ask with force 要求
democracy - n. the system of government in which citizens vote to choose leaders or
to make other important decisions 民主
demonstrate - v. to make a public show of opinions or feelings ("The crowd
demonstrated in support of human rights.") 示威; to explain by using examples ("The
teacher demonstrated the idea with an experiment.") 示范
denounce - v. to accuse of being wrong or evil; to criticize severely 谴责
deny - v. to declare that something is not true; to refuse a request 否认
depend - v. to need help and support 依靠
deplore - v. to regret strongly; to express sadness 表示悲痛
deploy - v. to move forces or weapons into positions for action 部署(军队)
depression - n. severe unhappiness; a period of reduced business and economic
activity during which many people lose their jobs 衰退
describe - v. to give a word picture of something; to give details of something 描述
design - v. to plan or create plans for 设计
desire - v. to want very much; to wish for 愿望
destroy - v. to break into pieces; to end the existence of 摧毁
develop - v. to grow; to create; to experience progress 发展
device - n. a piece of equipment made for a special purpose 设备
dictator - n. a ruler with complete power 独裁者
diet - n. usual daily food and drink 日常饮食
diplomat - n. a person who represents his or her government in dealing with another
government 外交官
direct - v. to lead; to aim or show the way 指引 ("He directed me to the theater."); ad.
straight to something; not through some other person or thing 直接的 ("The path is
direct.") 
direction - n. the way (east, west, north, south); where someone or something came
from or went to 方向
dirt - n. earth or soil 泥土
disappear - v. to become unseen; to no longer exist 消失
disarm - v. to take away weapons; to no longer keep weapons; to make a bomb
harmless by removing its exploding device 解除武装
discuss - v. to talk about; to exchange ideas 讨论
disease - n. a sickness in living things, often caused by viruses, germs or bacteria 疾病
dismiss - v. to send away; to refuse to consider 解散
dispute - v. to oppose strongly by argument; n. an angry debate 争论
dissident - n. a person who strongly disagrees with his or her government 不同政见者
document - n. an official piece of paper with facts written on it, used as proof or
support of something 文件
drown - v. to die under water 溺水
drug - n. anything used as a medicine or in making medicine; a chemical substance
used to ease pain or to affect the mind 药品
dust - n. pieces of matter so small that they can float in the air 灰尘
 
 
E
earn - v. to be paid in return for work done 获得
earthquake - n. a sudden, violent shaking of the earth's surface 地震
ease - v. to reduce; to make less difficult 减轻
ecology - n. the scientific study of the environment and links among living and
material things 环境
economy - n. the system by which money, industry and trade are organized 经济
edge - n. the line where something ends or begins 边缘
effect - n. the result or change caused by something ("The storm had a serious
effect on the economy.") 效果
effort - n. an attempt; the work necessary to do something 努力
elect - v. to choose by voting 选举
electricity - n. a form of energy that flows through wires to provide heat and light,
and power to machines 电力
embassy - n. the offices of an ambassador and his or her assistants 大使馆
emergency - n. an unexpected and dangerous situation demanding quick action 紧急情况
emotion - n. a strong feeling such as love, hate, fear or sadness 感情
employ - v. to give work in return for wages 雇佣
energy - n. power used to do work, usually with machines; the ability and
willingness to be active 能量
enforce - v. to make something be done 强制执行
engine - n. a machine that uses energy to cause movement or to do work 引擎
engineer - n. a person who designs engines, machines, roads, bridges or railroads   工程师
environment - n. all surrounding things, conditions and influences that affect life;
the natural world of land, sea, air, plants and animals 环境
equal - ad. the same in amount, size, weight or value; having the same rights 对等的
equipment - n. things, tools or machines needed for a purpose or activity 设备
escape - v. to get free; to get away from; to get out of 逃离
especially - ad. more than others ("We liked the food, especially the fish.") 特别是
establish - v. to bring into existence; to create 建立
estimate - v. to form an opinion about a value, size or amount using less than
complete information 估计
ethnic - ad. of or concerning people belonging to a large group because of their race,
religion, language, tribe or where their ancestors lived 种族的
evaporate - v. to change from a liquid into a gas 蒸发
evidence - n. material or facts that prove something; a reason for believing 证据
evil - ad. not good; extremely bad 邪恶的
examine - v. to study closely 审视,察看
exchange - v. to trade 交易; to give or receive one thing for another 交换
execute - v. to kill 处死
exile - v. to force a person to leave his or her country; to expel 驱逐; n. a person who is
forced to leave his or her country 被驱逐者
exist - v. to be; to live 存在
expand - v. to make larger; to grow larger 扩张
expect - v. to think or believe that something will happen; to wait for an event 期望
expel - v. to force out; to remove from; to send away 驱逐,开除
experience - v. to live through an event, situation or condition 经历("She experienced
great pain."); n. something that one has done or lived through 经历("The experience
caused her great pain.") 
experiment - v. to test 做实验; n. a test or trial carried out to prove if an idea is true or
false, or to discover something 实验
expert - n. a person with special knowledge or training 专家
explode - v. to break apart violently with a loud noise, like a bomb 爆炸
explore - v. to travel in a place that is not well known to learn more about it; to
make a careful search; to examine closely 探索
export - v. to send to another country 出口; n. something sent to another country, usually
for sale 出口商品
express - v. to say clearly 表达
extend - v. to stretch out in area or length 扩展 ; to continue for a longer time 延长<